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Social influence during the initial phase of a fire evacuation-Analysis of evacuation experiments in a cinema theatre

Nilsson, Daniel LU and Johansson, Anders (2009) In Fire Safety Journal 44(1). p.71-79
Abstract
Unannounced evacuation experiments in a cinema theatre were analysed. The analysis focused on investigating if people are influenced by others during the initial phase of a fire evacuation. This type of influence is called social influence. Three separate behaviour types were identified and studied and the recognition and pre-movement time was measured. The results suggest that social influence is an important factor and that it becomes more important when the fire cue, e.g., the alarm, is unclear or uninformative. Results also indicate that social influence increases with decreasing distance between visitors. This result implies that individuals are influenced more by people who are close than by people who are further away. (C) 2008... (More)
Unannounced evacuation experiments in a cinema theatre were analysed. The analysis focused on investigating if people are influenced by others during the initial phase of a fire evacuation. This type of influence is called social influence. Three separate behaviour types were identified and studied and the recognition and pre-movement time was measured. The results suggest that social influence is an important factor and that it becomes more important when the fire cue, e.g., the alarm, is unclear or uninformative. Results also indicate that social influence increases with decreasing distance between visitors. This result implies that individuals are influenced more by people who are close than by people who are further away. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
time, Pre-movement, Recognition time, Evacuation experiment, Social influence
in
Fire Safety Journal
volume
44
issue
1
pages
71 - 79
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000262207100006
  • scopus:55949105796
ISSN
0379-7112
DOI
10.1016/j.firesaf.2008.03.008
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
51030778-ac28-429b-9f64-ac1ce22ab273 (old id 1313396)
date added to LUP
2009-03-10 08:55:09
date last changed
2017-10-22 04:12:36
@article{51030778-ac28-429b-9f64-ac1ce22ab273,
  abstract     = {Unannounced evacuation experiments in a cinema theatre were analysed. The analysis focused on investigating if people are influenced by others during the initial phase of a fire evacuation. This type of influence is called social influence. Three separate behaviour types were identified and studied and the recognition and pre-movement time was measured. The results suggest that social influence is an important factor and that it becomes more important when the fire cue, e.g., the alarm, is unclear or uninformative. Results also indicate that social influence increases with decreasing distance between visitors. This result implies that individuals are influenced more by people who are close than by people who are further away. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Nilsson, Daniel and Johansson, Anders},
  issn         = {0379-7112},
  keyword      = {time,Pre-movement,Recognition time,Evacuation experiment,Social influence},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {71--79},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Fire Safety Journal},
  title        = {Social influence during the initial phase of a fire evacuation-Analysis of evacuation experiments in a cinema theatre},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2008.03.008},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2009},
}