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A longitudinal 2-year follow-up of quality of life in women referred for colposcopy after an abnormal cervical smear.

Hellsten, Charlotte LU ; Sjöström, Karin LU and Lindqvist, Pelle LU (2009) In European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology 147(2). p.221-225
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term impact on quality of life (QoL) in women referred for colposcopy after an abnormal cervical smear. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred consecutive women referred for colposcopy for the first time subsequent to receiving notification of an abnormal cervical smear. Women in the study group completed the Swedish Health Survey Short Form-36 (SF-36), the State/Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI, Form Y), and the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale, Self-rate (MADRS-S). The women had follow-up visits at 6 months and 2 years. RESULTS: The baseline mean for the mental component summary score and for all mental subscale scores on the SF-36 were statistically significantly lower than Swedish normative data for women. At... (More)
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term impact on quality of life (QoL) in women referred for colposcopy after an abnormal cervical smear. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred consecutive women referred for colposcopy for the first time subsequent to receiving notification of an abnormal cervical smear. Women in the study group completed the Swedish Health Survey Short Form-36 (SF-36), the State/Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI, Form Y), and the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale, Self-rate (MADRS-S). The women had follow-up visits at 6 months and 2 years. RESULTS: The baseline mean for the mental component summary score and for all mental subscale scores on the SF-36 were statistically significantly lower than Swedish normative data for women. At the end of 2 years, the mental component summary scale and vitality were still significantly lower than such data. There were no differences in QoL between women having had treatment with Large Loop Excision of the Transformation Zone (LLETZ) compared to those who did not. When studied separately, non-depressed women felt no impact on QoL whereas women with higher depression scores judged their mental health QoL worse. CONCLUSIONS: Women experienced long-lasting negative effects on their mental health, but not on their physical health after referral for colposcopy. LLETZ had no measurable influence on QoL at any of the visits. This indicates that it is not the severity of the lesions or the treatment itself that affects women but the fact of having had an abnormal cervical smear identified. Depressive mood may be a major variable for the perception of low QoL. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Quality of life, SF-36, STAI, Anxiety, colposcopy, LLETZ
in
European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
volume
147
issue
2
pages
221 - 225
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000272787900021
  • pmid:19782459
  • scopus:71849097308
ISSN
0301-2115
DOI
10.1016/j.ejogrb.2009.09.002
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
952d74d5-aa0e-4b0d-ba23-236b353dd9b3 (old id 1483172)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19782459?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2012-01-18 14:44:14
date last changed
2017-08-13 03:27:41
@article{952d74d5-aa0e-4b0d-ba23-236b353dd9b3,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term impact on quality of life (QoL) in women referred for colposcopy after an abnormal cervical smear. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred consecutive women referred for colposcopy for the first time subsequent to receiving notification of an abnormal cervical smear. Women in the study group completed the Swedish Health Survey Short Form-36 (SF-36), the State/Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI, Form Y), and the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale, Self-rate (MADRS-S). The women had follow-up visits at 6 months and 2 years. RESULTS: The baseline mean for the mental component summary score and for all mental subscale scores on the SF-36 were statistically significantly lower than Swedish normative data for women. At the end of 2 years, the mental component summary scale and vitality were still significantly lower than such data. There were no differences in QoL between women having had treatment with Large Loop Excision of the Transformation Zone (LLETZ) compared to those who did not. When studied separately, non-depressed women felt no impact on QoL whereas women with higher depression scores judged their mental health QoL worse. CONCLUSIONS: Women experienced long-lasting negative effects on their mental health, but not on their physical health after referral for colposcopy. LLETZ had no measurable influence on QoL at any of the visits. This indicates that it is not the severity of the lesions or the treatment itself that affects women but the fact of having had an abnormal cervical smear identified. Depressive mood may be a major variable for the perception of low QoL.},
  author       = {Hellsten, Charlotte and Sjöström, Karin and Lindqvist, Pelle},
  issn         = {0301-2115},
  keyword      = {Quality of life,SF-36,STAI,Anxiety,colposcopy,LLETZ},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {221--225},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology},
  title        = {A longitudinal 2-year follow-up of quality of life in women referred for colposcopy after an abnormal cervical smear.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2009.09.002},
  volume       = {147},
  year         = {2009},
}