Advanced

Evaluation of Cold Workplaces: An Overview of Standards for Assessment of Cold Stress

Holmér, Ingvar LU (2009) In Industrial Health 47(3). p.228-234
Abstract
Many persons world wide are exposed to cold environments, either indoors for example in cold stores, or outdoors. Cold is a hazard to health and may affect safety and performance of work. Basis for the creation of safe and optimal working conditions may be obtained by the application of relevant international standards. ISO 11079(1)) presents a method for evaluation of whole body heat balance. On the basis of climate and activity a required clothing insulation (IREQ) for heat balance is determined. For clothing with known insulation value an exposure time limited is calculated. ISO 11079 also includes criteria for assessment of local cooling. Finger temperatures should not be below 24 degrees C during prolonged exposures or 15 degrees C... (More)
Many persons world wide are exposed to cold environments, either indoors for example in cold stores, or outdoors. Cold is a hazard to health and may affect safety and performance of work. Basis for the creation of safe and optimal working conditions may be obtained by the application of relevant international standards. ISO 11079(1)) presents a method for evaluation of whole body heat balance. On the basis of climate and activity a required clothing insulation (IREQ) for heat balance is determined. For clothing with known insulation value an exposure time limited is calculated. ISO 11079 also includes criteria for assessment of local cooling. Finger temperatures should not be below 24 degrees C during prolonged exposures or 15 degrees C occasionally. Wind chill temperature indicates the risk of bare skin to freeze for combinations of wind and low temperatures. Special protection of airways is recommended at temperatures below -20 degrees C, in particular during heavy work. Additional standards are available describing evaluation strategies, work place observation checklists and checklist for medical screening. Risks associated with contact with cold surfaces can be evaluated with ISO 13732(2)). The strategy and principles for assessment and prevention of cold stress are reviewed in this paper. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Cooling, Standards, Skin temperature, Body temperature, Method
in
Industrial Health
volume
47
issue
3
pages
228 - 234
publisher
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Japan
external identifiers
  • wos:000266424700004
  • scopus:68549131100
ISSN
1880-8026
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
40a3c99c-b867-4446-84ac-e5467fa7b580 (old id 1425192)
alternative location
http://www.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/pdf/IH_47_3_228.pdf
date added to LUP
2009-07-02 14:56:27
date last changed
2017-08-13 03:52:28
@article{40a3c99c-b867-4446-84ac-e5467fa7b580,
  abstract     = {Many persons world wide are exposed to cold environments, either indoors for example in cold stores, or outdoors. Cold is a hazard to health and may affect safety and performance of work. Basis for the creation of safe and optimal working conditions may be obtained by the application of relevant international standards. ISO 11079(1)) presents a method for evaluation of whole body heat balance. On the basis of climate and activity a required clothing insulation (IREQ) for heat balance is determined. For clothing with known insulation value an exposure time limited is calculated. ISO 11079 also includes criteria for assessment of local cooling. Finger temperatures should not be below 24 degrees C during prolonged exposures or 15 degrees C occasionally. Wind chill temperature indicates the risk of bare skin to freeze for combinations of wind and low temperatures. Special protection of airways is recommended at temperatures below -20 degrees C, in particular during heavy work. Additional standards are available describing evaluation strategies, work place observation checklists and checklist for medical screening. Risks associated with contact with cold surfaces can be evaluated with ISO 13732(2)). The strategy and principles for assessment and prevention of cold stress are reviewed in this paper.},
  author       = {Holmér, Ingvar},
  issn         = {1880-8026},
  keyword      = {Cooling,Standards,Skin temperature,Body temperature,Method},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {228--234},
  publisher    = {National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Japan},
  series       = {Industrial Health},
  title        = {Evaluation of Cold Workplaces: An Overview of Standards for Assessment of Cold Stress},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2009},
}