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Not seeing the forest for the trees? The environmental effectiveness of forest certification in Sweden

Schlyter, Peter; Stjernquist, Ingrid and Bäckstrand, Karin LU (2009) In Forest Policy and Economics 11(5-6). p.375-382
Abstract
Forest certification can be conceived as one of many rapidly growing non-state market driven (NSMD) modes of governance. The environmental effectiveness of forest certification is oftentimes evaluated by indicators such as stringency of standards, degree of participation by key stakeholders, certified area, etc. In political science, forest certification as an NSMD governance arrangement is usually evaluated in terms of the quality of the decision-making procedures (input legitimacy) rather than for its problem solving capacity, i.e. its environmental performance or effectiveness. We conceptualize environmental effectiveness as a function of a standard's environmental stringency and the area covered by the standard, the latter dependent on... (More)
Forest certification can be conceived as one of many rapidly growing non-state market driven (NSMD) modes of governance. The environmental effectiveness of forest certification is oftentimes evaluated by indicators such as stringency of standards, degree of participation by key stakeholders, certified area, etc. In political science, forest certification as an NSMD governance arrangement is usually evaluated in terms of the quality of the decision-making procedures (input legitimacy) rather than for its problem solving capacity, i.e. its environmental performance or effectiveness. We conceptualize environmental effectiveness as a function of a standard's environmental stringency and the area covered by the standard, the latter dependent on the degree of social acceptance. Accordingly, the environmental effectiveness of different certification schemes ought to be evaluated taking both the standard stringency and the area certified into account. The forest certification process in Sweden illustrates how forestry history and regional differences affect the development, acceptance and adoption of different certification schemes. Industrial and Northern forestry owners favour the NGO led Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) standards whereas Southern small-scale private forest owners preferred to develop an alternative scheme the Programme for Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC). We demonstrate that there is a bifurcated geographical coverage of the two certification schemes along a north-south divide coupled with a similarity in standard stringency and a high degree of acceptance in their different areas of dominance. Both forest certification schemes display a similar degree of environmental effectiveness - but in different parts of the country and for different types of ownership. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Effectiveness, Legitimacy, Forest certification, Forest governance, Swedish forest policy, Non-state market driven governance
in
Forest Policy and Economics
volume
11
issue
5-6
pages
375 - 382
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000271143600009
  • scopus:71749101325
ISSN
1872-7050
DOI
10.1016/j.forpol.2008.11.005
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f12ce386-4a14-4585-93cc-3da00e19c359 (old id 1505557)
date added to LUP
2009-11-24 11:05:36
date last changed
2017-06-18 03:47:48
@article{f12ce386-4a14-4585-93cc-3da00e19c359,
  abstract     = {Forest certification can be conceived as one of many rapidly growing non-state market driven (NSMD) modes of governance. The environmental effectiveness of forest certification is oftentimes evaluated by indicators such as stringency of standards, degree of participation by key stakeholders, certified area, etc. In political science, forest certification as an NSMD governance arrangement is usually evaluated in terms of the quality of the decision-making procedures (input legitimacy) rather than for its problem solving capacity, i.e. its environmental performance or effectiveness. We conceptualize environmental effectiveness as a function of a standard's environmental stringency and the area covered by the standard, the latter dependent on the degree of social acceptance. Accordingly, the environmental effectiveness of different certification schemes ought to be evaluated taking both the standard stringency and the area certified into account. The forest certification process in Sweden illustrates how forestry history and regional differences affect the development, acceptance and adoption of different certification schemes. Industrial and Northern forestry owners favour the NGO led Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) standards whereas Southern small-scale private forest owners preferred to develop an alternative scheme the Programme for Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC). We demonstrate that there is a bifurcated geographical coverage of the two certification schemes along a north-south divide coupled with a similarity in standard stringency and a high degree of acceptance in their different areas of dominance. Both forest certification schemes display a similar degree of environmental effectiveness - but in different parts of the country and for different types of ownership. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Schlyter, Peter and Stjernquist, Ingrid and Bäckstrand, Karin},
  issn         = {1872-7050},
  keyword      = {Effectiveness,Legitimacy,Forest certification,Forest governance,Swedish forest policy,Non-state market driven governance},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5-6},
  pages        = {375--382},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Forest Policy and Economics},
  title        = {Not seeing the forest for the trees? The environmental effectiveness of forest certification in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2008.11.005},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2009},
}