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Partial melting of diverse crustal sources - Constraints from Sr-Nd-O isotope compositions of quartz diorite-granodiorite-leucogranite associations (Kaoko Belt, Namibia)

Jung, Stefan LU ; Masberg, Peter; Mihm, Daniela and Hoernes, Stephan (2009) Session on Formation and Evolution of Grantic Magmas held at the 17th VM Goldschmidt Conference In Lithos 111(3-4). p.236-251
Abstract
The Torrabaai-Koigabmond Complex (southern Kaoko Belt, Namibia) consists of three main intrusive rock types including metaluminous hornblende- and titanite-bearing quartz diorites, metaluminous hornblende- and biotite-bearing granodiorites and peraluminous garnet- and muscovite-bearing leucogranites. Uranium-Pb zircon data obtained on the granodiorites and leucogranites indicate concordia upper intercept ages of 553 +/- 40 Ma although Pb-207/Pb-206 ages of ca. 650 Ma in zircon from the granodiorites suggest some inheritance of older material. Uranium-Pb monazite data obtained on the leucogranites give concordant ages of 550 Ma +/- 3 Ma. These ages are similar to the Rb-87/Sr-86 whole rock age of 584 +/- 35 Ma obtained on the granodiorites... (More)
The Torrabaai-Koigabmond Complex (southern Kaoko Belt, Namibia) consists of three main intrusive rock types including metaluminous hornblende- and titanite-bearing quartz diorites, metaluminous hornblende- and biotite-bearing granodiorites and peraluminous garnet- and muscovite-bearing leucogranites. Uranium-Pb zircon data obtained on the granodiorites and leucogranites indicate concordia upper intercept ages of 553 +/- 40 Ma although Pb-207/Pb-206 ages of ca. 650 Ma in zircon from the granodiorites suggest some inheritance of older material. Uranium-Pb monazite data obtained on the leucogranites give concordant ages of 550 Ma +/- 3 Ma. These ages are similar to the Rb-87/Sr-86 whole rock age of 584 +/- 35 Ma obtained on the granodiorites and leucogranites although the Rb-Sr age seems to be biased towards older ages due to limited assimilation of older material. In contrast to other plutonic complexes from the Kaoko Belt, the quartz diorites, granodiorites and granites show a restricted range in their initial Nd, Sr and O isotope compositions (quartz diorites: epsilon(Nd) ((init.)): -5.4 to -6.7; delta O-18: 8.3-9.4 parts per thousand; Sr-87/Sr-86: 0.7081-0.7098; granodiorites: epsilon(Nd) ((init.)): -6.1 to -7.7; delta O-18: 9.9-10.9 parts per thousand; Sr-87/Sr-86: 0.7071-0.7105; leucogranites: epsilon(Nd) ((init)): -4.9 to -8.7; delta O-18: 9.8-11.3 parts per thousand; Sr-87/Sr-86: 0.7060-0.7125). Enclaves are found in the granodiorites and leucogranites but not in the quartz diorites. They have a granodioritic composition with quartz, plagioclase, K-feldspar and hornblende and some have additional garnet. Relative to the country rock gneisses (the so called Nk Formation), enclaves are depleted in SiO2, Na2O, K2O, Sr, Ba and enriched in CaO, FeO(total), MgO, TiO2, Sc, V, Cr, Ni, Rb and Y. Rare garnet-bearing enclaves are additionally depleted in LREE and enriched in HREE relative to the granodiorites. These features are qualitatively consistent with the hypothesis that these enclaves may represent moderately depleted melting residues of Nk Formation gneisses. In comparison with experimentally derived melts and based on low Al2O3/ (FeO + MgO + TiO2) ratios and high Al2O3 + FeO + MgO + TiO2 values it is suggested that the quartz diorites are generated by dehydration melting of a mafic, amphibole- and plagioclase-bearing lower crustal source of Pan-African age. The granodiorites likely represent fractionation products of the quartz diorites. However, it is also possible that the granodiorites represent partial melting products of a mafic to intermediate lower crustal source but experienced likely slightly lower degrees of melting probably at water present conditions. The leucogranites display higher Al2O3/ (FeO + MgO + TiO2) ratios but lower Al2O3 + FeO + MgO + TiO2 values and are most likely generated by biotite dehydration melting of felsic crustal sources. Major and trace element and isotope variations indicate that fractional crystallization with only limited crustal contamination was the major rock-forming mechanism. it is suggested that most of the isotope variation reflects pre-existing heterogeneities of the sources. Consequently, interpretation of geochemicaland isotope data from the complex suggests that the Pan-African igneous activity in this part of the Damara-Kaoko Belt was not a major crust-forming episode and all rock types represent reprocessed crustal material. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Partial melting, Quartz diorite-granite, Pan-African, Kaoko Belt, Sr-Nd-O isotopes
