Advanced

The ALICE experiment at the CERN LHC

Aamodt, K.; Quintana, A. Abrahantes; Achenbach, R.; Acounis, S.; Adamova, D.; Adler, C.; Aggarwal, M.; Agnese, F.; Rinella, G. Aglieri and Ahammed, Z., et al. (2008) In Journal of Instrumentation 3(S08002).
Abstract
ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) is a general-purpose, heavy-ion detector at the CERN LHC which focuses on QCD, the strong-interaction sector of the Standard Model. It is designed to address the physics of strongly interacting matter and the quark-gluon plasma at extreme values of energy density and temperature in nucleus-nucleus collisions. Besides running with Pb ions, the physics programme includes collisions with lighter ions, lower energy running and dedicated proton-nucleus runs. ALICE will also take data with proton beams at the top LHC energy to collect reference data for the heavy-ion programme and to address several QCD topics for which ALICE is complementary to the other LHC detectors. The ALICE detector has been built by... (More)
ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) is a general-purpose, heavy-ion detector at the CERN LHC which focuses on QCD, the strong-interaction sector of the Standard Model. It is designed to address the physics of strongly interacting matter and the quark-gluon plasma at extreme values of energy density and temperature in nucleus-nucleus collisions. Besides running with Pb ions, the physics programme includes collisions with lighter ions, lower energy running and dedicated proton-nucleus runs. ALICE will also take data with proton beams at the top LHC energy to collect reference data for the heavy-ion programme and to address several QCD topics for which ALICE is complementary to the other LHC detectors. The ALICE detector has been built by a collaboration including currently over 1000 physicists and engineers from 105 Institutes in 30 countries, Its overall dimensions are 16 x 16 x 26 m(3) with a total weight of approximately 10 000 t. The experiment consists of 18 different detector systems each with its own specific technology choice and design constraints, driven both by the physics requirements and the experimental conditions expected at LHC. The most stringent design constraint is to cope with the extreme particle multiplicity anticipated in central Pb-Pb collisions. The different subsystems were optimized to provide high-momentum resolution as well as excellent Particle Identification (PID) over a broad range in momentum, up to the highest multiplicities predicted for LHC. This will allow for comprehensive studies of hadrons, electrons, muons, and photons produced in the collision of heavy nuclei. Most detector systems are scheduled to be installed and ready for data taking by mid-2008 when the LHC is scheduled to start operation, with the exception of parts of the Photon Spectrometer (PHOS), Transition Radiation Detector (TRD) and Electro Magnetic Calorimeter (EMCal). These detectors will be completed for the high-luminosity ion run expected in 2010. This paper describes in detail the detector components as installed for the first data taking in the summer of 2008. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
, et al. (More)
(Less)
