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Aromatic polysulfone copolymers for gas separation membrane applications

Camacho-Zuniga, C.; Ruiz-Trevino, F. A.; Hernandez-Lopez, S.; Zolotukhin, M. G.; Maurer, Frans LU and Gonzalez-Montiel, A. (2009) In Journal of Membrane Science 340(1-2). p.221-226
Abstract
New polysulfone (PSF) copolymers from bis(4-fluorophenyl)sulfone and based on equimolar mixtures of the rigid/compact naphthalene moiety with bulky connectors from bisphenols: tetramethyl, hexafluoro, and tetramethyl hexafluoro, respectively, were synthesized to measure significant physical properties related to the gas separation field. The flexible and transparent polymer dense films TM-NPSF, HF-NPSF and TMHF-NPSF show high glass transition temperatures Tg congruent to 230 degrees C and high decomposition temperatures To congruent to 400 degrees C (10wt.% loss, in air). Free volume cavity sizes, as determined by PALS, are in the range of 94-139 angstrom(3). Their gas permeability and selectivity combinations of properties, measured at 35... (More)
New polysulfone (PSF) copolymers from bis(4-fluorophenyl)sulfone and based on equimolar mixtures of the rigid/compact naphthalene moiety with bulky connectors from bisphenols: tetramethyl, hexafluoro, and tetramethyl hexafluoro, respectively, were synthesized to measure significant physical properties related to the gas separation field. The flexible and transparent polymer dense films TM-NPSF, HF-NPSF and TMHF-NPSF show high glass transition temperatures Tg congruent to 230 degrees C and high decomposition temperatures To congruent to 400 degrees C (10wt.% loss, in air). Free volume cavity sizes, as determined by PALS, are in the range of 94-139 angstrom(3). Their gas permeability and selectivity combinations of properties, measured at 35 degrees C and 2 atm, are very attractive since their selectivity for the pair of gases H-2/CH4,O-2/N-2, and CO2/CH4 are higher than those for commercial PSF membranes, having similar or superior permeability coefficients for the most permeable gases H-2, O-2, and CO2. Especially important is the tetramethyl naphthalene polysulfone TM-NPSF membrane which reports selectivities for H-2/CH4, O-2/N-2 and CO2/CH4 of 122, 7.6 and 38 with corresponding permeability coefficients (in Barters) of 17 for H-2, 1.2 for O-2, and 5.2 for CO2. These results are interpreted in terms of free volume size and glass transition temperature together with the respective contribution of gas solubility and diffusivity to the overall selectivity coefficients. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
volume, Free, Gas separation membranes, Polysulfone, Aromatic copolymers, Positron annihilation
in
Journal of Membrane Science
volume
340
issue
1-2
pages
221 - 226
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000268346900024
  • scopus:67649486823
ISSN
0376-7388
DOI
10.1016/j.memsci.2009.05.033
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5e3ba5e0-ba61-46eb-8ad6-2bd9ff1bca82 (old id 1460520)
date added to LUP
2009-08-24 16:06:21
date last changed
2017-12-10 04:02:03
@article{5e3ba5e0-ba61-46eb-8ad6-2bd9ff1bca82,
  abstract     = {New polysulfone (PSF) copolymers from bis(4-fluorophenyl)sulfone and based on equimolar mixtures of the rigid/compact naphthalene moiety with bulky connectors from bisphenols: tetramethyl, hexafluoro, and tetramethyl hexafluoro, respectively, were synthesized to measure significant physical properties related to the gas separation field. The flexible and transparent polymer dense films TM-NPSF, HF-NPSF and TMHF-NPSF show high glass transition temperatures Tg congruent to 230 degrees C and high decomposition temperatures To congruent to 400 degrees C (10wt.% loss, in air). Free volume cavity sizes, as determined by PALS, are in the range of 94-139 angstrom(3). Their gas permeability and selectivity combinations of properties, measured at 35 degrees C and 2 atm, are very attractive since their selectivity for the pair of gases H-2/CH4,O-2/N-2, and CO2/CH4 are higher than those for commercial PSF membranes, having similar or superior permeability coefficients for the most permeable gases H-2, O-2, and CO2. Especially important is the tetramethyl naphthalene polysulfone TM-NPSF membrane which reports selectivities for H-2/CH4, O-2/N-2 and CO2/CH4 of 122, 7.6 and 38 with corresponding permeability coefficients (in Barters) of 17 for H-2, 1.2 for O-2, and 5.2 for CO2. These results are interpreted in terms of free volume size and glass transition temperature together with the respective contribution of gas solubility and diffusivity to the overall selectivity coefficients. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Camacho-Zuniga, C. and Ruiz-Trevino, F. A. and Hernandez-Lopez, S. and Zolotukhin, M. G. and Maurer, Frans and Gonzalez-Montiel, A.},
  issn         = {0376-7388},
  keyword      = {volume,Free,Gas separation membranes,Polysulfone,Aromatic copolymers,Positron annihilation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-2},
  pages        = {221--226},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Membrane Science},
  title        = {Aromatic polysulfone copolymers for gas separation membrane applications},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2009.05.033},
  volume       = {340},
  year         = {2009},
}