in
Lithos
volume
111
issue
3-4
pages
236 - 251
publisher
Elsevier
conference name
Session on Formation and Evolution of Grantic Magmas held at the 17th VM Goldschmidt Conference
external identifiers
  • wos:000268835900010
  • scopus:77956481616
ISSN
1872-6143
0024-4937
DOI
10.1016/j.lithos.2008.10.010
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8aa961fa-0662-415f-9a87-b69cf6143167 (old id 1478166)
date added to LUP
2009-09-29 10:34:15
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:35:24
@inproceedings{8aa961fa-0662-415f-9a87-b69cf6143167,
  abstract     = {The Torrabaai-Koigabmond Complex (southern Kaoko Belt, Namibia) consists of three main intrusive rock types including metaluminous hornblende- and titanite-bearing quartz diorites, metaluminous hornblende- and biotite-bearing granodiorites and peraluminous garnet- and muscovite-bearing leucogranites. Uranium-Pb zircon data obtained on the granodiorites and leucogranites indicate concordia upper intercept ages of 553 +/- 40 Ma although Pb-207/Pb-206 ages of ca. 650 Ma in zircon from the granodiorites suggest some inheritance of older material. Uranium-Pb monazite data obtained on the leucogranites give concordant ages of 550 Ma +/- 3 Ma. These ages are similar to the Rb-87/Sr-86 whole rock age of 584 +/- 35 Ma obtained on the granodiorites and leucogranites although the Rb-Sr age seems to be biased towards older ages due to limited assimilation of older material. In contrast to other plutonic complexes from the Kaoko Belt, the quartz diorites, granodiorites and granites show a restricted range in their initial Nd, Sr and O isotope compositions (quartz diorites: epsilon(Nd) ((init.)): -5.4 to -6.7; delta O-18: 8.3-9.4 parts per thousand; Sr-87/Sr-86: 0.7081-0.7098; granodiorites: epsilon(Nd) ((init.)): -6.1 to -7.7; delta O-18: 9.9-10.9 parts per thousand; Sr-87/Sr-86: 0.7071-0.7105; leucogranites: epsilon(Nd) ((init)): -4.9 to -8.7; delta O-18: 9.8-11.3 parts per thousand; Sr-87/Sr-86: 0.7060-0.7125). Enclaves are found in the granodiorites and leucogranites but not in the quartz diorites. They have a granodioritic composition with quartz, plagioclase, K-feldspar and hornblende and some have additional garnet. Relative to the country rock gneisses (the so called Nk Formation), enclaves are depleted in SiO2, Na2O, K2O, Sr, Ba and enriched in CaO, FeO(total), MgO, TiO2, Sc, V, Cr, Ni, Rb and Y. Rare garnet-bearing enclaves are additionally depleted in LREE and enriched in HREE relative to the granodiorites. These features are qualitatively consistent with the hypothesis that these enclaves may represent moderately depleted melting residues of Nk Formation gneisses. In comparison with experimentally derived melts and based on low Al2O3/ (FeO + MgO + TiO2) ratios and high Al2O3 + FeO + MgO + TiO2 values it is suggested that the quartz diorites are generated by dehydration melting of a mafic, amphibole- and plagioclase-bearing lower crustal source of Pan-African age. The granodiorites likely represent fractionation products of the quartz diorites. However, it is also possible that the granodiorites represent partial melting products of a mafic to intermediate lower crustal source but experienced likely slightly lower degrees of melting probably at water present conditions. The leucogranites display higher Al2O3/ (FeO + MgO + TiO2) ratios but lower Al2O3 + FeO + MgO + TiO2 values and are most likely generated by biotite dehydration melting of felsic crustal sources. Major and trace element and isotope variations indicate that fractional crystallization with only limited crustal contamination was the major rock-forming mechanism. it is suggested that most of the isotope variation reflects pre-existing heterogeneities of the sources. Consequently, interpretation of geochemicaland isotope data from the complex suggests that the Pan-African igneous activity in this part of the Damara-Kaoko Belt was not a major crust-forming episode and all rock types represent reprocessed crustal material. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Jung, Stefan and Masberg, Peter and Mihm, Daniela and Hoernes, Stephan},
  booktitle    = {Lithos},
  issn         = {1872-6143},
  keyword      = {Partial melting,Quartz diorite-granite,Pan-African,Kaoko Belt,Sr-Nd-O isotopes},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3-4},
  pages        = {236--251},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  title        = {Partial melting of diverse crustal sources - Constraints from Sr-Nd-O isotope compositions of quartz diorite-granodiorite-leucogranite associations (Kaoko Belt, Namibia)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2008.10.010},
  volume       = {111},
  year         = {2009},
}