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Pattern recognition, Simulation methods and programs, calibration and fitting methods, Software architectures, Detector, alignment and calibration methods, Detector cooling and, thermo-stabilization, Detector design and construction technologies and, materials, Detector grounding, Manufacturing, Overall mechanics design, Special cables, Voltage distributions, cluster finding, Data reduction methods, methods, Computing, Data processing methods, Analysis and statistical, Transition radiation detectors, detectors, Timing, Time projection chambers, Spectrometers, visible, and IR photons, Photon detectors for UV, Particle tracking detectors, Particle identification, systems for particle and astroparticle physics, Instrumentation for, Instrumentation for heavy-ion accelerators, particle accelerators and storage rings - high energy, Cherenkov and, transition radiation, Photon, Liquid detectors, Gaseous detectors, detectors for UV, visible and IR photons, scintillation, Scintillators, and light emission processes, Cherenkov detectors, Calorimeters, Solid state detectors, Large detector, dE/dx detectors, Gamma detectors
in
Journal of Instrumentation
volume
3
issue
S08002
publisher
IOP Publishing
external identifiers
  • wos:000258875900009
  • scopus:68049148643
ISSN
1748-0221
DOI
10.1088/1748-0221/3/08/S08002
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6aaa6b6a-0e6b-42c9-bbe9-4226e987ad21 (old id 1379732)
date added to LUP
2009-07-27 13:50:36
date last changed
2017-11-05 04:17:21
@article{6aaa6b6a-0e6b-42c9-bbe9-4226e987ad21,
  abstract     = {ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) is a general-purpose, heavy-ion detector at the CERN LHC which focuses on QCD, the strong-interaction sector of the Standard Model. It is designed to address the physics of strongly interacting matter and the quark-gluon plasma at extreme values of energy density and temperature in nucleus-nucleus collisions. Besides running with Pb ions, the physics programme includes collisions with lighter ions, lower energy running and dedicated proton-nucleus runs. ALICE will also take data with proton beams at the top LHC energy to collect reference data for the heavy-ion programme and to address several QCD topics for which ALICE is complementary to the other LHC detectors. The ALICE detector has been built by a collaboration including currently over 1000 physicists and engineers from 105 Institutes in 30 countries, Its overall dimensions are 16 x 16 x 26 m(3) with a total weight of approximately 10 000 t. The experiment consists of 18 different detector systems each with its own specific technology choice and design constraints, driven both by the physics requirements and the experimental conditions expected at LHC. The most stringent design constraint is to cope with the extreme particle multiplicity anticipated in central Pb-Pb collisions. The different subsystems were optimized to provide high-momentum resolution as well as excellent Particle Identification (PID) over a broad range in momentum, up to the highest multiplicities predicted for LHC. This will allow for comprehensive studies of hadrons, electrons, muons, and photons produced in the collision of heavy nuclei. Most detector systems are scheduled to be installed and ready for data taking by mid-2008 when the LHC is scheduled to start operation, with the exception of parts of the Photon Spectrometer (PHOS), Transition Radiation Detector (TRD) and Electro Magnetic Calorimeter (EMCal). These detectors will be completed for the high-luminosity ion run expected in 2010. This paper describes in detail the detector components as installed for the first data taking in the summer of 2008.},
