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Interactions between family members and staff in intensive care units-An observation and interview study.

Söderström, Ing-Marie LU ; Saveman, Britt-Inger LU and Benzein, Eva (2006) In International Journal of Nursing Studies 43(6). p.707-716
Abstract
Background: Research about interactions between family members and staff are sparse, although family members’ needs and experiences in intensive care units are well researched areas.



Aim: The aim was to describe and interpret interactions between family members and staff in intensive care units.



Methods: Interviews (n=24) with family members and repeated observations of interactions of family members and staff in intensive care units were performed and analysed together by means of content analysis.



Results: The initial interactions between staff and family members had a substantial effect on family members and influenced their further interactions with the staff. Two kinds of... (More)
Background: Research about interactions between family members and staff are sparse, although family members’ needs and experiences in intensive care units are well researched areas.



Aim: The aim was to describe and interpret interactions between family members and staff in intensive care units.



Methods: Interviews (n=24) with family members and repeated observations of interactions of family members and staff in intensive care units were performed and analysed together by means of content analysis.



Results: The initial interactions between staff and family members had a substantial effect on family members and influenced their further interactions with the staff. Two kinds of interactions were revealed; mutual understanding and mutual misunderstanding. Family members, who understood the explicit information and the implicit messages were open in communication with the staff, adjusted well to the system, were acknowledged by the staff and sometimes consoled. Family members, who had difficulties understanding information and implicit messages drew back from communication with staff, did not adjust to the system and were sometimes insulted by the staff.



Conclusions: Unambiguous information from the staff is important for developing interactions of mutual understanding. The results may be a starting point for intensive care unit staff to reflect on how all family members are initially met and further informed and treated. Further research of family members’ experiences of interactions with staff in a longitudinal perspective and the influence of critical illness on families are needed. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Staff, Intensive care, Family members, Observations, Interactions
in
International Journal of Nursing Studies
volume
43
issue
6
pages
707 - 716
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000239379400006
  • scopus:33745636827
  • pmid:16310196
ISSN
1873-491X
DOI
10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2005.10.005
language
English
LU publication?
yes
additional info
The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Department of Health Sciences (013220000), Unit of Gerontology and Care for the Elderly (Closed 2012) (016500500), Division of Occupational Therapy (Closed 2012) (013025000)
id
f15909db-94c0-49b9-85c0-0a0c395198f1 (old id 147718)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 11:56:33
date last changed
2021-05-26 01:36:05
@article{f15909db-94c0-49b9-85c0-0a0c395198f1,
  abstract     = {Background: Research about interactions between family members and staff are sparse, although family members’ needs and experiences in intensive care units are well researched areas.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Aim: The aim was to describe and interpret interactions between family members and staff in intensive care units.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Methods: Interviews (n=24) with family members and repeated observations of interactions of family members and staff in intensive care units were performed and analysed together by means of content analysis.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Results: The initial interactions between staff and family members had a substantial effect on family members and influenced their further interactions with the staff. Two kinds of interactions were revealed; mutual understanding and mutual misunderstanding. Family members, who understood the explicit information and the implicit messages were open in communication with the staff, adjusted well to the system, were acknowledged by the staff and sometimes consoled. Family members, who had difficulties understanding information and implicit messages drew back from communication with staff, did not adjust to the system and were sometimes insulted by the staff.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Conclusions: Unambiguous information from the staff is important for developing interactions of mutual understanding. The results may be a starting point for intensive care unit staff to reflect on how all family members are initially met and further informed and treated. Further research of family members’ experiences of interactions with staff in a longitudinal perspective and the influence of critical illness on families are needed.},
  author       = {Söderström, Ing-Marie and Saveman, Britt-Inger and Benzein, Eva},
  issn         = {1873-491X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {707--716},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {International Journal of Nursing Studies},
  title        = {Interactions between family members and staff in intensive care units-An observation and interview study.},
  url          = {https://lup.lub.lu.se/search/ws/files/2712344/625145.pdf},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2005.10.005},
  volume       = {43},
  year         = {2006},
}