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Cigarette smoking delays bone healing: A prospective study of 200 patients operated on by the hemicallotasis technique

W-Dahl, Annette LU and Toksvig-Larsen, Sören LU (2004) In Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica 75(3). p.51-347
Abstract (Swedish)
Abstract in Undetermined

Background Cigarette smoking is known to impede bone healing. The hemicallotasis technique is based on an external fixation and delayed healing prolongs treatment and increases the risk of further complications. Patients and methods 200 patients, 34 smokers and 166 nonsmokers, operated on by the hemicallotasis technique in the proximal tibia for deformities of the knee (knee arthrosis in 186 patients) were consecutively studied. We recorded their preoperative smoking habits, postoperative complications and the duration of treatment with external fixation. Results Half of the smokers and one fifth of the nonsmokers developed complications. Their mean time in external fixation was 96 (SD 20) days.... (More)
Abstract in Undetermined

Background Cigarette smoking is known to impede bone healing. The hemicallotasis technique is based on an external fixation and delayed healing prolongs treatment and increases the risk of further complications. Patients and methods 200 patients, 34 smokers and 166 nonsmokers, operated on by the hemicallotasis technique in the proximal tibia for deformities of the knee (knee arthrosis in 186 patients) were consecutively studied. We recorded their preoperative smoking habits, postoperative complications and the duration of treatment with external fixation. Results Half of the smokers and one fifth of the nonsmokers developed complications. Their mean time in external fixation was 96 (SD 20) days. Smokers required an average of 16 days more in external fixation. Delayed healing and pseudoarthrosis were commoner in smokers than nonsmokers. The risk ratio for smokers to develop complications was 2.5, as compared to nonsmokers. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica
volume
75
issue
3
pages
51 - 347
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • pmid:15260429
  • wos:000222310400018
  • scopus:3042512347
ISSN
0001-6470
DOI
10.1080/00016470410001303
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3760746c-facf-4aa8-ac2f-f92fc5e43055 (old id 126461)
alternative location
http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a718990523~db=all~order=page
date added to LUP
2007-07-04 11:18:59
date last changed
2017-11-27 12:52:54
@article{3760746c-facf-4aa8-ac2f-f92fc5e43055,
  abstract     = {<b>Abstract in Undetermined</b><br/><br>
Background Cigarette smoking is known to impede bone healing. The hemicallotasis technique is based on an external fixation and delayed healing prolongs treatment and increases the risk of further complications. Patients and methods 200 patients, 34 smokers and 166 nonsmokers, operated on by the hemicallotasis technique in the proximal tibia for deformities of the knee (knee arthrosis in 186 patients) were consecutively studied. We recorded their preoperative smoking habits, postoperative complications and the duration of treatment with external fixation. Results Half of the smokers and one fifth of the nonsmokers developed complications. Their mean time in external fixation was 96 (SD 20) days. Smokers required an average of 16 days more in external fixation. Delayed healing and pseudoarthrosis were commoner in smokers than nonsmokers. The risk ratio for smokers to develop complications was 2.5, as compared to nonsmokers.},
  author       = {W-Dahl, Annette and Toksvig-Larsen, Sören},
  issn         = {0001-6470},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {51--347},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica},
  title        = {Cigarette smoking delays bone healing: A prospective study of 200 patients operated on by the hemicallotasis technique},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016470410001303},
  volume       = {75},
  year         = {2004},
}