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Correlated morphological and colour differences among females of the damselfly Ischnura elegans

Abbott, Jessica LU and Gosden, Thomas LU (2009) In Ecological Entomology 34(3). p.378-386
Abstract
1. The female-limited colour polymorphic damselfly Ischnura elegans has proven to be an interesting study organism both as an example of female sexual polymorphism, and in the context of the evolution of colour polymorphism, as a model of speciation processes. 2. Previous research suggests the existence of correlations between colour morph and other phenotypic traits, and the different female morphs in I. elegans may be pursuing alternative phenotypically integrated strategies. However, previous research on morphological differences in southern Swedish individuals of this species was only carried out on laboratory-raised offspring from a single population, leaving open the question of how widespread such differences are. 3. The present... (More)
1. The female-limited colour polymorphic damselfly Ischnura elegans has proven to be an interesting study organism both as an example of female sexual polymorphism, and in the context of the evolution of colour polymorphism, as a model of speciation processes. 2. Previous research suggests the existence of correlations between colour morph and other phenotypic traits, and the different female morphs in I. elegans may be pursuing alternative phenotypically integrated strategies. However, previous research on morphological differences in southern Swedish individuals of this species was only carried out on laboratory-raised offspring from a single population, leaving open the question of how widespread such differences are. 3. The present study therefore analysed multi-generational data from 12 populations, investigating morphological differences between the female morphs in the field, differences in the pattern of phenotypic integration between morphs, and quantified selection on morphological traits. 4. It was found that consistent morphological differences indeed existed between the morphs across populations, confirming that the previously observed differences were not simply a laboratory artefact. It was also found, somewhat surprisingly, that despite the existence of sexual dimorphism in body size and shape, patterns of phenotypic integration differed most between the morphs and not between the sexes. Finally, linear selection gradients showed that female morphology affected fecundity differently between the morphs. 5. We discuss the relevance of these results to the male mimicry hypothesis and to the existence of potential ecological differences between the morphs. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
sexual dimorphism, selection, Phenotypic integration, polymorphism, shape, size
in
Ecological Entomology
volume
34
issue
3
pages
378 - 386
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000266015900011
  • scopus:65649132784
ISSN
1365-2311
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-2311.2009.01087.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a4f040a8-ddf3-4666-aa4a-c4a2c7829b9c (old id 1426202)
date added to LUP
2009-06-26 11:22:03
date last changed
2017-02-12 03:29:04
@article{a4f040a8-ddf3-4666-aa4a-c4a2c7829b9c,
  abstract     = {1. The female-limited colour polymorphic damselfly Ischnura elegans has proven to be an interesting study organism both as an example of female sexual polymorphism, and in the context of the evolution of colour polymorphism, as a model of speciation processes. 2. Previous research suggests the existence of correlations between colour morph and other phenotypic traits, and the different female morphs in I. elegans may be pursuing alternative phenotypically integrated strategies. However, previous research on morphological differences in southern Swedish individuals of this species was only carried out on laboratory-raised offspring from a single population, leaving open the question of how widespread such differences are. 3. The present study therefore analysed multi-generational data from 12 populations, investigating morphological differences between the female morphs in the field, differences in the pattern of phenotypic integration between morphs, and quantified selection on morphological traits. 4. It was found that consistent morphological differences indeed existed between the morphs across populations, confirming that the previously observed differences were not simply a laboratory artefact. It was also found, somewhat surprisingly, that despite the existence of sexual dimorphism in body size and shape, patterns of phenotypic integration differed most between the morphs and not between the sexes. Finally, linear selection gradients showed that female morphology affected fecundity differently between the morphs. 5. We discuss the relevance of these results to the male mimicry hypothesis and to the existence of potential ecological differences between the morphs.},
  author       = {Abbott, Jessica and Gosden, Thomas},
  issn         = {1365-2311},
  keyword      = {sexual dimorphism,selection,Phenotypic integration,polymorphism,shape,size},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {378--386},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Ecological Entomology},
  title        = {Correlated morphological and colour differences among females of the damselfly Ischnura elegans},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2009.01087.x},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2009},
}