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Protection of feet in cold exposure

Kuklane, Kalev LU (2009) In Industrial Health 47(3). p.242-253
Abstract
The paper summarizes the research on cold protection of feet. There exist several conflicting requirements for the choice of the best suited footwear for cold exposure. These conflicts are related to various environmental factors, protection needs and user comfort issues. In order to reduce such conflicts and simplify the choice of proper footwear the paper suggests dividing the cold into specific ranges that are related to properties and state of water and its possibility to penetrate into, evaporate from or condensate in footwear. The thermo-physiological background and reactions in foot are briefly explained, and main problems and risks related to cold injuries, mechanical injuries and slipping discussed. Footwear thermal insulation is... (More)
The paper summarizes the research on cold protection of feet. There exist several conflicting requirements for the choice of the best suited footwear for cold exposure. These conflicts are related to various environmental factors, protection needs and user comfort issues. In order to reduce such conflicts and simplify the choice of proper footwear the paper suggests dividing the cold into specific ranges that are related to properties and state of water and its possibility to penetrate into, evaporate from or condensate in footwear. The thermo-physiological background and reactions in foot are briefly explained, and main problems and risks related to cold injuries, mechanical injuries and slipping discussed. Footwear thermal insulation is the most important factor for protection against cold. The issues related to measuring the insulation and the practical use of measured values are described, but also the effect of socks, and footwear size. Other means for reducing heat losses, such as PCM and electrical heating are touched. The most important variable that affects footwear thermal insulation and foot comfort is moisture in footwear. In combination with motion they may reduce insulation and thus protection against cold by 45 %. The paper includes recommendations for better foot comfort in cold. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
slipping, cold injury, insulation, thermal sensation, pain sensation, sock, footwear, moisture
in
Industrial Health
volume
47
issue
3
pages
242 - 253
publisher
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Japan
external identifiers
  • wos:000266424700006
  • scopus:68549083423
ISSN
1880-8026
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
56a7f98e-5a34-4d1e-9350-c65976e09436 (old id 1390741)
alternative location
http://www.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/pdf/IH_47_3_242.pdf
date added to LUP
2009-07-02 14:52:25
date last changed
2017-10-01 04:29:21
@article{56a7f98e-5a34-4d1e-9350-c65976e09436,
  abstract     = {The paper summarizes the research on cold protection of feet. There exist several conflicting requirements for the choice of the best suited footwear for cold exposure. These conflicts are related to various environmental factors, protection needs and user comfort issues. In order to reduce such conflicts and simplify the choice of proper footwear the paper suggests dividing the cold into specific ranges that are related to properties and state of water and its possibility to penetrate into, evaporate from or condensate in footwear. The thermo-physiological background and reactions in foot are briefly explained, and main problems and risks related to cold injuries, mechanical injuries and slipping discussed. Footwear thermal insulation is the most important factor for protection against cold. The issues related to measuring the insulation and the practical use of measured values are described, but also the effect of socks, and footwear size. Other means for reducing heat losses, such as PCM and electrical heating are touched. The most important variable that affects footwear thermal insulation and foot comfort is moisture in footwear. In combination with motion they may reduce insulation and thus protection against cold by 45 %. The paper includes recommendations for better foot comfort in cold.},
  author       = {Kuklane, Kalev},
  issn         = {1880-8026},
  keyword      = {slipping,cold injury,insulation,thermal sensation,pain sensation,sock,footwear,moisture},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {242--253},
  publisher    = {National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Japan},
  series       = {Industrial Health},
  title        = {Protection of feet in cold exposure},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2009},
}