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Temperament and Character Associated With Depressive Symptoms in Women: Analysis of Two Genetically Informative Samples

Yuh, Jongil; Neiderhiser, Jenae M.; Lichtenstein, Paul; Hansson, Kjell LU ; Cederblad, Marianne LU ; Elthammer, Olle and Reiss, David (2009) In Journal of Clinical Psychology 65(9). p.906-924
Abstract
Although previous research has explored associations between personality and depressive symptoms, a limited number of studies have assessed the extent to which genetic and environmental influences explain the association. This study investigated how temperament and character were associated with depressive symptoms in 131 pairs of twin and sibling women in early adulthood, as well as 326 pairs of twin women in middle adulthood. Results indicated that genetic influences accounted for a moderate to substantial percentage of the association between these personality features and depressive symptoms, emphasizing the role of genetic influences. Nonshared environmental influences made important contributions to the association between character... (More)
Although previous research has explored associations between personality and depressive symptoms, a limited number of studies have assessed the extent to which genetic and environmental influences explain the association. This study investigated how temperament and character were associated with depressive symptoms in 131 pairs of twin and sibling women in early adulthood, as well as 326 pairs of twin women in middle adulthood. Results indicated that genetic influences accounted for a moderate to substantial percentage of the association between these personality features and depressive symptoms, emphasizing the role of genetic influences. Nonshared environmental influences made important contributions to the association between character and depressive symptoms, particularly in the sample of middle-aged twin women. These findings suggest that unique social experiences and relationships with a partner in adulthood may play an important role in these associations between character and depressive symptoms. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Psychol 65:906-924, 2009. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Twin study, depressive symptoms, temperament, character, Family study
in
Journal of Clinical Psychology
volume
65
issue
9
pages
906 - 924
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • wos:000269373200002
  • scopus:70349481337
ISSN
0021-9762
DOI
10.1002/jclp.20587
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cb5b2ff3-1aec-4973-8cef-6c07de6c4cad (old id 1476260)
date added to LUP
2009-09-29 14:10:56
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:16:06
@article{cb5b2ff3-1aec-4973-8cef-6c07de6c4cad,
  abstract     = {Although previous research has explored associations between personality and depressive symptoms, a limited number of studies have assessed the extent to which genetic and environmental influences explain the association. This study investigated how temperament and character were associated with depressive symptoms in 131 pairs of twin and sibling women in early adulthood, as well as 326 pairs of twin women in middle adulthood. Results indicated that genetic influences accounted for a moderate to substantial percentage of the association between these personality features and depressive symptoms, emphasizing the role of genetic influences. Nonshared environmental influences made important contributions to the association between character and depressive symptoms, particularly in the sample of middle-aged twin women. These findings suggest that unique social experiences and relationships with a partner in adulthood may play an important role in these associations between character and depressive symptoms. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Psychol 65:906-924, 2009.},
  author       = {Yuh, Jongil and Neiderhiser, Jenae M. and Lichtenstein, Paul and Hansson, Kjell and Cederblad, Marianne and Elthammer, Olle and Reiss, David},
  issn         = {0021-9762},
  keyword      = {Twin study,depressive symptoms,temperament,character,Family study},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {906--924},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Journal of Clinical Psychology},
  title        = {Temperament and Character Associated With Depressive Symptoms in Women: Analysis of Two Genetically Informative Samples},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20587},
  volume       = {65},
  year         = {2009},
}