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Covariance of breast cancer incidence with smoking-, oestrogen- and diet-related cancers in pre- and postmenopausal women in Sweden

Manjer, Jonas LU and Janzon, Lars LU (1999) In Medical Hypotheses 52(6). p.561-568
Abstract
Effects of smoking on breast cancer risk remains controversial. Tar products have been claimed to increase risk, antioestrogenic effects to reduce risk. Another possibility is that associations to smoking have been confounded by diet. The increasing incidence of breast cancer from 1960 to 1994 in Sweden is parallel to that of lung cancer and the increasing proportion of female smokers. The incidence of endometrial and colon cancer was in premenopausal women negatively and in postmenopausal women positively related to the incidence of breast cancer. Possible explanations and hypotheses to the different co-variance between breast cancer and lung, endometrial and colon cancer in pre- and postmenopausal women are discussed from the... (More)
Effects of smoking on breast cancer risk remains controversial. Tar products have been claimed to increase risk, antioestrogenic effects to reduce risk. Another possibility is that associations to smoking have been confounded by diet. The increasing incidence of breast cancer from 1960 to 1994 in Sweden is parallel to that of lung cancer and the increasing proportion of female smokers. The incidence of endometrial and colon cancer was in premenopausal women negatively and in postmenopausal women positively related to the incidence of breast cancer. Possible explanations and hypotheses to the different co-variance between breast cancer and lung, endometrial and colon cancer in pre- and postmenopausal women are discussed from the perspectives of smoking, sex hormones and diet. It is concluded that the strong and specific positive relationship between breast and lung cancer in premenopausal women is compatible with the hypothesis that aromatic hydrocarbons may be involved in the causation of disease. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Medical Hypotheses
volume
52
issue
6
pages
561 - 568
publisher
Churchill Livingstone
external identifiers
  • scopus:0033062740
ISSN
1532-2777
DOI
10.1054/mehy.1997.0694
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
79857a8f-8172-4b21-8958-476eb514cc7f (old id 1296703)
date added to LUP
2009-07-30 15:14:52
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:06:22
@article{79857a8f-8172-4b21-8958-476eb514cc7f,
  abstract     = {Effects of smoking on breast cancer risk remains controversial. Tar products have been claimed to increase risk, antioestrogenic effects to reduce risk. Another possibility is that associations to smoking have been confounded by diet. The increasing incidence of breast cancer from 1960 to 1994 in Sweden is parallel to that of lung cancer and the increasing proportion of female smokers. The incidence of endometrial and colon cancer was in premenopausal women negatively and in postmenopausal women positively related to the incidence of breast cancer. Possible explanations and hypotheses to the different co-variance between breast cancer and lung, endometrial and colon cancer in pre- and postmenopausal women are discussed from the perspectives of smoking, sex hormones and diet. It is concluded that the strong and specific positive relationship between breast and lung cancer in premenopausal women is compatible with the hypothesis that aromatic hydrocarbons may be involved in the causation of disease.},
  author       = {Manjer, Jonas and Janzon, Lars},
  issn         = {1532-2777},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {561--568},
  publisher    = {Churchill Livingstone},
  series       = {Medical Hypotheses},
  title        = {Covariance of breast cancer incidence with smoking-, oestrogen- and diet-related cancers in pre- and postmenopausal women in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1054/mehy.1997.0694},
  volume       = {52},
  year         = {1999},
}