Advanced

Effect of a conjugated carbonyl group on the photophysical properties of carotenoids

Zigmantas, Donatas LU ; Hiller, R G; Sharples, F P; Frank, H A; Sundström, Villy LU and Polivka, Tomas LU (2004) In Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 6(11). p.3009-3016
Abstract
Effects of introducing a carbonyl group into the conjugation system of carotenoids were studied for four naturally occurring carotenoids: peridinin, fucoxanthin, siphonaxanthin and spheroidenone. The conjugated carbonyl group affects energetics and dynamics of all these carotenoids in a similar way, although the magnitude of the changes depends strongly on the carotenoid structure. Firstly, presence of a carbonyl group considerably narrows the S-1/ICT-S-2 gap, and this effect does not depend on polarity. The S-1/ICT energies of carotenoids were measured by recording S-1/ICT-S-2 spectral profiles in the near-infrared region and the resulting energies were 16100 cm(-1) for peridinin, 16520 cm(-1) for fucoxanthin and 16610 cm(-1) for... (More)
Effects of introducing a carbonyl group into the conjugation system of carotenoids were studied for four naturally occurring carotenoids: peridinin, fucoxanthin, siphonaxanthin and spheroidenone. The conjugated carbonyl group affects energetics and dynamics of all these carotenoids in a similar way, although the magnitude of the changes depends strongly on the carotenoid structure. Firstly, presence of a carbonyl group considerably narrows the S-1/ICT-S-2 gap, and this effect does not depend on polarity. The S-1/ICT energies of carotenoids were measured by recording S-1/ICT-S-2 spectral profiles in the near-infrared region and the resulting energies were 16100 cm(-1) for peridinin, 16520 cm(-1) for fucoxanthin and 16610 cm(-1) for siphonaxanthin. Narrowing of the S-1/ICT-S-2 gap has important consequences for functionality of these carotenoids in light-harvesting systems of oceanic organisms. since while the S, state is red-shifted to capture green light, the S-1/ICT state is still high enough to transfer energy to chlorophyll. The S-1/ICT energy of spheroidenone was determined to be 13000 cm(-1) Secondly the carbonyl group introduces some polarity-dependent effects: (1) polarity-induced change of the S-1/ICT lifetime. When changing from nonpolar to polar solvent, the S-1/ICT lifetime is changed from 160 to 8.5 ps for peridinin, from 60 to 30 ps for fucoxanthin, from 60 to 20 ps for fucoxanthin, while for the longer carotenoid spheroidenone the S-1/ICT lifetime remains 6 ps regardless of solvent polarity. This effect is explained in terms of stabilizatior of charge-transfer character of both ground and excited states. (2) stabilization of the charge-transfer character in polar solvents is also demonstrated by appearance of new polarity-induced bands in the transient absorption spectra. (3) polarity-induced changes of the ground state are manifested by asymmetric broadening of the absorption spectrum accompanied by a loss of vibrational structure. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
volume
6
issue
11
pages
3009 - 3016
publisher
Royal Society of Chemistry
external identifiers
  • wos:000222357600034
  • scopus:3042737690
ISSN
1463-9084
DOI
10.1039/b315786e
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ed1c8e43-ee03-4006-960c-4374e2ca0b33 (old id 139005)
date added to LUP
2007-07-04 09:10:37
date last changed
2017-11-19 04:06:22
@article{ed1c8e43-ee03-4006-960c-4374e2ca0b33,
  abstract     = {Effects of introducing a carbonyl group into the conjugation system of carotenoids were studied for four naturally occurring carotenoids: peridinin, fucoxanthin, siphonaxanthin and spheroidenone. The conjugated carbonyl group affects energetics and dynamics of all these carotenoids in a similar way, although the magnitude of the changes depends strongly on the carotenoid structure. Firstly, presence of a carbonyl group considerably narrows the S-1/ICT-S-2 gap, and this effect does not depend on polarity. The S-1/ICT energies of carotenoids were measured by recording S-1/ICT-S-2 spectral profiles in the near-infrared region and the resulting energies were 16100 cm(-1) for peridinin, 16520 cm(-1) for fucoxanthin and 16610 cm(-1) for siphonaxanthin. Narrowing of the S-1/ICT-S-2 gap has important consequences for functionality of these carotenoids in light-harvesting systems of oceanic organisms. since while the S, state is red-shifted to capture green light, the S-1/ICT state is still high enough to transfer energy to chlorophyll. The S-1/ICT energy of spheroidenone was determined to be 13000 cm(-1) Secondly the carbonyl group introduces some polarity-dependent effects: (1) polarity-induced change of the S-1/ICT lifetime. When changing from nonpolar to polar solvent, the S-1/ICT lifetime is changed from 160 to 8.5 ps for peridinin, from 60 to 30 ps for fucoxanthin, from 60 to 20 ps for fucoxanthin, while for the longer carotenoid spheroidenone the S-1/ICT lifetime remains 6 ps regardless of solvent polarity. This effect is explained in terms of stabilizatior of charge-transfer character of both ground and excited states. (2) stabilization of the charge-transfer character in polar solvents is also demonstrated by appearance of new polarity-induced bands in the transient absorption spectra. (3) polarity-induced changes of the ground state are manifested by asymmetric broadening of the absorption spectrum accompanied by a loss of vibrational structure.},
  author       = {Zigmantas, Donatas and Hiller, R G and Sharples, F P and Frank, H A and Sundström, Villy and Polivka, Tomas},
  issn         = {1463-9084},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {3009--3016},
  publisher    = {Royal Society of Chemistry},
  series       = {Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics},
  title        = {Effect of a conjugated carbonyl group on the photophysical properties of carotenoids},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b315786e},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2004},
}