  author       = {Aamodt, K. and Quintana, A. Abrahantes and Achenbach, R. and Acounis, S. and Adamova, D. and Adler, C. and Aggarwal, M. and Agnese, F. and Rinella, G. Aglieri and Ahammed, Z. and Ahmad, A. and Ahmad, N. and Ahmad, S. and Akindinov, A. and Akishin, P. and Aleksandrov, D. and Alessandro, B. and Alfaro, R. and Alfarone, G. and Alici, A. and Alme, J. and Alt, T. and Altinpinar, S. and Amend, W. and Andrei, C. and Andres, Y. and Andronic, A. and Anelli, G. and Anfreville, M. and Angelov, V. and Anzo, A. and Anson, C. and Anticic, T. and Antonenko, V. and Antonczyk, D. and Antinori, F. and Antinori, S. and Antonioli, P. and Aphecetche, L. and Appelshaeuser, H. and Aprodu, V. and Arba, M. and Arcelli, S. and Argentieri, A. and Armesto, N. and Arnaldi, R. and Arefiev, A. and Arsene, I. and Asryan, A. and Augustinus, A. and Awes, T. C. and Aeysto, J. and Azmi, M. Danish and Bablock, S. and Badala, A. and Badyal, S. K. and Baechler, J. and Bagnasco, S. and Bailhache, R. and Bala, R. and Baldisseri, A. and Baldit, A. and Ban, J. and Barbera, R. and Barberis, P. -L. and Barbet, J. M. and Barnaefoldi, G. and Barret, V. and Bartke, J. and Bartos, D. and Basile, M. and Basmanov, V. and Bastid, N. and Batigne, G. and Batyunya, B. and Baudot, J. and Baumann, C. and Bearden, I. and Becker, B. and Belikov, J. and Bellwied, R. and Belmont-Moreno, E. and Belogianni, A. and Belyaev, S. and Benato, A. and Beney, J. L. and Benhabib, L. and Benotto, F. and Beoe, S. and Berceanu, I. and Bercuci, A. and Berdermann, E. and Berdnikov, Y. and Bernard, C. and Berny, R. and Berst, J. D. and Bertelsen, H. and Betev, L. and Bhasin, A. and Baskar, P. and Bhati, A. and Bianchi, N. and Bielcik, J. and Bielcikova, J. and Bimbot, L. and Blanchard, G. and Blanco, F. and Blanco, F. and Blau, D. and Blume, C. and Blyth, S. and Boccioli, M. and Bogdanov, A. and Boggild, H. and Bogolyubsky, M. and Boldizsar, L. and Bombara, M. and Bombonati, C. and Bondila, M. and Bonnet, D. and Bonvicini, V. and Borel, H. and Borotto, F. and Borshchov, V. and Bortoli, Y. and Borysov, O. and Bose, S. and Bosisio, L. and Botje, M. and Boettger, S. and Bourdaud, G. and Bourrion, O. and Bouvier, S. and Braem, A. and Braun, M. and Braun-Munzinger, P. and Bravina, L. and Bregant, M. and Bruckner, G. and Brun, R. and Bruna, E. and Brunasso, O. and Bruno, G. E. and Bucher, D. and Budilov, V. and Budnikov, D. and Buesching, H. and Buncic, P. and Burns, M. and Burachas, S. and Busch, O. and Bushop, J. and Cai, X. and Caines, H. and Calaon, F. and Caldogno, M. and Cali, I. and Camerini, P. and Campagnolo, R. and Campbell, M. and Cao, X. and Capitani, G. P. and Romeo, G. Cara and Cardenas-Montes, M. and Carduner, H. and Carena, F. and Carena, W. and Cariola, P. and Carminati, F. and Casado, J. and Diaz, A. Casanova and Caselle, M. and Castellanos, J. Castillo and Castor, J. and Catanescu, V. and Cattaruzza, E. and Cavazza, D. and Cerello, P. and Ceresa, S. and Cerny, V. and Chambert, V. and Chapeland, S. and Charpy, A. and Charrier, D. and Chartoire, M. and Charvet, J. L. and Chattopadhyay, S. and Chattopadhyay, S. and Chepurnov, V. and Chernenko, S. and Cherney, M. and Cheshkov, C. and Cheynis, B. and Chochula, P. and Chiavassa, E. and Barroso, V. Chibante and Choi, J. and Christakoglou, P. and Christiansen, Peter and Christensen, C. and