Advanced

Vegetation and proximity to the river control amorphous silica storage in a riparian wetland (Biebrza National Park, Poland)

Struyf, Eric LU ; Opdekamp, W.; Backx, H.; Jacobs, S.; Conley, D. J. and Meire, P. (2009) In Biogeosciences 6(4). p.623-631
Abstract
Wetlands can modify and control nutrient fluxes between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, yet little is known of their potential as biological buffers and sinks in the biogeochemical silica cycle. We investigated the storage of amorphous silica (ASi) in a central-European riparian wetland. The variation in storage of ASi in the soil of an undisturbed wetland was significantly controlled by two factors: dominance of sedges and grasses and distance to the river (combined R-2=78%). Highest ASi storage was found near the river and in sites with a dominance of grasses and sedges, plants which are well known to accumulate ASi. The management practice of mowing reduced the amount of variation attributed to both factors (R-2=51%). Although ASi... (More)
Wetlands can modify and control nutrient fluxes between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, yet little is known of their potential as biological buffers and sinks in the biogeochemical silica cycle. We investigated the storage of amorphous silica (ASi) in a central-European riparian wetland. The variation in storage of ASi in the soil of an undisturbed wetland was significantly controlled by two factors: dominance of sedges and grasses and distance to the river (combined R-2=78%). Highest ASi storage was found near the river and in sites with a dominance of grasses and sedges, plants which are well known to accumulate ASi. The management practice of mowing reduced the amount of variation attributed to both factors (R-2=51%). Although ASi concentrations in soils were low (between 0.1 and 1% of soil dry weight), ASi controlled the availability of dissolved silica (DSi) in the porewater, and thus potentially the exchange of DSi with the nearby river system through both diffusive and advective fluxes. A depth gradient in ASi concentrations, with lower ASi in the deeper layers, indicates dissolution. Our results show that storage and recycling of ASi in wetland ecosystems can differ significantly on small spatial scales. Human management interferes with the natural control mechanisms. Our study demonstrates that wetlands have the potential to modify the fluxes of both DSi and ASi along the land-ocean continuum and supports the hypothesis that wetlands are important ecosystems in the biogeochemical cycling of silica. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Biogeosciences
volume
6
issue
4
pages
623 - 631
publisher
Copernicus Publications
external identifiers
  • wos:000265743200009
  • scopus:74449084761
ISSN
1726-4189
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4a10474c-2b06-4b54-a55b-a44dced88bc1 (old id 1428095)
date added to LUP
2009-06-25 12:00:58
date last changed
2017-09-24 03:42:32
@article{4a10474c-2b06-4b54-a55b-a44dced88bc1,
  abstract     = {Wetlands can modify and control nutrient fluxes between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, yet little is known of their potential as biological buffers and sinks in the biogeochemical silica cycle. We investigated the storage of amorphous silica (ASi) in a central-European riparian wetland. The variation in storage of ASi in the soil of an undisturbed wetland was significantly controlled by two factors: dominance of sedges and grasses and distance to the river (combined R-2=78%). Highest ASi storage was found near the river and in sites with a dominance of grasses and sedges, plants which are well known to accumulate ASi. The management practice of mowing reduced the amount of variation attributed to both factors (R-2=51%). Although ASi concentrations in soils were low (between 0.1 and 1% of soil dry weight), ASi controlled the availability of dissolved silica (DSi) in the porewater, and thus potentially the exchange of DSi with the nearby river system through both diffusive and advective fluxes. A depth gradient in ASi concentrations, with lower ASi in the deeper layers, indicates dissolution. Our results show that storage and recycling of ASi in wetland ecosystems can differ significantly on small spatial scales. Human management interferes with the natural control mechanisms. Our study demonstrates that wetlands have the potential to modify the fluxes of both DSi and ASi along the land-ocean continuum and supports the hypothesis that wetlands are important ecosystems in the biogeochemical cycling of silica.},
  author       = {Struyf, Eric and Opdekamp, W. and Backx, H. and Jacobs, S. and Conley, D. J. and Meire, P.},
  issn         = {1726-4189},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {623--631},
  publisher    = {Copernicus Publications},
  series       = {Biogeosciences},
  title        = {Vegetation and proximity to the river control amorphous silica storage in a riparian wetland (Biebrza National Park, Poland)},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2009},
}