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How could the fire fatalities have been prevented? An analysis of 144 cases during 2011-2014 in Sweden : An analysis

Runefors, Marcus LU ; Johansson, Nils LU and Van Hees, Patrick LU (2016) In Journal of Fire Sciences 34(6). p.515-527
Abstract

Approximately 80%-90% of all fire-related fatalities take place in residential occupancies. The risk groups are well known, but the effectiveness of different measures has been less investigated. In this article, fire investigations from 144 unintentional fatal residential fires have been systematically analyzed and technical measures that would have been effective in preventing each fatality have been identified. The result shows that, generally, a thermally activated suppression system (e.g. sprinkler) has the highest potential effectiveness (68%) followed by a detector-activated system in bedroom and living room (59%) or smoke alarm (37%). For smokers with home care, however, the potential effectiveness of a thermally activated... (More)

Approximately 80%-90% of all fire-related fatalities take place in residential occupancies. The risk groups are well known, but the effectiveness of different measures has been less investigated. In this article, fire investigations from 144 unintentional fatal residential fires have been systematically analyzed and technical measures that would have been effective in preventing each fatality have been identified. The result shows that, generally, a thermally activated suppression system (e.g. sprinkler) has the highest potential effectiveness (68%) followed by a detector-activated system in bedroom and living room (59%) or smoke alarm (37%). For smokers with home care, however, the potential effectiveness of a thermally activated suppression system and home smoke alarm was significantly lower (31% and 14%, respectively). This indicates that different measures are effective for different groups. In one-fifth of the cases, the victim could have evacuated but chose not to do so, primarily to attempt to extinguish the fire.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Fatal fires, fire investigation, fire prevention, residential fires, smoke alarm, sprinklers
in
Journal of Fire Sciences
volume
34
issue
6
pages
13 pages
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
external identifiers
  • scopus:84994166853
  • wos:000387316700004
ISSN
0734-9041
DOI
10.1177/0734904116667962
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1361241c-b70f-4b01-9933-cf726b5986f4
date added to LUP
2016-11-21 09:21:50
date last changed
2017-08-13 05:00:37
@article{1361241c-b70f-4b01-9933-cf726b5986f4,
  abstract     = {<p>Approximately 80%-90% of all fire-related fatalities take place in residential occupancies. The risk groups are well known, but the effectiveness of different measures has been less investigated. In this article, fire investigations from 144 unintentional fatal residential fires have been systematically analyzed and technical measures that would have been effective in preventing each fatality have been identified. The result shows that, generally, a thermally activated suppression system (e.g. sprinkler) has the highest potential effectiveness (68%) followed by a detector-activated system in bedroom and living room (59%) or smoke alarm (37%). For smokers with home care, however, the potential effectiveness of a thermally activated suppression system and home smoke alarm was significantly lower (31% and 14%, respectively). This indicates that different measures are effective for different groups. In one-fifth of the cases, the victim could have evacuated but chose not to do so, primarily to attempt to extinguish the fire.</p>},
  author       = {Runefors, Marcus and Johansson, Nils and Van Hees, Patrick},
  issn         = {0734-9041},
  keyword      = {Fatal fires,fire investigation,fire prevention,residential fires,smoke alarm,sprinklers},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {11},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {515--527},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {Journal of Fire Sciences},
  title        = {How could the fire fatalities have been prevented? An analysis of 144 cases during 2011-2014 in Sweden : An analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0734904116667962},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2016},
}