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Potential emissions from two mechanically-biologically pretreated (MBT) wastes.

van Praagh, Martijn LU ; Heerenklage, J; Smidt, E; Modin, Hanna LU ; Stegmann, R and Persson, Kenneth M LU (2009) In Waste Management 29(2). p.859-868
Abstract
The interaction of parameters determining the potential emissions of two different mechanically-biologically pretreated municipal solid wastes (MBT wastes) is elucidated in this work. The origins of the wastes are Germany and Sweden. By means of lab-scale experiments, increased stabilisation through composting is preferably determined by a decrease in respiration activity. Concurrently, the stabilisation is verified for the leachates by a decrease in COD, DOC, and BOD(5). Total organic carbon content reflects stabilisation less accurately. FT-IR and thermal analytical methods add valuable information about the state of degradation, especially when several distinct thermal parameters are taken into account. Mobility of Cr, Ni, Pb, and Zn... (More)
The interaction of parameters determining the potential emissions of two different mechanically-biologically pretreated municipal solid wastes (MBT wastes) is elucidated in this work. The origins of the wastes are Germany and Sweden. By means of lab-scale experiments, increased stabilisation through composting is preferably determined by a decrease in respiration activity. Concurrently, the stabilisation is verified for the leachates by a decrease in COD, DOC, and BOD(5). Total organic carbon content reflects stabilisation less accurately. FT-IR and thermal analytical methods add valuable information about the state of degradation, especially when several distinct thermal parameters are taken into account. Mobility of Cr, Ni, Pb, and Zn produced by a batch leaching test with deionized water is reduced by the pretreatment of both materials. Mobility of copper unambiguously increased. A principle component analysis (PCA) of membrane fractionated leachates indicates an affinity of Cu to mobile humic acids or dissolved organic carbon. High Cr, Zn, and Ni contents in the solid co-occur with high contents of solid humic acids. To a lesser extent, this is also true for solid Cd, Cu, and Pb contents. Due to differences in required landfilling conditions, actual emissions and after-care phase length will depend on whether each waste is landfilled in Germany or Sweden. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Waste Management
volume
29
issue
2
pages
859 - 868
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000261901800049
  • pmid:18782660
  • scopus:56349168369
ISSN
1879-2456
DOI
10.1016/j.wasman.2008.06.028
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1de2fcdc-191a-496a-b37e-c9ad8a6e307b (old id 1243180)
date added to LUP
2008-11-02 18:28:15
date last changed
2017-02-12 03:52:38
@article{1de2fcdc-191a-496a-b37e-c9ad8a6e307b,
  abstract     = {The interaction of parameters determining the potential emissions of two different mechanically-biologically pretreated municipal solid wastes (MBT wastes) is elucidated in this work. The origins of the wastes are Germany and Sweden. By means of lab-scale experiments, increased stabilisation through composting is preferably determined by a decrease in respiration activity. Concurrently, the stabilisation is verified for the leachates by a decrease in COD, DOC, and BOD(5). Total organic carbon content reflects stabilisation less accurately. FT-IR and thermal analytical methods add valuable information about the state of degradation, especially when several distinct thermal parameters are taken into account. Mobility of Cr, Ni, Pb, and Zn produced by a batch leaching test with deionized water is reduced by the pretreatment of both materials. Mobility of copper unambiguously increased. A principle component analysis (PCA) of membrane fractionated leachates indicates an affinity of Cu to mobile humic acids or dissolved organic carbon. High Cr, Zn, and Ni contents in the solid co-occur with high contents of solid humic acids. To a lesser extent, this is also true for solid Cd, Cu, and Pb contents. Due to differences in required landfilling conditions, actual emissions and after-care phase length will depend on whether each waste is landfilled in Germany or Sweden.},
  author       = {van Praagh, Martijn and Heerenklage, J and Smidt, E and Modin, Hanna and Stegmann, R and Persson, Kenneth M},
  issn         = {1879-2456},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {859--868},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Waste Management},
  title        = {Potential emissions from two mechanically-biologically pretreated (MBT) wastes.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2008.06.028},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {2009},
}