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Dissuasive exit signage for building fire evacuation

Olander, Joakim; Ronchi, Enrico LU ; Lovreglio, Ruggiero LU and Nilsson, Daniel LU (2017) In Applied Ergonomics 59 (Part A). p.84-93
Abstract
This work presents the result of a questionnaire study which investigates the design of dissuasive emergency signage, i.e. signage conveying a message of not utilizing a specific exit door. The work analyses and tests a set of key features of dissuasive emergency signage using the Theory of Affordances. The variables having the largest impact on observer preference, interpretation and noticeability of the signage have been identified. Results show that features which clearly negate the exit-message of the original positive exit signage are most effective, for instance a red X-marking placed across the entirety of the exit signage conveys a clear dissuasive message. Other features of note are red flashing lights and alternation of colour.... (More)
This work presents the result of a questionnaire study which investigates the design of dissuasive emergency signage, i.e. signage conveying a message of not utilizing a specific exit door. The work analyses and tests a set of key features of dissuasive emergency signage using the Theory of Affordances. The variables having the largest impact on observer preference, interpretation and noticeability of the signage have been identified. Results show that features which clearly negate the exit-message of the original positive exit signage are most effective, for instance a red X-marking placed across the entirety of the exit signage conveys a clear dissuasive message. Other features of note are red flashing lights and alternation of colour. The sense of urgency conveyed by the sign is largely affected by sensory inputs such as red flashing lights or other features which cause the signs to break the tendencies of normalcy. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Dissuasive, Emergency signage, Exit sign, Paired comparison, Evacuation, Dynamic signage, Route choice, Risk perception, urgency
in
Applied Ergonomics
volume
59
issue
Part A
pages
84 - 93
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:84986254031
ISSN
1872-9126
DOI
10.1016/j.apergo.2016.08.029
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
12a6cd09-a7bd-48c5-a515-b0603b73f91f
date added to LUP
2016-09-09 16:28:53
date last changed
2017-01-01 08:33:44
@article{12a6cd09-a7bd-48c5-a515-b0603b73f91f,
  abstract     = {This work presents the result of a questionnaire study which investigates the design of dissuasive emergency signage, i.e. signage conveying a message of not utilizing a specific exit door. The work analyses and tests a set of key features of dissuasive emergency signage using the Theory of Affordances. The variables having the largest impact on observer preference, interpretation and noticeability of the signage have been identified. Results show that features which clearly negate the exit-message of the original positive exit signage are most effective, for instance a red X-marking placed across the entirety of the exit signage conveys a clear dissuasive message. Other features of note are red flashing lights and alternation of colour. The sense of urgency conveyed by the sign is largely affected by sensory inputs such as red flashing lights or other features which cause the signs to break the tendencies of normalcy.},
  author       = {Olander, Joakim and Ronchi, Enrico and Lovreglio, Ruggiero and Nilsson, Daniel},
  issn         = {1872-9126},
  keyword      = {Dissuasive,Emergency signage,Exit sign,Paired comparison,Evacuation,Dynamic signage,Route choice,Risk perception,urgency},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {Part A},
  pages        = {84--93},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Applied Ergonomics},
  title        = {Dissuasive exit signage for building fire evacuation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2016.08.029},
  volume       = {59 },
  year         = {2017},
}