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Cross-Cultural Patterns in College Student Drinking and its Consequences - A Comparison between the USA and Sweden

Ståhlbrandt, Henrietta LU ; Andersson, Claes LU ; Johnsson, Kent LU ; Tollison, Sean J.; Berglund, Mats LU and Larimer, Mary E. (2008) In Alcohol and Alcoholism 43(6). p.698-705
Abstract
Aims: The aim of the study was to compare alcohol use, consequences and common risk factors between American and Swedish college students. Methods: A secondary comparative analysis from one American and two Swedish studies in college settings. Results: Swedish freshmen report higher alcohol use than US freshmen students. Swedish residence hall students report higher alcohol use than US residence hall students, but lower than American fraternity/sorority members. US students were less likely to be drinkers. Controlling for age, country moderated the relationship between family history and harmful drinking scores for women (stronger in the USA), and between expectancies and harmful drinking scores for men (stronger in Sweden), though in both... (More)
Aims: The aim of the study was to compare alcohol use, consequences and common risk factors between American and Swedish college students. Methods: A secondary comparative analysis from one American and two Swedish studies in college settings. Results: Swedish freshmen report higher alcohol use than US freshmen students. Swedish residence hall students report higher alcohol use than US residence hall students, but lower than American fraternity/sorority members. US students were less likely to be drinkers. Controlling for age, country moderated the relationship between family history and harmful drinking scores for women (stronger in the USA), and between expectancies and harmful drinking scores for men (stronger in Sweden), though in both cases this represented a small effect and patterns were similar overall. Conclusions: Swedish students are at higher risk for alcohol use than US students, but similar patterns between aetiological predictors and outcomes in both countries suggest that research from the USA is generalizable to Swedish students and vice versa. More research is needed to better understand unique relationships associated with age and family history. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Alcohol and Alcoholism
volume
43
issue
6
pages
698 - 705
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000260381000017
  • pmid:18593864
  • scopus:55149094990
ISSN
1464-3502
DOI
10.1093/alcalc/agn055
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d88b4c47-302c-474f-998d-e5da87ddf729 (old id 1284047)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18593864?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2009-02-09 10:25:27
date last changed
2017-07-23 03:50:34
@article{d88b4c47-302c-474f-998d-e5da87ddf729,
  abstract     = {Aims: The aim of the study was to compare alcohol use, consequences and common risk factors between American and Swedish college students. Methods: A secondary comparative analysis from one American and two Swedish studies in college settings. Results: Swedish freshmen report higher alcohol use than US freshmen students. Swedish residence hall students report higher alcohol use than US residence hall students, but lower than American fraternity/sorority members. US students were less likely to be drinkers. Controlling for age, country moderated the relationship between family history and harmful drinking scores for women (stronger in the USA), and between expectancies and harmful drinking scores for men (stronger in Sweden), though in both cases this represented a small effect and patterns were similar overall. Conclusions: Swedish students are at higher risk for alcohol use than US students, but similar patterns between aetiological predictors and outcomes in both countries suggest that research from the USA is generalizable to Swedish students and vice versa. More research is needed to better understand unique relationships associated with age and family history.},
  author       = {Ståhlbrandt, Henrietta and Andersson, Claes and Johnsson, Kent and Tollison, Sean J. and Berglund, Mats and Larimer, Mary E.},
  issn         = {1464-3502},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {698--705},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {Alcohol and Alcoholism},
  title        = {Cross-Cultural Patterns in College Student Drinking and its Consequences - A Comparison between the USA and Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agn055},
  volume       = {43},
  year         = {2008},
}