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Characteristics of primary amphetamine users in Sweden: a criminal justice population examined with the Addiction Severity Index.

Håkansson, Anders C LU ; Schlyter, F and Berglund, Mats LU (2009) In European Addiction Research 15(1). p.10-18
Abstract
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Characteristics of primary amphetamine, heroin and cocaine users were compared in a criminal justice population. METHODS: 7,085 clients with suspected or reported substance use were studied using the Addiction Severity Index. Variables separating amphetamine, heroin and cocaine users were analyzed in stepwise logistic regression. RESULTS: There were considerably more primary amphetamine users (n = 1,396) than heroin (n = 392) and cocaine (n = 119) users. Amphetamine users were older, a more rural population, and less likely to be non-Nordic immigrants. Compared with heroin, amphetamine use was associated with older age, Nordic origin, nonurban residence, memory/concentration problems, parental alcohol problems, and less... (More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Characteristics of primary amphetamine, heroin and cocaine users were compared in a criminal justice population. METHODS: 7,085 clients with suspected or reported substance use were studied using the Addiction Severity Index. Variables separating amphetamine, heroin and cocaine users were analyzed in stepwise logistic regression. RESULTS: There were considerably more primary amphetamine users (n = 1,396) than heroin (n = 392) and cocaine (n = 119) users. Amphetamine users were older, a more rural population, and less likely to be non-Nordic immigrants. Compared with heroin, amphetamine use was associated with older age, Nordic origin, nonurban residence, memory/concentration problems, parental alcohol problems, and less history of other opioid use, overdose and detoxification. Compared with cocaine, amphetamine use was associated with older age, Nordic origin, nonurban residence, injecting, tobacco and institution treatment. Overlap of drug use between groups was relatively uncommon. CONCLUSION: This pattern of amphetamine use, common among Swedish criminals, has relatively distinct boundaries from heroin and cocaine use, commonly involves injecting, and differs from other countries. Psychiatric problems and alcohol heredity were common, and evidence-based treatment for amphetamine users is needed. The connection between amphetamine use and criminal behavior is insufficiently understood and should be further addressed. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
European Addiction Research
volume
15
issue
1
pages
10 - 18
publisher
Karger
external identifiers
  • wos:000261830100002
  • pmid:19052458
  • scopus:57049123718
ISSN
1421-9891
DOI
10.1159/000173004
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d3c40c90-6653-417a-87b5-dff1572a88e4 (old id 1276545)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19052458?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2009-01-09 08:53:58
date last changed
2017-08-20 04:36:40
@article{d3c40c90-6653-417a-87b5-dff1572a88e4,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND/AIMS: Characteristics of primary amphetamine, heroin and cocaine users were compared in a criminal justice population. METHODS: 7,085 clients with suspected or reported substance use were studied using the Addiction Severity Index. Variables separating amphetamine, heroin and cocaine users were analyzed in stepwise logistic regression. RESULTS: There were considerably more primary amphetamine users (n = 1,396) than heroin (n = 392) and cocaine (n = 119) users. Amphetamine users were older, a more rural population, and less likely to be non-Nordic immigrants. Compared with heroin, amphetamine use was associated with older age, Nordic origin, nonurban residence, memory/concentration problems, parental alcohol problems, and less history of other opioid use, overdose and detoxification. Compared with cocaine, amphetamine use was associated with older age, Nordic origin, nonurban residence, injecting, tobacco and institution treatment. Overlap of drug use between groups was relatively uncommon. CONCLUSION: This pattern of amphetamine use, common among Swedish criminals, has relatively distinct boundaries from heroin and cocaine use, commonly involves injecting, and differs from other countries. Psychiatric problems and alcohol heredity were common, and evidence-based treatment for amphetamine users is needed. The connection between amphetamine use and criminal behavior is insufficiently understood and should be further addressed.},
  author       = {Håkansson, Anders C and Schlyter, F and Berglund, Mats},
  issn         = {1421-9891},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {10--18},
  publisher    = {Karger},
  series       = {European Addiction Research},
  title        = {Characteristics of primary amphetamine users in Sweden: a criminal justice population examined with the Addiction Severity Index.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000173004},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2009},
}