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Emergence of a Welfare State - Social Insurance in Sweden in the 1910s

Edebalk, Per Gunnar LU (2000) In Journal of Social Policy 29(4). p.537-551
Abstract
Two important dimensions of the Swedish social insurance system are those of universality (encompassing the entire population) and of compensation for loss of income. The decisions basic to the Swedish social insurance system and thus to the Swedish Welfare State were made during the 1910s. A universal pension insurance system was decided upon in 1913. This was the world's first universal public insurance system. Pensions were provided both in cases of disability and of a person reaching the age of 67. Important factors explaining this decision were that Sweden had the oldest population in the Western world and thus high expenditures for poor relief, and that as the reporting and taxation of individual incomes had just been introduced it... (More)
Two important dimensions of the Swedish social insurance system are those of universality (encompassing the entire population) and of compensation for loss of income. The decisions basic to the Swedish social insurance system and thus to the Swedish Welfare State were made during the 1910s. A universal pension insurance system was decided upon in 1913. This was the world's first universal public insurance system. Pensions were provided both in cases of disability and of a person reaching the age of 67. Important factors explaining this decision were that Sweden had the oldest population in the Western world and thus high expenditures for poor relief, and that as the reporting and taxation of individual incomes had just been introduced it became possible to finance a universal pension system by means of compulsory contributions by the individual (a special earmarked tax). The establishment of a pension insurance system provided the basis for a system of insurance for work-related injuries, in 1916. It included the entire workforce and was the most modern of its kind. The presence of a pension insurance system and insurance for work-related injuries pointed to the need for a sickness insurance system. This was designed to deal with simple cases of injury as well as with more serious cases of illness or injury that could lead to disability. A proposal was presented in 1919. A serious deflationary crisis after the First World War and high levels of unemployment during the period between the two world wars made it impossible to introduce a sickness insurance system. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Social Policy
volume
29
issue
4
pages
537 - 551
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:0033663335
ISSN
0047-2794
DOI
10.1017/S0047279400006085
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5980f38d-1e69-4342-9f31-28baae2949a4 (old id 149194)
date added to LUP
2007-06-25 08:20:12
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:08:21
@article{5980f38d-1e69-4342-9f31-28baae2949a4,
  abstract     = {Two important dimensions of the Swedish social insurance system are those of universality (encompassing the entire population) and of compensation for loss of income. The decisions basic to the Swedish social insurance system and thus to the Swedish Welfare State were made during the 1910s. A universal pension insurance system was decided upon in 1913. This was the world's first universal public insurance system. Pensions were provided both in cases of disability and of a person reaching the age of 67. Important factors explaining this decision were that Sweden had the oldest population in the Western world and thus high expenditures for poor relief, and that as the reporting and taxation of individual incomes had just been introduced it became possible to finance a universal pension system by means of compulsory contributions by the individual (a special earmarked tax). The establishment of a pension insurance system provided the basis for a system of insurance for work-related injuries, in 1916. It included the entire workforce and was the most modern of its kind. The presence of a pension insurance system and insurance for work-related injuries pointed to the need for a sickness insurance system. This was designed to deal with simple cases of injury as well as with more serious cases of illness or injury that could lead to disability. A proposal was presented in 1919. A serious deflationary crisis after the First World War and high levels of unemployment during the period between the two world wars made it impossible to introduce a sickness insurance system.},
  author       = {Edebalk, Per Gunnar},
  issn         = {0047-2794},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {537--551},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {Journal of Social Policy},
  title        = {Emergence of a Welfare State - Social Insurance in Sweden in the 1910s},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0047279400006085},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {2000},
}