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Phosphonic Acid Adsorption at the TiO2 anatase (101) surface investigated by periodic hybrid HF-DFT computations

Nilsing, M.; Lunell, S.; Persson, Petter LU and Ojamäe, L. (2005) In Surface Science 582(1-3). p.49-60
Abstract
Phosphonic acid (H3PO3) is a candidate as an anchor group that can be used to bind a wide range of molecules to TiO2 surfaces, with practical applications for example in dye-sensitized solar cells. Adsorption geometries and energies of H3PO3 on the TiO2 anatase (1 0 1) surface have therefore been investigated using quantum-chemical periodic hybrid ab initio Hartree Fock density functional theory calculations employing the B3LYP functional and a split-valence basis set. According to the calculations, the most stable adsorption arrangement is a molecular monodentate configuration with a calculated adsorption energy of 47.1 kcal/mol. There are several additional molecular monodentate and dissociative bidentate adsorption modes with calculated... (More)
Phosphonic acid (H3PO3) is a candidate as an anchor group that can be used to bind a wide range of molecules to TiO2 surfaces, with practical applications for example in dye-sensitized solar cells. Adsorption geometries and energies of H3PO3 on the TiO2 anatase (1 0 1) surface have therefore been investigated using quantum-chemical periodic hybrid ab initio Hartree Fock density functional theory calculations employing the B3LYP functional and a split-valence basis set. According to the calculations, the most stable adsorption arrangement is a molecular monodentate configuration with a calculated adsorption energy of 47.1 kcal/mol. There are several additional molecular monodentate and dissociative bidentate adsorption modes with calculated adsorption energies exceeding 40 kcal/mol. For comparison, we have also calculated the adsorption strength of formic acid (HCOOH), which is the currently most widely used anchor group in the solar cell applications, at the same level of theory, to be weaker than 30 kcal/mol. The greater adsorption strength of phosphonic acid compared to formic acid is in good agreement with experimental observations regarding differences in the long-term stability between the two different anchor groups. Implications of the current findings for the design of better dye-sensitized solar cells are discussed. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Surface Science
volume
582
issue
1-3
pages
49 - 60
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:17944373236
ISSN
0039-6028
DOI
10.1016/j.susc.2005.02.044
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
19fda32f-2702-43f8-8bf7-68cc68d03910 (old id 1457769)
date added to LUP
2009-08-31 11:27:04
date last changed
2017-08-20 04:16:30
@article{19fda32f-2702-43f8-8bf7-68cc68d03910,
  abstract     = {Phosphonic acid (H3PO3) is a candidate as an anchor group that can be used to bind a wide range of molecules to TiO2 surfaces, with practical applications for example in dye-sensitized solar cells. Adsorption geometries and energies of H3PO3 on the TiO2 anatase (1 0 1) surface have therefore been investigated using quantum-chemical periodic hybrid ab initio Hartree Fock density functional theory calculations employing the B3LYP functional and a split-valence basis set. According to the calculations, the most stable adsorption arrangement is a molecular monodentate configuration with a calculated adsorption energy of 47.1 kcal/mol. There are several additional molecular monodentate and dissociative bidentate adsorption modes with calculated adsorption energies exceeding 40 kcal/mol. For comparison, we have also calculated the adsorption strength of formic acid (HCOOH), which is the currently most widely used anchor group in the solar cell applications, at the same level of theory, to be weaker than 30 kcal/mol. The greater adsorption strength of phosphonic acid compared to formic acid is in good agreement with experimental observations regarding differences in the long-term stability between the two different anchor groups. Implications of the current findings for the design of better dye-sensitized solar cells are discussed.},
  author       = {Nilsing, M. and Lunell, S. and Persson, Petter and Ojamäe, L.},
  issn         = {0039-6028},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-3},
  pages        = {49--60},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Surface Science},
  title        = {Phosphonic Acid Adsorption at the TiO2 anatase (101) surface investigated by periodic hybrid HF-DFT computations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.susc.2005.02.044},
  volume       = {582},
  year         = {2005},
}