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Trace element concentrations in the Mexico-Belize ejecta layer: A link between the Chicxulub impact and the global Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary

Wigforss-Lange, Jane LU ; Vajda, Vivi LU and Ocampo, Adriana (2007) Workshop on Impact Craters as Indicators for Planetary Environmental Evolution and Astrobiology In Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42(11). p.1871-1882
Abstract
Four exposures of Chicxulub impact ejecta along the Mexico-Belize border have been sampled and analyzed for major and trace element abundances. The ejecta deposits consist of a lower spheroid bed, containing clay and dolomite spheroids, and an upper diamictite bed with boulders and clasts of limestone and dolomite. The matrix of both beds is composed of clay and micritic dolomite. The rare earth element (REE) compositions in the matrix of both units show strong similarities in concentrations and pattern. Furthermore, the Zr/TiO2 scatter plot shows a linear correlation indicating one source. These results indicate that the basal spheroid bed has the same source and was generated during the same event as the overlying diamictite bed, which... (More)
Four exposures of Chicxulub impact ejecta along the Mexico-Belize border have been sampled and analyzed for major and trace element abundances. The ejecta deposits consist of a lower spheroid bed, containing clay and dolomite spheroids, and an upper diamictite bed with boulders and clasts of limestone and dolomite. The matrix of both beds is composed of clay and micritic dolomite. The rare earth element (REE) compositions in the matrix of both units show strong similarities in concentrations and pattern. Furthermore, the Zr/TiO2 scatter plot shows a linear correlation indicating one source. These results indicate that the basal spheroid bed has the same source and was generated during the same event as the overlying diamictite bed, which lends support to a single-impact scenario for the Albion Formation ejecta deposits. The elevated concentrations of non-meteoritic elements such as Sb, As, U, and Zn in the matrix of the lower spheroid bed are regarded to have been derived from the sedimentary target rocks at the Chicxulub impact site. The positive Eu and Ce anomalies in clay concretion and in the matrix of the lower part of the spheroid bed in Albion Island quarry is probably related to processes involved in the impact, such as high temperature and oxidizing conditions. Analogous trace element anomalies have been reported from the distal Cretaceous-Paleogene (K/T) boundary clay layer at different sites. Thus, the trace element signals, reported herein, are regarded to support a genetic link between the Chicxulub impact, the ejecta deposits along the Mexico-Belize border, and the global K/T boundary layer. (Less)
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Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
Meteoritics & Planetary Science
volume
42
issue
11
pages
1871 - 1882
publisher
Meteoritical Society
conference name
Workshop on Impact Craters as Indicators for Planetary Environmental Evolution and Astrobiology
external identifiers
  • wos:000253937700003
  • scopus:41549141426
ISSN
1086-9379
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
502fa6ec-7051-4ea8-a613-2302cf8e9ffb (old id 1407418)
alternative location
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-data_query?bibcode=2007M%26PS...42.1871W&link_type=ARTICLE&db_key=AST&high=
date added to LUP
2009-06-02 11:14:42
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:26:58
@inproceedings{502fa6ec-7051-4ea8-a613-2302cf8e9ffb,
  abstract     = {Four exposures of Chicxulub impact ejecta along the Mexico-Belize border have been sampled and analyzed for major and trace element abundances. The ejecta deposits consist of a lower spheroid bed, containing clay and dolomite spheroids, and an upper diamictite bed with boulders and clasts of limestone and dolomite. The matrix of both beds is composed of clay and micritic dolomite. The rare earth element (REE) compositions in the matrix of both units show strong similarities in concentrations and pattern. Furthermore, the Zr/TiO2 scatter plot shows a linear correlation indicating one source. These results indicate that the basal spheroid bed has the same source and was generated during the same event as the overlying diamictite bed, which lends support to a single-impact scenario for the Albion Formation ejecta deposits. The elevated concentrations of non-meteoritic elements such as Sb, As, U, and Zn in the matrix of the lower spheroid bed are regarded to have been derived from the sedimentary target rocks at the Chicxulub impact site. The positive Eu and Ce anomalies in clay concretion and in the matrix of the lower part of the spheroid bed in Albion Island quarry is probably related to processes involved in the impact, such as high temperature and oxidizing conditions. Analogous trace element anomalies have been reported from the distal Cretaceous-Paleogene (K/T) boundary clay layer at different sites. Thus, the trace element signals, reported herein, are regarded to support a genetic link between the Chicxulub impact, the ejecta deposits along the Mexico-Belize border, and the global K/T boundary layer.},
  author       = {Wigforss-Lange, Jane and Vajda, Vivi and Ocampo, Adriana},
  booktitle    = {Meteoritics & Planetary Science},
  issn         = {1086-9379},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {1871--1882},
  publisher    = {Meteoritical Society},
  title        = {Trace element concentrations in the Mexico-Belize ejecta layer: A link between the Chicxulub impact and the global Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2007},
}