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Tissue viscoelasticity is related to tissue composition but may not fully predict the apparent-level viscoelasticity in human trabecular bone – An experimental and finite element study

Ojanen, X.; Tanska, P.; Malo, M. K.H.; Isaksson, H. LU ; Väänänen, S. P.; Koistinen, A. P.; Grassi, L. LU ; Magnusson, S. P.; Ribel-Madsen, S. M. and Korhonen, R. K., et al. (2017) In Journal of Biomechanics 65. p.96-105
Abstract

Trabecular bone is viscoelastic under dynamic loading. However, it is unclear how tissue viscoelasticity controls viscoelasticity at the apparent-level. In this study, viscoelasticity of cylindrical human trabecular bone samples (n = 11, male, age 18–78 years) from 11 proximal femurs were characterized using dynamic and stress-relaxation testing at the apparent-level and with creep nanoindentation at the tissue-level. In addition, bone tissue elasticity was determined using scanning acoustic microscope (SAM). Tissue composition and collagen crosslinks were assessed using Raman micro-spectroscopy and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), respectively. Values of material parameters were obtained from finite element (FE) models by... (More)

Trabecular bone is viscoelastic under dynamic loading. However, it is unclear how tissue viscoelasticity controls viscoelasticity at the apparent-level. In this study, viscoelasticity of cylindrical human trabecular bone samples (n = 11, male, age 18–78 years) from 11 proximal femurs were characterized using dynamic and stress-relaxation testing at the apparent-level and with creep nanoindentation at the tissue-level. In addition, bone tissue elasticity was determined using scanning acoustic microscope (SAM). Tissue composition and collagen crosslinks were assessed using Raman micro-spectroscopy and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), respectively. Values of material parameters were obtained from finite element (FE) models by optimizing tissue-level creep and apparent-level stress-relaxation to experimental nanoindentation and unconfined compression testing values, respectively, utilizing the second order Prony series to depict viscoelasticity. FE simulations showed that tissue-level equilibrium elastic modulus (Eeq) increased with increasing crystallinity (r = 0.730, p =.011) while at the apparent-level it increased with increasing hydroxylysyl pyridinoline content (r = 0.718, p =.019). In addition, the normalized shear modulus g1 (r = −0.780, p =.005) decreased with increasing collagen ratio (amide III/CH2) at the tissue-level, but increased (r = 0.696, p =.025) with increasing collagen ratio at the apparent-level. No significant relations were found between the measured or simulated viscoelastic parameters at the tissue- and apparent-levels nor were the parameters related to tissue elasticity determined with SAM. However, only Eeq, g2 and relaxation time τ1 from simulated viscoelastic values were statistically different between tissue- and apparent-levels (p <.01). These findings indicate that bone tissue viscoelasticity is affected by tissue composition but may not fully predict the macroscale viscoelasticity in human trabecular bone.

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publication status
published
subject
keywords
Collagen crosslink, Composition, Finite element modeling, Trabecular bone, Viscoelasticity
in
Journal of Biomechanics
volume
65
pages
10 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85032936687
  • wos:000417665400011
ISSN
0021-9290
DOI
10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.10.002
language
English
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yes
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12ffe96f-a6aa-4ca8-92db-cfd5e6a0bd15
date added to LUP
2017-12-12 07:11:23
date last changed
2018-01-16 13:27:29
@article{12ffe96f-a6aa-4ca8-92db-cfd5e6a0bd15,
  abstract     = {<p>Trabecular bone is viscoelastic under dynamic loading. However, it is unclear how tissue viscoelasticity controls viscoelasticity at the apparent-level. In this study, viscoelasticity of cylindrical human trabecular bone samples (n = 11, male, age 18–78 years) from 11 proximal femurs were characterized using dynamic and stress-relaxation testing at the apparent-level and with creep nanoindentation at the tissue-level. In addition, bone tissue elasticity was determined using scanning acoustic microscope (SAM). Tissue composition and collagen crosslinks were assessed using Raman micro-spectroscopy and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), respectively. Values of material parameters were obtained from finite element (FE) models by optimizing tissue-level creep and apparent-level stress-relaxation to experimental nanoindentation and unconfined compression testing values, respectively, utilizing the second order Prony series to depict viscoelasticity. FE simulations showed that tissue-level equilibrium elastic modulus (E<sub>eq</sub>) increased with increasing crystallinity (r = 0.730, p =.011) while at the apparent-level it increased with increasing hydroxylysyl pyridinoline content (r = 0.718, p =.019). In addition, the normalized shear modulus g<sub>1</sub> (r = −0.780, p =.005) decreased with increasing collagen ratio (amide III/CH<sub>2</sub>) at the tissue-level, but increased (r = 0.696, p =.025) with increasing collagen ratio at the apparent-level. No significant relations were found between the measured or simulated viscoelastic parameters at the tissue- and apparent-levels nor were the parameters related to tissue elasticity determined with SAM. However, only E<sub>eq</sub>, g<sub>2</sub> and relaxation time τ<sub>1</sub> from simulated viscoelastic values were statistically different between tissue- and apparent-levels (p &lt;.01). These findings indicate that bone tissue viscoelasticity is affected by tissue composition but may not fully predict the macroscale viscoelasticity in human trabecular bone.</p>},
  author       = {Ojanen, X. and Tanska, P. and Malo, M. K.H. and Isaksson, H. and Väänänen, S. P. and Koistinen, A. P. and Grassi, L. and Magnusson, S. P. and Ribel-Madsen, S. M. and Korhonen, R. K. and Jurvelin, J. S. and Töyräs, J.},
  issn         = {0021-9290},
  keyword      = {Collagen crosslink,Composition,Finite element modeling,Trabecular bone,Viscoelasticity},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  pages        = {96--105},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Biomechanics},
  title        = {Tissue viscoelasticity is related to tissue composition but may not fully predict the apparent-level viscoelasticity in human trabecular bone – An experimental and finite element study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.10.002},
  volume       = {65},
  year         = {2017},
}