Chykalov, O. A. and Cicalo, C. and Cifarelli-Strolin, L. and Ciobanu, M. and Cindolo, F. and Cirstoiu, C. and Clausse, O. and Cleymans, J. and Cobanoglu, O. and Coffin, J. -P. and Coli, S. and Colla, A. and Colledani, C. and Combaret, C. and Combet, M. and Comets, M. and Balbastre, G. Conesa and del Valle, Z. Conesa and Contin, G. and Contreras, J. and Cormier, T. and Corsi, F. and Cortese, P. and Costa, F. and Crescio, E. and Crochet, P. and Cuautle, E. and Cussonneau, J. and Dahlinger, M. and Dainese, A. and Dalsgaard, H. H. and Daniel, L. and Das, I. and Das, T. and Dash, A. and Da Silva, R. and Davenport, M. and Daues, H. and De Caro, A. and de Cataldo, G. and De Cuveland, J. and De Falco, A. and de Gaspari, M. and de Girolamo, P. and de Groot, J. and De Gruttola, D. and De Haas, A. and De Marco, N. and De Pasquale, S. and De Remigis, P. and de Vaux, D. and Decock, G. and Delagrange, H. and Del Franco, M. and Dellacasa, G. and Dell'Olio, C. and Dell'Olio, D. and Deloff, A. and Demanov, V. and Denes, E. and D'Erasmo, G. and Derkach, D. and Devaux, A. and Di Bari, D. and Di Bartelomen, A. and Di Giglio, C. and Di Liberto, S. and Di Mauro, A. and Di Nezza, P. and Dialinas, M. and Diaz, L. and Valdes, R. Diaz and Dietel, T. and Dima, R. and Ding, H. and Dinca, C. and Divia, R. and Dobretsov, V. and Dobrin, Alexandru and Doenigus, B. and Dobrowolski, T. and Dominguez, I. and Dorn, A. and Drouet, S. and Dubey, A. E. and Ducroux, L. and Dumitrache, F. and Dumonteil, E. and Dupieux, P. and Duta, V. and Majumdar, A. Dutta and Majumdar, M. Dutta and Dyhre, Th. and Efimov, L. and Efremov, A. and Elia, D. and Emschermann, D. and Engster, C. and Enokizono, A. and Espagnon, B. and Estienne, M. and Evangelista, A. and Evans, D. and Evrard, S. and Fabjan, C. W. and Fabrid, D. and Faivre, J. and Falchieri, D. and Fantoni, A. and Farano, R. and Fearick, R. and Fedorov, O. and Fekete, V. and Felea, D. and Feofilov, G. and Tellez, A. Fernandez and Ferretti, A. and Fichera, F. and Filchagin, S. and Filoni, E. and Finck, C. and Fini, R. and Fiore, E. M. and Flierl, D. and Floris, M. and Fodor, Z. and Foka, Y. and Fokin, S. and Force, P. and Formenti, F. and Fragiacomo, E. and Fragkiadakis, M. and Fraissard, D. and Franco, A. and Franco, M. and Frankenfeld, U. and Fratino, U. and Fresneau, S. and Frolov, A. and Fuchs, U. and Fujita, J. and Furget, C. and Furini, M. and Girard, M. Fusco and Gaardhoje, J. -J. and Gabrielli, A. and Gaido, L. and Torreira, A. Gallas and Gallio, M. and Gadrat, S. and Gagliard, M. and Gag, A. and Gandolfi, E. and Ganoti, P. and Ganti, M. and Garabatos, J. and Lopez, A. Garcia and Garizzo, L. and Gaudichet, L. and Gemme, R. and Germain, M. and Gheata, A. and Gheata, M. and Ghidini, B. and Ghosh, P. and Giolu, G. and Giraudo, G. and Giubellino, P. and Glasow, R. and Glaessel, P. and Ferreiro, E. G. and Gutierrez, C. Gonzalez and Gonzales-Trueba, L. H. and Gorbunov, S. and Gorbunov, Y. and Gos, H. and Gosset, J. and Gotovac, S. and Gottschlag, H. and Gottschalk, D. and Grabski, V. and Grassi, T. and Gray, H. and Grebenyuk, O. and Grebieszkow, K. and Gregory, C. and Grigoras, C. and Grion, N. and Grigoriev, V. and Grigoryan, A. and Grigoryan, C. and Grigoryan, S. and Grishuk, Y. and Gros, Philippe and Grosse-Oetringhaus, J. and Grossiord, J. -Y. and Grosso, R. and Grynyov, B. and Guarnaccia, C. and Guber, F. and Guerin, F. and Guernane, R. and Guerzoni, M. and Guichard, A. and Guida, A. and