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Enzyme-aided investigation of the substituent distribution in cationic potato amylopectin starch

Richardson, Sara LU ; Nilsson, Gunilla; Cohen, Arieh LU ; Momcilovic, Dane LU ; Brinkmalm, Gunnar and Gorton, Lo LU (2003) In Analytical Chemistry 75(23). p.6499-6508
Abstract
The distribution of substituents along the polymer chain in cationic potato amylopectin starch, modified in solution, granular slurry, or dry state, was investigated. The starch derivatives were successively hydrolyzed by different enzymes, followed by characterization of the hydrolysis products obtained by means of electrospray mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). ESI-MS and MALDI-MS were proved to be appropriate techniques for identification of the substituted hydrolysis products, for which there are no standard compounds available. No highly substituted oligomers were found in the hydrolysates, which was taken as an indication of a more or less homogeneous distribution... (More)
The distribution of substituents along the polymer chain in cationic potato amylopectin starch, modified in solution, granular slurry, or dry state, was investigated. The starch derivatives were successively hydrolyzed by different enzymes, followed by characterization of the hydrolysis products obtained by means of electrospray mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). ESI-MS and MALDI-MS were proved to be appropriate techniques for identification of the substituted hydrolysis products, for which there are no standard compounds available. No highly substituted oligomers were found in the hydrolysates, which was taken as an indication of a more or less homogeneous distribution of cationic groups in the amylopectin molecules. Furthermore, from the results obtained it was suggested that the enzymes cleave glucosidic linkages only between unsubstituted glucose units and, preferentially, linkages in sequences containing more than two adjacent unsubstituted units. The determination of the amount of unsubstituted glucose produced from every successive hydrolysis step revealed slight differences between the different starch samples with respect to the homogeneity of the substitution pattern. Among the three samples under investigation, starch cationized in solution was found to have the most and dry-cationized starch the least homogeneous distribution of substituents. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Analytical Chemistry
volume
75
issue
23
pages
6499 - 6508
publisher
The American Chemical Society
external identifiers
  • pmid:14640720
  • wos:000186986000022
  • scopus:0344737996
ISSN
1520-6882
DOI
10.1021/ac0300688
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3f926fd9-49b3-4478-8cc4-7ce389e47d47 (old id 128984)
date added to LUP
2007-06-27 14:16:58
date last changed
2018-02-18 03:46:55
@article{3f926fd9-49b3-4478-8cc4-7ce389e47d47,
  abstract     = {The distribution of substituents along the polymer chain in cationic potato amylopectin starch, modified in solution, granular slurry, or dry state, was investigated. The starch derivatives were successively hydrolyzed by different enzymes, followed by characterization of the hydrolysis products obtained by means of electrospray mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). ESI-MS and MALDI-MS were proved to be appropriate techniques for identification of the substituted hydrolysis products, for which there are no standard compounds available. No highly substituted oligomers were found in the hydrolysates, which was taken as an indication of a more or less homogeneous distribution of cationic groups in the amylopectin molecules. Furthermore, from the results obtained it was suggested that the enzymes cleave glucosidic linkages only between unsubstituted glucose units and, preferentially, linkages in sequences containing more than two adjacent unsubstituted units. The determination of the amount of unsubstituted glucose produced from every successive hydrolysis step revealed slight differences between the different starch samples with respect to the homogeneity of the substitution pattern. Among the three samples under investigation, starch cationized in solution was found to have the most and dry-cationized starch the least homogeneous distribution of substituents.},
  author       = {Richardson, Sara and Nilsson, Gunilla and Cohen, Arieh and Momcilovic, Dane and Brinkmalm, Gunnar and Gorton, Lo},
  issn         = {1520-6882},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {23},
  pages        = {6499--6508},
  publisher    = {The American Chemical Society},
  series       = {Analytical Chemistry},
  title        = {Enzyme-aided investigation of the substituent distribution in cationic potato amylopectin starch},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac0300688},
  volume       = {75},
  year         = {2003},
}