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Holocene recolonization and extinction of the pond turtle, Emys orbicularis (L., 1758), in Europe

Sommer, Robert S.; Persson, Arne LU ; Wieseke, Nina and Fritz, Uwe (2007) In Quaternary Science Reviews 26(25-28). p.3099-3107
Abstract
We reconstruct the Holocene range fluctuations of the European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis) for northern and Central Europe. Based on 529 subfossil records and radiocarbon dating of critical finds, we provide evidence that E. orbicularis experienced a rapid range expansion with Holocene warming. Phylogeographic data argue for a colonization of northern and Central Europe from a glacial refuge located in the south-eastern Balkans. Already in the Late Preboreal (9100-8600 cal BC) the species occurred in northern Central Europe and was widespread in Denmark and southern Sweden (Skane) during the Boreal (8600-7100 cal BC). The maximum range extension occurred during the Holocene climatic optimum (Atlantic: 7100-3750 cal BC), with records in... (More)
We reconstruct the Holocene range fluctuations of the European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis) for northern and Central Europe. Based on 529 subfossil records and radiocarbon dating of critical finds, we provide evidence that E. orbicularis experienced a rapid range expansion with Holocene warming. Phylogeographic data argue for a colonization of northern and Central Europe from a glacial refuge located in the south-eastern Balkans. Already in the Late Preboreal (9100-8600 cal BC) the species occurred in northern Central Europe and was widespread in Denmark and southern Sweden (Skane) during the Boreal (8600-7100 cal BC). The maximum range extension occurred during the Holocene climatic optimum (Atlantic: 7100-3750 cal BC), with records in southern England, middle Sweden, and northern Estonia. After the early Subboreal (3750-1750 cal BC) northern populations collapsed, coinciding with a climatic cooling and oceanization. Northern populations were most likely established via long distance dispersal (rafting using rivers debouching in the North and Baltic Seas); after northern Europe was reached, a minimum dispersal of 50 km per 100 years may be hypothesized for the Boreal. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Quaternary Science Reviews
volume
26
issue
25-28
pages
3099 - 3107
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000252756100010
  • scopus:37049016480
ISSN
0277-3791
DOI
10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.07.009
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
df14cabe-e921-449b-af1c-6c39d472ef4e (old id 1407591)
date added to LUP
2009-05-29 14:27:30
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:02:51
@article{df14cabe-e921-449b-af1c-6c39d472ef4e,
  abstract     = {We reconstruct the Holocene range fluctuations of the European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis) for northern and Central Europe. Based on 529 subfossil records and radiocarbon dating of critical finds, we provide evidence that E. orbicularis experienced a rapid range expansion with Holocene warming. Phylogeographic data argue for a colonization of northern and Central Europe from a glacial refuge located in the south-eastern Balkans. Already in the Late Preboreal (9100-8600 cal BC) the species occurred in northern Central Europe and was widespread in Denmark and southern Sweden (Skane) during the Boreal (8600-7100 cal BC). The maximum range extension occurred during the Holocene climatic optimum (Atlantic: 7100-3750 cal BC), with records in southern England, middle Sweden, and northern Estonia. After the early Subboreal (3750-1750 cal BC) northern populations collapsed, coinciding with a climatic cooling and oceanization. Northern populations were most likely established via long distance dispersal (rafting using rivers debouching in the North and Baltic Seas); after northern Europe was reached, a minimum dispersal of 50 km per 100 years may be hypothesized for the Boreal. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Sommer, Robert S. and Persson, Arne and Wieseke, Nina and Fritz, Uwe},
  issn         = {0277-3791},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {25-28},
  pages        = {3099--3107},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Quaternary Science Reviews},
  title        = {Holocene recolonization and extinction of the pond turtle, Emys orbicularis (L., 1758), in Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.07.009},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2007},
}