Guilloux, G. and Gulkanyan, H. and Gulbrandsen, K. and Gunji, T. and Gupta, A. and Gupta, V. and Gustafsson, Hans-Åke and Gutbrod, H. and Hadjidakis, C. and Haiduc, M. and Hamar, G. and Hamagaki, H. and Hamblen, J. and Hansen, J. C. and Hardy, P. and Hatzifotiadou, D. and Harris, J. W. and Hartig, M. and Harutyunyan, A. and Hayrapetyan, A. and Hasch, D. and Hasegan, D. and Hehner, J. and Heine, N. and Heinz, M. and Helstrup, H. and Herghelegiu, A. and Herlant, S. and Corral, G. Herrera and Herrmann, N. and Hetland, K. and Hille, P. and Hinke, H. and Hippolyte, B. and Hoch, M. and Hoebbel, H. and Hoedlmoser, H. and Horaguchi, T. and Horner, M. and Hristov, P. and Hrivnacova, I. and Hu, S. and Guo, C. Hu and Humanic, T. and Hurtado, A. and Hwang, D. S. and Ianigro, J. C. and Idzik, M. and Igolkin, S. and Ilkaev, R. and Ilkiv, I. and Imhoff, M. and Innocenti, P. G. and Ionescu, E. and Ippolitov, M. and Irfan, M. and Insa, C. and Inuzuka, M. and Ivan, C. and Ivanov, A. and Ivanov, M. and Ivanov, V. and Jacobs, P. and Jacholkowski, A. and Jancurova, L. and Janik, R. and Jasper, M. and Jena, C. and Jirden, L. and Johnson, D. P. and Jones, G. T. and Jorgensen, C. and Jouve, F. and Jovanovic, P. and Junique, A. and Jusko, A. and Jung, H. and Jung, W. and Kadija, K. and Kamal, A. and Kamermans, R. and Kapusta, S. and Kaidalov, A. and Kakoyan, V. and Kalcher, S. and Kang, E. and Kapitan, J. and Kaplin, V. and Karadzhev, K. and Karavichev, O. and Karavicheva, T. and Karpechev, E. and Karpio, K. and Kazantsev, A. and Kebschull, U. and Keidel, R. and Khan, M. Mohsin and Khanzadeev, A. and Kharlov, Y. and Kikola, D. and Kileng, B. and Kim, D. and Kim, D. S. and Kim, D. W. and Kim, H. N. and Kim, J. S. and Kim, S. and Kinson, J. B. and Kiprich, S. K. and Kisel, I. and Kiselev, S. and Kisiel, A. and Kiss, T. and Kiworra, V. and Klay, J. and Boesing, C. Klein and Kliemant, M. and Klimov, A. and Klovning, A. and Kluge, A. and Kluit, R. and Kniege, S. and Kolevatov, R. and Kollegger, T. and Kolojvari, A. and Kondratiev, V. and Kornas, E. and Koshurnikov, E. and Kotov, I. and Kour, R. and Kowalski, M. and Kox, S. and Kozlov, K. and Kralik, I. and Kramer, F. and Kraus, I. and Kravcakova, A. and Krawutschke, T. and Krivda, M. and Kryshen, E. and Kucheriaev, Y. and Kugler, A. and Kuhn, C. and Kuijer, P. and Kumar, L. and Kumar, N. and Kumpumaeki, P. and Kurepin, A. and Kurepin, A. N. and Kushpil, S. and Kushpil, V. and Kutovsky, M. and Kvaerno, H. and Kweon, M. and Labbe, J. -C. and Lackner, F. and de Guevara, P. Ladron and Lafage, V. and La Rocca, P. and Lamont, M. and Lara, C. and Larsen, D. T. and Laurenti, G. and Lazzeroni, C. and Le Bornec, Y. and Le Bris, N. and Le Gailliard, C. and Lebedev, V. and Lecoq, J. and Lee, K. S. and Lee, S. C. and Lefevre, F. and Legrand, I. and Lehmann, T. and Leistam, L. and Lenoir, P. and Lenti, V. and Leon, H. and Monzon, I. Leon and Levai, P. and Li, Q. and Li, X. and Librizzi, F. and Lietava, R. and Lindegaard, N. and Lindenstruth, V. and Lippmann, C. and Lisa, M. and Listratenko, O. M. and Littel, F. and Liu, Y. and Lo, J. and Lobanov, V. and Loginov, V. and Noriega, M. Lopez and Lopez-Ramirez, R. and Torres, E. Lopez and Lorenzo, P. M. and Lovhoiden, G. and Lu, S. and Ludolphs, W. and Lunardon, M. and Luquin, L. and Lusso, S. and Lutz, J-R. and Luvisetto, M. and Lyapin, V. and Maevskaya, A. and Magureanu, C. and Mahajan, A. and Majahan, S. and Mahmoud, T. and