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Infections as a stimulus for coronary occlusion, obstruction, or acute coronary syndromes.

Pesonen, Erkki LU ; El-Segaier, Milad LU ; Persson, Kenneth LU ; Puolakkainen, Mirja; Sarna, Seppo; Öhlin, Hans LU and Pussinen, Pirkko J (2009) In Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease
Abstract
BACKGROUND: : Atherosclerosis is considered to be an inflammatory disease. Infections are a significant cause of inflammation. Acute infections might precipitate acute coronary syndromes (ACS) whereas chronic infections might be stimuli for the development of atherosclerosis. METHODS: : Coronary angiograms were done on 211 of 335 patients with ACS and the percentage of coronary obstruction was determined. Serum antibody levels to Chlamydia pneumoniae, C. pneumoniae heat shock protein 60 (CpnHSP60), human heat shock protein 60 (hHSP60), enterovirus (EV), herpes simplex virus (HSV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and two major periodontal pathogens, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas gingivalis, were measured in healthy controls... (More)
BACKGROUND: : Atherosclerosis is considered to be an inflammatory disease. Infections are a significant cause of inflammation. Acute infections might precipitate acute coronary syndromes (ACS) whereas chronic infections might be stimuli for the development of atherosclerosis. METHODS: : Coronary angiograms were done on 211 of 335 patients with ACS and the percentage of coronary obstruction was determined. Serum antibody levels to Chlamydia pneumoniae, C. pneumoniae heat shock protein 60 (CpnHSP60), human heat shock protein 60 (hHSP60), enterovirus (EV), herpes simplex virus (HSV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and two major periodontal pathogens, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas gingivalis, were measured in healthy controls (n = 355) and all patients. RESULTS: : Serum antibody levels to periodontal pathogens did not correlate with ACS. However, IgA-class antibody levels to Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (p = 0.021), CpnHSP60 (p = 0.048) an hHSP60 (p = 0.038) were higher in patients with coronary occlusion or obstruction compared to those without any obstruction. Odds ratios for coronary changes in the highest quartile as compared to the lower quartiles were for A. actinomycetemcomitans IgA 7.84 (95% CI 1.02-60.39, p = 0.048), for CpnHSP60 IgA 8.61 (1.12-65.89, p = 0.038), and for human HSP60 IgA 3.51 (0.79-15.69, p = 0.100). CONCLUSIONS: : We have previously reported that EV and HSV titres correlated significantly to acute coronary events. They do not correlate to the degree of coronary obstruction as shown here. However, infection by A. actinomycetemcomitans or C. pneumoniae or host response against them associated with coronary obstruction. Clinical coronary events may arise by the effect of acute infections and obstructing lesions by a chronic inflammatory stimulus. (Less)
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in
Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
external identifiers
  • pmid:19773293
  • scopus:75149191854
ISSN
1753-9447
DOI
10.1177/1753944709345598
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7bdebb12-7b48-4d9d-a65b-ed314081159d (old id 1483239)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19773293
date added to LUP
2013-08-06 15:28:40
date last changed
2017-07-30 04:07:36
@article{7bdebb12-7b48-4d9d-a65b-ed314081159d,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: : Atherosclerosis is considered to be an inflammatory disease. Infections are a significant cause of inflammation. Acute infections might precipitate acute coronary syndromes (ACS) whereas chronic infections might be stimuli for the development of atherosclerosis. METHODS: : Coronary angiograms were done on 211 of 335 patients with ACS and the percentage of coronary obstruction was determined. Serum antibody levels to Chlamydia pneumoniae, C. pneumoniae heat shock protein 60 (CpnHSP60), human heat shock protein 60 (hHSP60), enterovirus (EV), herpes simplex virus (HSV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and two major periodontal pathogens, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas gingivalis, were measured in healthy controls (n = 355) and all patients. RESULTS: : Serum antibody levels to periodontal pathogens did not correlate with ACS. However, IgA-class antibody levels to Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (p = 0.021), CpnHSP60 (p = 0.048) an hHSP60 (p = 0.038) were higher in patients with coronary occlusion or obstruction compared to those without any obstruction. Odds ratios for coronary changes in the highest quartile as compared to the lower quartiles were for A. actinomycetemcomitans IgA 7.84 (95% CI 1.02-60.39, p = 0.048), for CpnHSP60 IgA 8.61 (1.12-65.89, p = 0.038), and for human HSP60 IgA 3.51 (0.79-15.69, p = 0.100). CONCLUSIONS: : We have previously reported that EV and HSV titres correlated significantly to acute coronary events. They do not correlate to the degree of coronary obstruction as shown here. However, infection by A. actinomycetemcomitans or C. pneumoniae or host response against them associated with coronary obstruction. Clinical coronary events may arise by the effect of acute infections and obstructing lesions by a chronic inflammatory stimulus.},
  author       = {Pesonen, Erkki and El-Segaier, Milad and Persson, Kenneth and Puolakkainen, Mirja and Sarna, Seppo and Öhlin, Hans and Pussinen, Pirkko J},
  issn         = {1753-9447},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease},
  title        = {Infections as a stimulus for coronary occlusion, obstruction, or acute coronary syndromes.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1753944709345598},
  year         = {2009},
}