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Mortality and cancer incidence in cohorts of Swedish fishermen and fishermen's wives: Updated findings.

Mikoczy, Zoli LU and Rylander, Lars LU (2009) In Chemosphere 74. p.938-943
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Intake of fish is an important source for many essential substances, such as n-3 PUFA. However, certain fish also contains relatively high levels of PCBs and dioxins. In Sweden, the concentrations of these compounds are higher in fatty fish caught at the east coast as compared to fish from the west coast. The aim of the present study was to assess cancer incidence and mortality pattern among cohorts with a relatively high intake of locally caught fish from the Swedish coasts. METHODS: Cohorts of fishermen and fishermen's wives from the Swedish west and east coasts were established. Cancer incidence and mortality patterns were assessed up to year 2002, and cause-specific standardised incidence (SIRs) and mortality (SMRs) ratios... (More)
OBJECTIVES: Intake of fish is an important source for many essential substances, such as n-3 PUFA. However, certain fish also contains relatively high levels of PCBs and dioxins. In Sweden, the concentrations of these compounds are higher in fatty fish caught at the east coast as compared to fish from the west coast. The aim of the present study was to assess cancer incidence and mortality pattern among cohorts with a relatively high intake of locally caught fish from the Swedish coasts. METHODS: Cohorts of fishermen and fishermen's wives from the Swedish west and east coasts were established. Cancer incidence and mortality patterns were assessed up to year 2002, and cause-specific standardised incidence (SIRs) and mortality (SMRs) ratios were calculated. RESULTS: Low rates for overall mortality were observed in the two cohorts from the west coast. We observed lower than expected rates especially for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Incidence of colon cancer was lower than expected among the east coast fishermen and higher than expected among the east coast wives. Consistently increased incidence of lip cancer, and an elevation of the squamous cell skin cancer incidence, was seen in the fishermen cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: The low rates for overall mortality and cancer incidence, and low death rates for major diseases, and the low colon cancer incidence, indicates a positive impact of high dietary fish consumption, and health benefits from a highly physically active work environment for the fishermen. Sun exposure as an occupational hazard among fishermen should not be neglected. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Chemosphere
volume
74
pages
938 - 943
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000264182400010
  • pmid:19041115
  • scopus:58949100874
ISSN
1879-1298
DOI
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.10.006
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
81592c7f-ac36-45d1-905a-8cebfd4799dc (old id 1276680)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19041115?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2009-01-09 08:44:59
date last changed
2017-06-18 04:38:23
@article{81592c7f-ac36-45d1-905a-8cebfd4799dc,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVES: Intake of fish is an important source for many essential substances, such as n-3 PUFA. However, certain fish also contains relatively high levels of PCBs and dioxins. In Sweden, the concentrations of these compounds are higher in fatty fish caught at the east coast as compared to fish from the west coast. The aim of the present study was to assess cancer incidence and mortality pattern among cohorts with a relatively high intake of locally caught fish from the Swedish coasts. METHODS: Cohorts of fishermen and fishermen's wives from the Swedish west and east coasts were established. Cancer incidence and mortality patterns were assessed up to year 2002, and cause-specific standardised incidence (SIRs) and mortality (SMRs) ratios were calculated. RESULTS: Low rates for overall mortality were observed in the two cohorts from the west coast. We observed lower than expected rates especially for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Incidence of colon cancer was lower than expected among the east coast fishermen and higher than expected among the east coast wives. Consistently increased incidence of lip cancer, and an elevation of the squamous cell skin cancer incidence, was seen in the fishermen cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: The low rates for overall mortality and cancer incidence, and low death rates for major diseases, and the low colon cancer incidence, indicates a positive impact of high dietary fish consumption, and health benefits from a highly physically active work environment for the fishermen. Sun exposure as an occupational hazard among fishermen should not be neglected.},
  author       = {Mikoczy, Zoli and Rylander, Lars},
  issn         = {1879-1298},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {938--943},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Chemosphere},
  title        = {Mortality and cancer incidence in cohorts of Swedish fishermen and fishermen's wives: Updated findings.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.10.006},
  volume       = {74},
  year         = {2009},
}