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A Study on Evaporative Resistances of Two Skins Designed for Thermal Manikin Tore under Different Environmental Conditions

Wang, Faming LU ; Gao, Chuansi LU ; Kuklane, Kalev LU and Holmér, Ingvar LU (2009) International Symposium of Textile Bioengineering and Informatics (TBIS) held at the 4th World-Association-for-Chinese-Biomedical-Engineers (WACBE) In Textile Bioengineering And Informatics Symposium Proceedings, Vols 1 And 2 p.211-215
Abstract
A cotton skin and Gore-Tex skin were designed for thermal manikin "Tore" to simulate different sweating styles (wet cotton skin inside and Gore-Tex outside to simulate sweating style of thermal manikin "Walter", and Gore-Tex skin inside with wet cotton skin outside to simulate sweating style of thermal manikins "Newton". The evaporative resistances of two skin combinations with clothing ensembles were compared at two different environmental conditions. In addition, the total evaporative resistance of clothing ensemble was calculated by both heat loss method (option 1) and mass loss method (option 2) according to ASTM F 2370. We found that the effect of different sweating mechanisms on clothing evaporative resistance should be considered.... (More)
A cotton skin and Gore-Tex skin were designed for thermal manikin "Tore" to simulate different sweating styles (wet cotton skin inside and Gore-Tex outside to simulate sweating style of thermal manikin "Walter", and Gore-Tex skin inside with wet cotton skin outside to simulate sweating style of thermal manikins "Newton". The evaporative resistances of two skin combinations with clothing ensembles were compared at two different environmental conditions. In addition, the total evaporative resistance of clothing ensemble was calculated by both heat loss method (option 1) and mass loss method (option 2) according to ASTM F 2370. We found that the effect of different sweating mechanisms on clothing evaporative resistance should be considered. The results showed that the total evaporative resistances obtained by option 2 were more accurate than values by option 1 under an isothermal condition. It was also found that total evaporative resistance differences between two skin combinations with clothing ensembles decreased with increasing clothing ensemble layer. In a non-isothermal condition, the total evaporative resistance calculated by option 1 was more accurate than value obtained by option 2, which was due to lower ambient temperature and condensation between each adjacent layer. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
thermal manikin, sweating, skin, evaporative resistance, heat loss, isothermal
in
Textile Bioengineering And Informatics Symposium Proceedings, Vols 1 And 2
pages
211 - 215
publisher
Hong Kong Polytechnic University
conference name
International Symposium of Textile Bioengineering and Informatics (TBIS) held at the 4th World-Association-for-Chinese-Biomedical-Engineers (WACBE)
external identifiers
  • wos:000270182100039
ISSN
1942-3438
DOI
10.3993/tbis2009039
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
27ef6187-3058-41d4-b543-af0677dc9c19 (old id 1489824)
date added to LUP
2009-10-21 11:02:38
date last changed
2016-07-06 09:09:34
@inproceedings{27ef6187-3058-41d4-b543-af0677dc9c19,
  abstract     = {A cotton skin and Gore-Tex skin were designed for thermal manikin "Tore" to simulate different sweating styles (wet cotton skin inside and Gore-Tex outside to simulate sweating style of thermal manikin "Walter", and Gore-Tex skin inside with wet cotton skin outside to simulate sweating style of thermal manikins "Newton". The evaporative resistances of two skin combinations with clothing ensembles were compared at two different environmental conditions. In addition, the total evaporative resistance of clothing ensemble was calculated by both heat loss method (option 1) and mass loss method (option 2) according to ASTM F 2370. We found that the effect of different sweating mechanisms on clothing evaporative resistance should be considered. The results showed that the total evaporative resistances obtained by option 2 were more accurate than values by option 1 under an isothermal condition. It was also found that total evaporative resistance differences between two skin combinations with clothing ensembles decreased with increasing clothing ensemble layer. In a non-isothermal condition, the total evaporative resistance calculated by option 1 was more accurate than value obtained by option 2, which was due to lower ambient temperature and condensation between each adjacent layer.},
  author       = {Wang, Faming and Gao, Chuansi and Kuklane, Kalev and Holmér, Ingvar},
  booktitle    = {Textile Bioengineering And Informatics Symposium Proceedings, Vols 1 And 2},
  issn         = {1942-3438},
  keyword      = {thermal manikin,sweating,skin,evaporative resistance,heat loss,isothermal},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {211--215},
  publisher    = {Hong Kong Polytechnic University},
  title        = {A Study on Evaporative Resistances of Two Skins Designed for Thermal Manikin Tore under Different Environmental Conditions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3993/tbis2009039},
  year         = {2009},
}