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Social learning towards a more adaptive paradigm? Reducing flood risk in Kristianstad municipality, Sweden

Johannessen, Åse LU and Hahn, Thomas (2013) In Global Environmental Change 23(1). p.372-381
Abstract
Social learning is often treated as an intervention, a designed process facilitated or even initiated by a third party. We investigated how a social learning process emerged spontaneously from inside Kristianstad, one of the most flood-prone municipalities in Sweden. Twenty key persons were interviewed over 8 years, many of them several times, to assess the process. A small action oriented group of technical professionals perceived the flood risk and were key drivers providing strategic innovative capacity. We identified the process attributes that fostered the learning, the knowledge generated and other learning outcomes adapting a model by Schusler et al. (2003). Despite some elements of double loop learning, this process was not able to... (More)
Social learning is often treated as an intervention, a designed process facilitated or even initiated by a third party. We investigated how a social learning process emerged spontaneously from inside Kristianstad, one of the most flood-prone municipalities in Sweden. Twenty key persons were interviewed over 8 years, many of them several times, to assess the process. A small action oriented group of technical professionals perceived the flood risk and were key drivers providing strategic innovative capacity. We identified the process attributes that fostered the learning, the knowledge generated and other learning outcomes adapting a model by Schusler et al. (2003). Despite some elements of double loop learning, this process was not able to change the prevailing stationary principle/paradigm, feeling safe behind the embankments and continuing building on low lying land. We argue that building resilience and adaptive capacity would require a mind shift to a paradigm of flood proofing/living with floods and preparing for the unexpected, acknowledging that water cannot be controlled at a certain level. We conclude that knowledge development is inhibited by the Swedish decentralisation approach and we call for a multilevel learning strategy including learning from international experience and emphasising more active coordination at the national level. (Less)
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author
and
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Innovation, Adaptability, Multilevel governance, Flooding, Triple-loop learning, Social learning, Adaptive governance, climate change, river basin management, sweden
in
Global Environmental Change
volume
23
issue
1
pages
372 - 381
publisher
Global Environmental Change, Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:84872604536
ISSN
0959-3780
DOI
10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.07.009
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
13e5c988-e4fe-491f-9252-1c1db70cd3a8
date added to LUP
2020-03-10 11:13:29
date last changed
2020-10-07 06:55:22
@article{13e5c988-e4fe-491f-9252-1c1db70cd3a8,
  abstract     = {Social learning is often treated as an intervention, a designed process facilitated or even initiated by a third party. We investigated how a social learning process emerged spontaneously from inside Kristianstad, one of the most flood-prone municipalities in Sweden. Twenty key persons were interviewed over 8 years, many of them several times, to assess the process. A small action oriented group of technical professionals perceived the flood risk and were key drivers providing strategic innovative capacity. We identified the process attributes that fostered the learning, the knowledge generated and other learning outcomes adapting a model by Schusler et al. (2003). Despite some elements of double loop learning, this process was not able to change the prevailing stationary principle/paradigm, feeling safe behind the embankments and continuing building on low lying land. We argue that building resilience and adaptive capacity would require a mind shift to a paradigm of flood proofing/living with floods and preparing for the unexpected, acknowledging that water cannot be controlled at a certain level. We conclude that knowledge development is inhibited by the Swedish decentralisation approach and we call for a multilevel learning strategy including learning from international experience and emphasising more active coordination at the national level.},
  author       = {Johannessen, Åse and Hahn, Thomas},
  issn         = {0959-3780},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {372--381},
  publisher    = {Global Environmental Change, Elsevier},
  series       = {Global Environmental Change},
  title        = {Social learning towards a more adaptive paradigm? Reducing flood risk in Kristianstad municipality, Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.07.009},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.07.009},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2013},
}