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Sourcing flint from Sweden and Denmark: A pilot study employing non-destructive energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry

Hughes, Richard; Högberg, Anders LU and Olausson, Deborah LU (2010) In Journal of Nordic Archaeological Science 17. p.15-25
Abstract
This article presents the results of a pilot study exploring the feasibility of using non-destructive energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrometry for chemical sourcing of flint from southern Sweden and eastern Denmark. EDXRF results showed that flint samples from Stevns Klint are all chemically alike on the basis of Si/Ca/Fe and Ca/Fe ratio data, yet they possess markedly different visual qualities and are of different geological ages. Samples from Södra Sallerup, Sweden and Stevns Klint, Denmark are chemically similar. The chalk slabs at Södra Sallerup are re-deposited by glacial ice; therefore the results of the chemical analysis may indicate that the slabs originate from the same formation as that which emerges at Stevns... (More)
This article presents the results of a pilot study exploring the feasibility of using non-destructive energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrometry for chemical sourcing of flint from southern Sweden and eastern Denmark. EDXRF results showed that flint samples from Stevns Klint are all chemically alike on the basis of Si/Ca/Fe and Ca/Fe ratio data, yet they possess markedly different visual qualities and are of different geological ages. Samples from Södra Sallerup, Sweden and Stevns Klint, Denmark are chemically similar. The chalk slabs at Södra Sallerup are re-deposited by glacial ice; therefore the results of the chemical analysis may indicate that the slabs originate from the same formation as that which emerges at Stevns Klint. The samples from Klagshamn, Östra Torp and Smygehuk are visually alike and bear the same chemical signature; all three originate from the same geological formation of Danian age but are from different localities. Common Kristianstad Flint (Hanaskog) is distinctive in appearance and the results of the EDXRF instrumental analysis yielded a corresponding unique Ca/Fe chemical signature. In summary, the pilot study successfully revealed distinctions among flint from three geographical areas: eastern Denmark and southwestern Sweden (Stevns Klint, Møns Klint, Södra Sallerup), south and southwestern Sweden (Klagshamn, Östra Torp, Smygehuk) and southeastern Sweden (Hanaskog). (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
flint, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) analysis, chemical sourcing, south Sweden, Denmark
in
Journal of Nordic Archaeological Science
volume
17
pages
15 - 25
publisher
Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet, Stockholms universitet
ISSN
1650-1519
project
Sourcing flint and flint artefacts from Sweden and Denmark by means of Non-Destructive Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (EDAX)
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e8f9d108-0d31-44f7-ba51-9b07fd9dfb7f (old id 1458431)
date added to LUP
2009-08-19 15:55:08
date last changed
2018-05-29 10:08:59
@article{e8f9d108-0d31-44f7-ba51-9b07fd9dfb7f,
  abstract     = {This article presents the results of a pilot study exploring the feasibility of using non-destructive energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrometry for chemical sourcing of flint from southern Sweden and eastern Denmark. EDXRF results showed that flint samples from Stevns Klint are all chemically alike on the basis of Si/Ca/Fe and Ca/Fe ratio data, yet they possess markedly different visual qualities and are of different geological ages. Samples from Södra Sallerup, Sweden and Stevns Klint, Denmark are chemically similar. The chalk slabs at Södra Sallerup are re-deposited by glacial ice; therefore the results of the chemical analysis may indicate that the slabs originate from the same formation as that which emerges at Stevns Klint. The samples from Klagshamn, Östra Torp and Smygehuk are visually alike and bear the same chemical signature; all three originate from the same geological formation of Danian age but are from different localities. Common Kristianstad Flint (Hanaskog) is distinctive in appearance and the results of the EDXRF instrumental analysis yielded a corresponding unique Ca/Fe chemical signature. In summary, the pilot study successfully revealed distinctions among flint from three geographical areas: eastern Denmark and southwestern Sweden (Stevns Klint, Møns Klint, Södra Sallerup), south and southwestern Sweden (Klagshamn, Östra Torp, Smygehuk) and southeastern Sweden (Hanaskog).},
  author       = {Hughes, Richard and Högberg, Anders and Olausson, Deborah},
  issn         = {1650-1519},
  keyword      = {flint,energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) analysis,chemical sourcing,south Sweden,Denmark},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {15--25},
  publisher    = {Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet, Stockholms universitet},
  series       = {Journal of Nordic Archaeological Science},
  title        = {Sourcing flint from Sweden and Denmark: A pilot study employing non-destructive energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2010},
}