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Medicine self-poisoning and the sources of the drugs in Lund, Sweden

Alsén, Margot LU ; Ekedahl, Anders LU ; Löwenhielm, Peter LU ; Niméus, Anders LU ; Regnell, G and Träskman Bendz, Lil LU (1994) In Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 89(4). p.255-261
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of toxic agents in attempted and completed suicides. The purpose was also to explore the sources of the drugs taken by suicide attempters. Verbal information on drug intake was collected from 280 suicide attempters during 1987-1990 in the Lund-Orup catchment area. Information on the sources of the drugs was collected from 143 of these attempters. The study also includes toxicological screening from 73 fatal poisonings in southern Sweden during 1989. According to verbal information, the most common drugs used by suicide attempters were benzodiazepines (51%), analgesics (29%) and antidepressants (20%). In suicide attempters, diazepam and levomepromazine were reported more than... (More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of toxic agents in attempted and completed suicides. The purpose was also to explore the sources of the drugs taken by suicide attempters. Verbal information on drug intake was collected from 280 suicide attempters during 1987-1990 in the Lund-Orup catchment area. Information on the sources of the drugs was collected from 143 of these attempters. The study also includes toxicological screening from 73 fatal poisonings in southern Sweden during 1989. According to verbal information, the most common drugs used by suicide attempters were benzodiazepines (51%), analgesics (29%) and antidepressants (20%). In suicide attempters, diazepam and levomepromazine were reported more than expected from prescription data. Toxicological screenings of fatal poisonings showed that benzodiazepines were most common (55%), followed by analgesics (38%), mainly propoxyphene (29%) and antidepressants (30%), mainly amitriptyline (22%). Amitriptyline and diazepam were more commonly detected in completed suicides than expected from prescription data. The most common sources of drugs to attempted suicides were physicians, and especially psychiatrists. We therefore conclude that continuous information to physicians on drug overdose is important, and it is also important to introduce alternative strategies to prevent suicidal behaviour. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
volume
89
issue
4
pages
255 - 261
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:0028218899
ISSN
1600-0447
DOI
10.1111/j.1600-0447.1994.tb01510.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fac83334-0f7b-48ef-8bba-1de11823fc99 (old id 1296303)
date added to LUP
2009-07-31 14:23:45
date last changed
2017-06-25 04:17:50
@article{fac83334-0f7b-48ef-8bba-1de11823fc99,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of toxic agents in attempted and completed suicides. The purpose was also to explore the sources of the drugs taken by suicide attempters. Verbal information on drug intake was collected from 280 suicide attempters during 1987-1990 in the Lund-Orup catchment area. Information on the sources of the drugs was collected from 143 of these attempters. The study also includes toxicological screening from 73 fatal poisonings in southern Sweden during 1989. According to verbal information, the most common drugs used by suicide attempters were benzodiazepines (51%), analgesics (29%) and antidepressants (20%). In suicide attempters, diazepam and levomepromazine were reported more than expected from prescription data. Toxicological screenings of fatal poisonings showed that benzodiazepines were most common (55%), followed by analgesics (38%), mainly propoxyphene (29%) and antidepressants (30%), mainly amitriptyline (22%). Amitriptyline and diazepam were more commonly detected in completed suicides than expected from prescription data. The most common sources of drugs to attempted suicides were physicians, and especially psychiatrists. We therefore conclude that continuous information to physicians on drug overdose is important, and it is also important to introduce alternative strategies to prevent suicidal behaviour.},
  author       = {Alsén, Margot and Ekedahl, Anders and Löwenhielm, Peter and Niméus, Anders and Regnell, G and Träskman Bendz, Lil},
  issn         = {1600-0447},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {255--261},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica},
  title        = {Medicine self-poisoning and the sources of the drugs in Lund, Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.1994.tb01510.x},
  volume       = {89},
  year         = {1994},
}