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Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome: current status

Berg, Sören LU (2008) In Clinical Respiratory Journal 2(4). p.197-201
Abstract
Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a prevalent condition that covaries with cardiovascular complications and most likely with arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Objective: The present paper is a review of the current status of OSAS. Results: Definitions and diagnostic criteria as well as known risk factors, prevalence, symptoms, covariance with other diseases and consequences as traffic accidents are described. OSAS is characterised by daytime sleepiness symptoms that range from mild to severe. Risk factors such as anatomical upper airway abnormalities, overweight, smoking, excessive alcohol intake and use of muscle relaxants are related to the development of sleep apnoea. Various diagnostic procedures and... (More)
Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a prevalent condition that covaries with cardiovascular complications and most likely with arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Objective: The present paper is a review of the current status of OSAS. Results: Definitions and diagnostic criteria as well as known risk factors, prevalence, symptoms, covariance with other diseases and consequences as traffic accidents are described. OSAS is characterised by daytime sleepiness symptoms that range from mild to severe. Risk factors such as anatomical upper airway abnormalities, overweight, smoking, excessive alcohol intake and use of muscle relaxants are related to the development of sleep apnoea. Various diagnostic procedures and treatment modalities are considered. Overnight polysomnography is the reference standard for sleep apnoea recording. Treatment modalities include mechanical [continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), oral appliances], surgical, pharmacological and 'conservative' lifestyle modifications. Finally, Nordic accrediation guidelines for sleep medicine clinics and sleep medicine specialists are described. Conclusion: The diagnosis of OSAS should be performed with a polygraph, and the first-line treatment of moderate to severe OSAS is CPAP. Lastly, compliance for this treatment should be optimised with regular clinical controls. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
sleep apnea, current status, review
in
Clinical Respiratory Journal
volume
2
issue
4
pages
197 - 201
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000259146900003
  • scopus:77953647934
ISSN
1752-6981
DOI
10.1111/j.1752-699X.2008.00076.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8c0a3234-445a-4b76-a21b-135a889f5e79 (old id 1247016)
date added to LUP
2008-11-17 11:29:06
date last changed
2017-08-20 03:31:43
@article{8c0a3234-445a-4b76-a21b-135a889f5e79,
  abstract     = {Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a prevalent condition that covaries with cardiovascular complications and most likely with arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Objective: The present paper is a review of the current status of OSAS. Results: Definitions and diagnostic criteria as well as known risk factors, prevalence, symptoms, covariance with other diseases and consequences as traffic accidents are described. OSAS is characterised by daytime sleepiness symptoms that range from mild to severe. Risk factors such as anatomical upper airway abnormalities, overweight, smoking, excessive alcohol intake and use of muscle relaxants are related to the development of sleep apnoea. Various diagnostic procedures and treatment modalities are considered. Overnight polysomnography is the reference standard for sleep apnoea recording. Treatment modalities include mechanical [continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), oral appliances], surgical, pharmacological and 'conservative' lifestyle modifications. Finally, Nordic accrediation guidelines for sleep medicine clinics and sleep medicine specialists are described. Conclusion: The diagnosis of OSAS should be performed with a polygraph, and the first-line treatment of moderate to severe OSAS is CPAP. Lastly, compliance for this treatment should be optimised with regular clinical controls.},
  author       = {Berg, Sören},
  issn         = {1752-6981},
  keyword      = {sleep apnea,current status,review},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {197--201},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Clinical Respiratory Journal},
  title        = {Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome: current status},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-699X.2008.00076.x},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2008},
}