Mairani, A. and Mahapatra, D. and Makarov, A. and Makhlyueva, I. and Malek, M. and Malkiewicz, T. and Mal'Kevich, D. and Malzacher, P. and Mamonov, A. and Manea, C. and Mangotra, L. K. and Maniero, D. and Manko, V. and Manso, F. and Manzari, V. and Mao, Y. and Marcel, A. and Marchini, S. and Mares, J. and Margagliotti, G. V. and Margotti, A. and Marin, A. and Marin, J. -C. and Marras, D. and Martinengo, P. and Martinez, M. I. and Martinez-Davalos, A. and Garcia, G. Martinez and Martini, S. and Chiesa, A. Marzari and Marzocca, C. and Masciocchi, S. and Masera, M. and Masetti, A. and Maslov, N. I. and Masoni, A. and Massera, F. and Mast, M. and Mastroserio, A. and Matthews, Z. L. and Mayer, B. and Mazza, G. and Mazzaro, M. D. and Mazzoni, A. and Meddi, F. and Meleshko, E. and Menchaca-Rocha, A. and Meneghini, S. and Meoni, A. and Perez, J. Mercado and Mereu, P. and Meunier, O. and Miake, Y. and Michalon, A. and Michinelli, R. and Miftakhov, N. and Mignone, A. and Mikhailov, K. and Milosevic, J. and Minaev, Y. and Minafra, F. and Mischke, A. and Miskowiec, D. and Mitsyn, V. and Mitu, C. and Mohanty, B. and Moisa, D. and Molnar, L. and Mondal, M. and Mondal, N. and Zetina, L. Montano and Monteno, M. and Morando, M. and Morel, M. and Moretto, S. and Morhardt, Th. and Morsch, A. and Moukhanova, T. and Mucchi, M. and Muccifora, V. and Mudnic, E. and Mueller, H. and Mueller, W. and Munoz, J. and Mura, D. and Musa, L. and Muraz, J. F. and Musso, A. and Nania, R. and Nandi, B. and Nappi, E. and Navach, F. and Navin, S. and Nayak, T. and Nazarenko, S. and Nazarov, G. and Nellen, L. and Nendaz, F. and Nianine, A. and Nicassio, M. and Nielsen, B. S. and Nikolaev, S. and Nikolic, V. and Nikulin, S. and Nikulin, V. and Nilsen, B. and Nitti, M. and Noferini, F. and Nomokonov, P. and Nooren, G. and Noto, F. and Nouais, D. and Nyiri, A. and Nystrand, J. and Odyniec, G. and Oeschler, H. and Oinonen, M. and Oldenburg, M. and Oleks, I. and Olsen, E. K. and Onuchin, V. and Oppedisano, C. and Orsini, F. and Ortiz-Velazquez, A. and Oskamp, C. and Oskarsson, Anders and Osmic, F. and Österman, Lennart and Otterlund, Ingvar and Ovrebekk, G. and Oyama, K. and Pachr, M. and Pagano, P. and Paic, G. and Pajares, C. and Pal, S. and Pal, S. and Palla, G. and Palmeri, A. and Pancaldi, G. and Panse, R. and Pantaleo, A. and Pappalardo, G. S. and Pastircak, B. and Pastore, C. and Patarakin, O. and Paticchio, V. and Patimo, G. and Pavlinov, A. and Pawlak, T. and Peitzmann, T. and Penichot, Y. and Pepato, A. and Pereira, H. and Peresunko, D. and Perez, C. and Griffo, J. Perez and Perini, D. and Perrino, D. and Peryt, W. and Pesci, A. and Peskov, V. and Pestov, Y. and Peters, A. J. and Petracek, V. and Petridis, A. and Petris, M. and Petrov, V. and Petrov, V. and Petrovici, M. and Peyre, J. and Piano, S. and Piccotti, A. and Pichot, P. and Piemonte, C. and Pikna, M. and Pilastrini, R. and Pillot, P. and Pinazza, O. and Pini, B. and Pinsky, L. and Morais, V. Pinto and Pismennaya, V. and Piuz, F. and Platt, R. and Ploskon, M. and Plumeri, S. and Pluta, J. and Pocheptsov, T. and Podesta, P. and Poggio, F. and Poghosyan, M. and Poghosyan, T. and Polak, K. and Polichtchouk, B. and Polozov, P. and Polyakov, V. and Pommeresch, B. and Pompei, F. and Pop, A. and Popescu, S. and Posa, F. and Pospisil, V. and Potukuchi, B. and Pouthas, J. and Prasad, S. and Preghenella, R. and Prino, F. and Prodan, L. and Prono, G. and Protsenko, M. A. and