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I sekulariseringens skugga. Manlighet och religiös tematik i svensk och amerikansk 1920-talsfilm

Gustafsson, Tommy LU (2008) In Tidskrift för genusvetenskap p.91-113
Abstract
There existed a great ambivalence concerning masculinity and its relationship to religion in the decades around the last turn of the century. The historical encoding process of religion, from gender neutral to feminine, have in general been interpreted as something solely negative for the constitution of masculinity during this period. Consequently, religious encoded masculinities have been deemed as deviations from the norm; as a negative feminisation. This assumption does not consider secularisation as an ongoing process, instead taking secularisation for granted when in fact Christianity and religiousness were still very much alive throughout Western societies. The focus for this article have been to examine images of Christ and... (More)
There existed a great ambivalence concerning masculinity and its relationship to religion in the decades around the last turn of the century. The historical encoding process of religion, from gender neutral to feminine, have in general been interpreted as something solely negative for the constitution of masculinity during this period. Consequently, religious encoded masculinities have been deemed as deviations from the norm; as a negative feminisation. This assumption does not consider secularisation as an ongoing process, instead taking secularisation for granted when in fact Christianity and religiousness were still very much alive throughout Western societies. The focus for this article have been to examine images of Christ and Christ-like characters in Swedish and American films, and also how ordinary religious male characters were received, and what functions these images of religious manhood performed in these films, and society at large. The clear tendency was that a modern, more active masculinity was on its way to oust an older, more passive masculinity based on spiritual values – manifested, for example, in that films with clear religious themes were enacted in a distant past. However, the contemporary reception clearly shows that the images of these religious male characters were not feminised due to religion. Instead, spiritualised forms of masculinities functioned as a legitimate alternative alongside modern masculinity. This indicates that religion was not yet essentially encoded as ‘feminine’. Although some forms of masculine encoded emotions were controlled in the public, this did not at all include softer expressions of emotions that in earlier research have been explained as signs of femininity in relation to an ideal masculinity. Conversely, the predicament for spiritualised masculinities occurred when narratives included a woman (the love story), which unavoidably tilted the focus from the soul to the masculine body, thereby (hetero)sexualising the male character in a way that often worked as a feminisation. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
performativity, Swedish film culture, 1920s, Christ, secularisation, masculinity, religion
in
Tidskrift för genusvetenskap
issue
3-4
pages
91 - 113
publisher
Tidskrift för genusvetenskap, Karlstads universitet
ISSN
2001-1377
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
ed229b2a-8c47-45a3-be65-b1855ca5c998 (old id 1276821)
date added to LUP
2009-01-14 11:39:29
date last changed
2016-04-16 07:00:31
@article{ed229b2a-8c47-45a3-be65-b1855ca5c998,
  abstract     = {There existed a great ambivalence concerning masculinity and its relationship to religion in the decades around the last turn of the century. The historical encoding process of religion, from gender neutral to feminine, have in general been interpreted as something solely negative for the constitution of masculinity during this period. Consequently, religious encoded masculinities have been deemed as deviations from the norm; as a negative feminisation. This assumption does not consider secularisation as an ongoing process, instead taking secularisation for granted when in fact Christianity and religiousness were still very much alive throughout Western societies. 	The focus for this article have been to examine images of Christ and Christ-like characters in Swedish and American films, and also how ordinary religious male characters were received, and what functions these images of religious manhood performed in these films, and society at large. The clear tendency was that a modern, more active masculinity was on its way to oust an older, more passive masculinity based on spiritual values – manifested, for example, in that films with clear religious themes were enacted in a distant past. However, the contemporary reception clearly shows that the images of these religious male characters were not feminised due to religion. Instead, spiritualised forms of masculinities functioned as a legitimate alternative alongside modern masculinity. This indicates that religion was not yet essentially encoded as ‘feminine’. Although some forms of masculine encoded emotions were controlled in the public, this did not at all include softer expressions of emotions that in earlier research have been explained as signs of femininity in relation to an ideal masculinity. Conversely, the predicament for spiritualised masculinities occurred when narratives included a woman (the love story), which unavoidably tilted the focus from the soul to the masculine body, thereby (hetero)sexualising the male character in a way that often worked as a feminisation.},
  author       = {Gustafsson, Tommy},
  issn         = {2001-1377},
  keyword      = {performativity,Swedish film culture,1920s,Christ,secularisation,masculinity,religion},
  language     = {swe},
  number       = {3-4},
  pages        = {91--113},
  publisher    = {Tidskrift för genusvetenskap, Karlstads universitet},
  series       = {Tidskrift för genusvetenskap},
  title        = {I sekulariseringens skugga. Manlighet och religiös tematik i svensk och amerikansk 1920-talsfilm},
  year         = {2008},
}