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Ar-40/Ar-39 hornblende geochronology from the Forsmark area in central Sweden : constraints on late Svecofennian cooling, ductile deformation and exhumation

Hermansson, Tobias LU ; Stephens, Michael B. and Page, Laurence LU (2008) In Precambrian Research 167(3-4). p.303-315
Abstract
At Forsmark, ca. 120 km north of Stockholm in central Sweden, ductile high-strain belts with WNW to NW trend anastomose around tectonic lenses with an inferred lower degree of ductile strain. Previous studies of ductile deformation zones with WNW to NW trend, elsewhere in the western part of the Svecofennian orogen in central Sweden, have yielded estimates for the timing of at least one phase of discrete ductile deformation that fall in the time interval 1.82-1.78 Ga. Most of these ages were determined by the U/Pb dating of titanite and, for this reason, provide no information on the thermal evolution. In this paper, we make use of Ar-40/Ar-39 hornblende geochronology to address late Svecofennian cooling, ductile deformation and... (More)
At Forsmark, ca. 120 km north of Stockholm in central Sweden, ductile high-strain belts with WNW to NW trend anastomose around tectonic lenses with an inferred lower degree of ductile strain. Previous studies of ductile deformation zones with WNW to NW trend, elsewhere in the western part of the Svecofennian orogen in central Sweden, have yielded estimates for the timing of at least one phase of discrete ductile deformation that fall in the time interval 1.82-1.78 Ga. Most of these ages were determined by the U/Pb dating of titanite and, for this reason, provide no information on the thermal evolution. In this paper, we make use of Ar-40/Ar-39 hornblende geochronology to address late Svecofennian cooling, ductile deformation and exhumation. The data demonstrate the presence of three Ar-40/Ar-39 hornblende age generations. All ages have been adjusted to take account of ca. 1% systematic bias between Ar-40/Ar-39 and U/Pb ages recently reported in the literature. The oldest age, ca. 1.87 Ga, and the intermediate age generation, 1.85-1.84 Ga, are spatially restricted to the tectonic lenses. By contrast, the youngest age generation, 1.83-1.81 Ga, occurs both within the tectonic lenses and the enveloping high-strain belts. one explanation for the structurally controlled age distribution involves regional cooling beneath the closure temperature for argon isotopic mobility around or above 500 degrees C by 1.84 Ga, as represented in the oldest and intermediate age generations, followed by resetting of the argon isotope system in hornblende between 1.83 and 1.81 Ga, as represented in the youngest age generation. This resetting occurred in response to retrograde, lower amphibolite- to upper greenschist-facies deformation along discrete high-strain zones within the broader high-strain belts and was associated with regional exhumation. An alternative explanation involves no resetting of the ages. Instead, it is suggested that a period of slow cooling of hornblendes with slightly different closure temperatures, from ca. 1.87 to 1.82 Ga, may have caused the age variation observed within the tectonic lenses, whereas locally maintained higher temperatures, due to activity along the discrete high-strain zones, can explain the consistently younger ages in the broad, enveloping high-strain belts. In this explanation, an increase in cooling rate, in response to regional exhumation, finally closed the argon isotope system in hornblende throughout the area at 1.83-1.81 Ga. It is suggested that the regional exhumation at 1.83-1.81 Ga, which is included in both explanations, is related to far-field effects of the deformation that ended an accretionary tectonic cycle in adjacent tectonic domains. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Tectonic, cycles, Ductile deformation, Cooling, Argon, Forsmark, Svecofennian
in
Precambrian Research
volume
167
issue
3-4
pages
303 - 315
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000261719500005
  • scopus:55949116358
ISSN
0301-9268
DOI
10.1016/j.precamres.2008.09.003
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3aaa3ce5-d55e-444a-96f3-a783c4b0e321 (old id 1377562)
date added to LUP
2009-04-24 10:36:58
date last changed
2017-04-09 03:33:26
@article{3aaa3ce5-d55e-444a-96f3-a783c4b0e321,
  abstract     = {At Forsmark, ca. 120 km north of Stockholm in central Sweden, ductile high-strain belts with WNW to NW trend anastomose around tectonic lenses with an inferred lower degree of ductile strain. Previous studies of ductile deformation zones with WNW to NW trend, elsewhere in the western part of the Svecofennian orogen in central Sweden, have yielded estimates for the timing of at least one phase of discrete ductile deformation that fall in the time interval 1.82-1.78 Ga. Most of these ages were determined by the U/Pb dating of titanite and, for this reason, provide no information on the thermal evolution. In this paper, we make use of Ar-40/Ar-39 hornblende geochronology to address late Svecofennian cooling, ductile deformation and exhumation. The data demonstrate the presence of three Ar-40/Ar-39 hornblende age generations. All ages have been adjusted to take account of ca. 1% systematic bias between Ar-40/Ar-39 and U/Pb ages recently reported in the literature. The oldest age, ca. 1.87 Ga, and the intermediate age generation, 1.85-1.84 Ga, are spatially restricted to the tectonic lenses. By contrast, the youngest age generation, 1.83-1.81 Ga, occurs both within the tectonic lenses and the enveloping high-strain belts. one explanation for the structurally controlled age distribution involves regional cooling beneath the closure temperature for argon isotopic mobility around or above 500 degrees C by 1.84 Ga, as represented in the oldest and intermediate age generations, followed by resetting of the argon isotope system in hornblende between 1.83 and 1.81 Ga, as represented in the youngest age generation. This resetting occurred in response to retrograde, lower amphibolite- to upper greenschist-facies deformation along discrete high-strain zones within the broader high-strain belts and was associated with regional exhumation. An alternative explanation involves no resetting of the ages. Instead, it is suggested that a period of slow cooling of hornblendes with slightly different closure temperatures, from ca. 1.87 to 1.82 Ga, may have caused the age variation observed within the tectonic lenses, whereas locally maintained higher temperatures, due to activity along the discrete high-strain zones, can explain the consistently younger ages in the broad, enveloping high-strain belts. In this explanation, an increase in cooling rate, in response to regional exhumation, finally closed the argon isotope system in hornblende throughout the area at 1.83-1.81 Ga. It is suggested that the regional exhumation at 1.83-1.81 Ga, which is included in both explanations, is related to far-field effects of the deformation that ended an accretionary tectonic cycle in adjacent tectonic domains. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Hermansson, Tobias and Stephens, Michael B. and Page, Laurence},
  issn         = {0301-9268},
  keyword      = {Tectonic,cycles,Ductile deformation,Cooling,Argon,Forsmark,Svecofennian},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3-4},
  pages        = {303--315},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Precambrian Research},
  title        = {Ar-40/Ar-39 hornblende geochronology from the Forsmark area in central Sweden : constraints on late Svecofennian cooling, ductile deformation and exhumation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2008.09.003},
  volume       = {167},
  year         = {2008},
}