Pruneau, C. A. and Przybyla, A. and Pshenichnov, I. and Puddu, G. and Pujahari, P. and Pulvirenti, A. and Punin, A. and Punin, V. and Putschke, J. and Quartieri, J. and Quercigh, E. and Rachevskaya, I. and Rachevski, A. and Rademakers, A. and Radomski, S. and Radu, A. and Rak, J. and Ramello, L. and Raniwala, R. and Raniwala, S. and Rasmussen, O. B. and Rasson, J. and Razin, V. and Read, K. and Real, J. and Redlich, K. and Reichling, C. and Renard, C. and Renault, G. and Renfordt, R. and Reolon, A. R. and Reshetin, A. and Revol, J. -P. and Reygers, K. and Ricaud, H. and Riccati, L. and Ricci, R. A. and Richter, M. and Riedler, P. and Rigalleau, L. M. and Riggi, F. and Riegler, W. and Rindel, E. and Riso, J. and Rivetti, A. and Rizzi, M. and Rizzi, V. and Cahuantzi, M. Rodriguez and Roed, K. and Roehrich, D. and Roman-Lopez, S. and Romanato, M. and Romita, R. and Ronchetti, F. and Rosinsky, P. and Rosnet, P. and Rossegger, S. and Rossi, A. and Rostchin, V. and Rotondo, F. and Roukoutakis, F. and Rousseau, S. and Roy, C. and Roy, D. and Roy, P. and Royer, L. and Rubin, G. and Rubio, A. and Rui, R. and Rusanov, I. and Russo, G. and Ruuskanen, V. and Ryabinkin, E. and Rybicki, A. and Sadovsky, S. and Safarik, K. and Sahoo, R. and Saini, J. and Saiz, P. and Salur, S. and Sambyal, S. and Samsonov, V. and Sandor, L. and Sandoval, A. and Sann, H. and Santiard, J. -C. and Santo, R. and Santoro, R. and Sargsyan, G. and Saturnini, P. and Scapparone, E. and Scarlassara, F. and Schackert, B. and Schiaua, C. and Schicker, R. and Schioler, T. and Schippers, J. D. and Schmidt, C. and Schmidt, H. and Schneider, R. and Schossmaier, K. and Schukraft, J. and Schutz, Y. and Schwarz, K. and Schweda, K. and Schyns, E. and Scioli, G. and Scomparin, E. and Snow, H. and Sedykh, S. and Segato, G. and Sellitto, S. and Semeria, F. and Senyukov, S. and Seppaenen, H. and Serci, S. and Serkin, L. and Serra, S. and Sesselmann, T. and Sevcenco, A. and Sgura, I. and Shabratova, G. and Shahoyan, R. and Sharkov, E. and Sharma, S. and Shigaki, K. and Shileev, K. and Shukla, P. and Shurygin, A. and Shurygina, M. and Sibiriak, Y. and Siddi, E. and Siemiarczuk, T. and Sigward, M. H. and Silenzi, A. and Silvermyr, D. and Silvestri, R. and Simili, E. and Simion, V. and Simon, R. and Simonetti, L. and Singaraju, R. and Singhal, V. and Sinha, B. and Sinha, T. and Siska, M. and Sitar, B. and Sitta, M. and Skaali, B. and Skowronski, P. and Slodkowski, M. and Smirnov, N. and Smykov, L. and Snellings, R. and Snoeys, W. and Soegaard, C. and Soerensen, J. and Sokolov, O. and Soldatov, A. and Soloviev, A. and Soltveit, H. and Soltz, R. and Sommer, W. and Soos, C. and Soramel, F. and Sorensen, S. and Soyk, D. and Spyropoulou-Stassinaki, M. and Stachel, J. and Staley, F. and Stan, I. and Stavinskiy, A. and Steckert, J. and Stefanini, G. and Stefanek, G. and Steinbeck, T. and Stelzer, H. and Stenlund, Evert and Stocco, D. and Stockmeier, M. and Stoicea, G. and Stolpovsky, P. and Strmen, P. and Stutzmann, J. S. and Su, G. and Sugitate, T. and Sumbera, M. and Suire, C. and Susa, T. and Kumar, K. Sushil and Swoboda, D. and Symons, J. and Szarka, I. and Szostak, A. and Szuba, M. and Szymanski, P. and Tadel, M. and Tagridis, C. and Tan, L. and Takaki, D. Tapia and Taureg, H. and Tauro, A. and Tavlet, M. and Munoz, G. Tejeda and Thaeder, J. and Tieulent, R. and Timmer, P. and Tolyhy, T. and Topilskaya, N. and de Matos, C. Torcato and