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Evaluating the usefulness of spa typing, in comparison with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, for epidemiological typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a low-prevalence region in Sweden 2000-2004.

Petersson, A C; Olsson-Liljequist, B; Miörner, Håkan LU and Hæggman, S (2010) In Clinical Microbiology and Infection 16. p.456-462
Abstract
Clin Microbiol InfectAbstract The usefulness of spa typing was evaluated in relation to pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), as a tool for epidemiological typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a low-prevalence region in southern Sweden. Bacterial isolates from 216 MRSA cases, newly identified in 2000-2004, were studied. The isolates were obtained from infected patients (31%), and from colonized individuals found by screening (69%). In total, 49 spa types and 73 PFGE patterns were identified. The discriminatory power of spa typing was lower (94.9 +/- 1.8%) than that of PFGE (97.3 +/- 1.2%). For two spa types (t002 and t008) the Panton-Valentine leukocidin results added useful discriminatory information. The... (More)
Clin Microbiol InfectAbstract The usefulness of spa typing was evaluated in relation to pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), as a tool for epidemiological typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a low-prevalence region in southern Sweden. Bacterial isolates from 216 MRSA cases, newly identified in 2000-2004, were studied. The isolates were obtained from infected patients (31%), and from colonized individuals found by screening (69%). In total, 49 spa types and 73 PFGE patterns were identified. The discriminatory power of spa typing was lower (94.9 +/- 1.8%) than that of PFGE (97.3 +/- 1.2%). For two spa types (t002 and t008) the Panton-Valentine leukocidin results added useful discriminatory information. The most common spa types were t044 (n = 31; four PFGE patterns), t002 (n = 24; 10 PFGE patterns), t067 (n = 12; four PFGE patterns), t050 (n = 12; one PFGE pattern), and t324 (n = 11; one PFGE pattern). Epidemiological investigations identified 91 single cases and 39 transmission chains, each involving two to 13 cases. All the transmission chains were held together both by spa and PFGE typing. Among the 91 single-case isolates, 33 spa types and 50 PFGE patterns were unique (matchless) at the time of identification. The low prevalence of MRSA, the low number of outbreaks, and the wide spectrum of strains due to frequent acquisitions abroad (49% of the cases), makes spa typing a useful complement to epidemiological investigations in our setting. However, we still recommend the continued use of PFGE for further discrimination of isolates with identical spa types when epidemiological data can not exclude possible transmission. (Less)
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
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in
Clinical Microbiology and Infection
volume
16
pages
456 - 462
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000276245100010
  • pmid:19624504
  • scopus:77952944421
ISSN
1469-0691
DOI
10.1111/j.1469-0691.2009.02881.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
be834372-c842-41c7-bcbc-59a80992a41d (old id 1452912)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19624504?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2009-08-05 10:10:38
date last changed
2018-07-01 04:23:36
@article{be834372-c842-41c7-bcbc-59a80992a41d,
  abstract     = {Clin Microbiol InfectAbstract The usefulness of spa typing was evaluated in relation to pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), as a tool for epidemiological typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a low-prevalence region in southern Sweden. Bacterial isolates from 216 MRSA cases, newly identified in 2000-2004, were studied. The isolates were obtained from infected patients (31%), and from colonized individuals found by screening (69%). In total, 49 spa types and 73 PFGE patterns were identified. The discriminatory power of spa typing was lower (94.9 +/- 1.8%) than that of PFGE (97.3 +/- 1.2%). For two spa types (t002 and t008) the Panton-Valentine leukocidin results added useful discriminatory information. The most common spa types were t044 (n = 31; four PFGE patterns), t002 (n = 24; 10 PFGE patterns), t067 (n = 12; four PFGE patterns), t050 (n = 12; one PFGE pattern), and t324 (n = 11; one PFGE pattern). Epidemiological investigations identified 91 single cases and 39 transmission chains, each involving two to 13 cases. All the transmission chains were held together both by spa and PFGE typing. Among the 91 single-case isolates, 33 spa types and 50 PFGE patterns were unique (matchless) at the time of identification. The low prevalence of MRSA, the low number of outbreaks, and the wide spectrum of strains due to frequent acquisitions abroad (49% of the cases), makes spa typing a useful complement to epidemiological investigations in our setting. However, we still recommend the continued use of PFGE for further discrimination of isolates with identical spa types when epidemiological data can not exclude possible transmission.},
  author       = {Petersson, A C and Olsson-Liljequist, B and Miörner, Håkan and Hæggman, S},
  issn         = {1469-0691},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {456--462},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Clinical Microbiology and Infection},
  title        = {Evaluating the usefulness of spa typing, in comparison with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, for epidemiological typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a low-prevalence region in Sweden 2000-2004.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-0691.2009.02881.x},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2010},
}