Torii, H. and Toscano, L. and Tosello, F. and Tournaire, A. and Traczyk, T. and Troeger, G. and Tromeur, W. and Truesdale, D. and Trzaska, W. and Tsiledakis, G. and Tsilis, E. and Tsvetkov, A. and Turcato, M. and Turrisi, R. and Tuveri, M. and Tveter, T. and Tydesjo, H. and Tykarski, L. and Tywoniuk, K. and Ugolini, E. and Ullaland, K. and Urban, J. and Urciuoli, G. M. and Usai, G. L. and Usseglio, M. and Vacchi, A. and Vala, M. and Valiev, F. and Vyvre, P. Vande and Van Den Brink, A. and Van Eijndhoven, N. and Van Der Kolk, N. and van Leeuwen, M. and Vannucci, L. and Vanzetto, S. and Vanuxem, J. -P. and Vargas, M. A. and Varma, R. and Vascotto, A. and Vasiliev, A. and Vassiliou, M. and Vasta, P. and Vechernin, V. and Venaruzzo, M. and Vercellin, E. and Vergara, S. and Verhoeven, W. and Veronese, F. and Vetlitskiy, I. and Vernet, R. and Victorov, V. and Vidak, L. and Viesti, G. and Vikhlyantsev, O. and Vilakazi, Z. and Baillie, O. Villalobos and Vinogradov, A. and Vinogradov, L. and Vinogradov, Y. and Virgili, T. and Viyogi, Y. and Vodopianov, A. and Volpe, G. and Vranic, D. and Vriakova, J. and Vulpescu, B. and Wabnitz, C. and Wagner, V. and Wallet, L. and Wan, R. and Wang, Y. and Wang, Y. and Wheadon, R. and Weis, R. and Wen, Q. and Wessels, J. and Westergaard, J. and Wiechula, J. and Wiesenaecker, A. and Wikne, J. and Wilk, A. and Wilk, G. and Williams, C. and Willis, N. and Windelband, B. and Witt, R. and Woehri, H. and Wyllie, K. and Xu, C. and Yang, C. and Yang, H. and Yermia, F. and Yin, Z. and Yin, Z. and Ky, B. Yun and Yushmanov, I. and Yuting, B. and Zabrodin, E. and Zagato, S. and Zagreev, B. and Zaharia, P. and Zalite, A. and Zampa, G. and Zampolli, C. and Zanevskiy, Y. and Zarochentsev, A. and Zaudtke, O. and Zavada, P. and Zbroszczyk, H. and Zepeda, A. and Zeter, V. and Zgura, I. and Zhalov, M. and Zhou, D. and Zhou, S. and Zhu, G. and Zichichi, A. and Zinchenko, A. and Zinovjev, G. and Zoccarato, Y. and Zubarev, A. and Zucchini, A. and Zuffa, M.},
  issn         = {1748-0221},
  keyword      = {Pattern recognition,Simulation methods and programs,calibration and fitting methods,Software architectures,Detector,alignment and calibration methods,Detector cooling and,thermo-stabilization,Detector design and construction technologies and,materials,Detector grounding,Manufacturing,Overall mechanics design,Special cables,Voltage distributions,cluster finding,Data reduction methods,methods,Computing,Data processing methods,Analysis and statistical,Transition radiation detectors,detectors,Timing,Time projection chambers,Spectrometers,visible,and IR photons,Photon detectors for UV,Particle tracking detectors,Particle identification,systems for particle and astroparticle physics,Instrumentation for,Instrumentation for heavy-ion accelerators,particle accelerators and storage rings - high energy,Cherenkov and,transition radiation,Photon,Liquid detectors,Gaseous detectors,detectors for UV,visible and IR photons,scintillation,Scintillators,and light emission processes,Cherenkov detectors,Calorimeters,Solid state detectors,Large detector,dE/dx detectors,Gamma detectors},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {S08002},
  publisher    = {IOP Publishing},
  series       = {Journal of Instrumentation},
  title        = {The ALICE experiment at the CERN LHC},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/3/08/S08002},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2008},
}