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Understanding the Role of Personality in Explaining Associations Between Marital Quality and Parenting

Ganiban, Jody M.; Ulbricht, Jennifer A.; Spotts, Erica L.; Lichtenstein, Paul; Reiss, David; Hansson, Kjell LU and Neiderhiser, Jenae A. (2009) In Journal of Family Psychology 23(5). p.646-660
Abstract
Analyses assessed the degrees to which personality accounts for associations between marital quality and parenting and mediates genetic contributions to these relationships. Participants included 318 male and 544 female same-sex twin pairs from the Twin and Offspring Study in Sweden. All twins completed self-report measures of marital quality and personality (anxiousness, aggression, sociability). Composite measures of parent negativity and warmth were derived from the twins' and their adolescent children's ratings of the twins' disciplinary styles and the emotional tone of the parent-child relationship. Observational ratings of marital quality and parenting were also obtained for a subset of twins. Personality characteristics explained... (More)
Analyses assessed the degrees to which personality accounts for associations between marital quality and parenting and mediates genetic contributions to these relationships. Participants included 318 male and 544 female same-sex twin pairs from the Twin and Offspring Study in Sweden. All twins completed self-report measures of marital quality and personality (anxiousness, aggression, sociability). Composite measures of parent negativity and warmth were derived from the twins' and their adolescent children's ratings of the twins' disciplinary styles and the emotional tone of the parent-child relationship. Observational ratings of marital quality and parenting were also obtained for a subset of twins. Personality characteristics explained 33% to 42% of the covariance between reported marital quality and parenting and 26% to 28% of the covariance between observed marital quality and parenting. For both sets of analyses, personality accounted for more than half of the genetic contributions to covariance between marital quality and parenting. Results indicate that personality significantly contributes to associations between marital quality and parenting and that personality is an important path through which genetic factors contribute to family relationships. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
twins, personality, marriage, parenting
in
Journal of Family Psychology
volume
23
issue
5
pages
646 - 660
publisher
American Psychological Association (APA)
external identifiers
  • wos:000270796200004
  • scopus:70350132821
ISSN
0893-3200
DOI
10.1037/a0016091
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
af1f1767-7bb6-4805-be5f-4fc58d14dbcd (old id 1506297)
date added to LUP
2009-11-23 16:08:31
date last changed
2017-08-27 04:49:42
@article{af1f1767-7bb6-4805-be5f-4fc58d14dbcd,
  abstract     = {Analyses assessed the degrees to which personality accounts for associations between marital quality and parenting and mediates genetic contributions to these relationships. Participants included 318 male and 544 female same-sex twin pairs from the Twin and Offspring Study in Sweden. All twins completed self-report measures of marital quality and personality (anxiousness, aggression, sociability). Composite measures of parent negativity and warmth were derived from the twins' and their adolescent children's ratings of the twins' disciplinary styles and the emotional tone of the parent-child relationship. Observational ratings of marital quality and parenting were also obtained for a subset of twins. Personality characteristics explained 33% to 42% of the covariance between reported marital quality and parenting and 26% to 28% of the covariance between observed marital quality and parenting. For both sets of analyses, personality accounted for more than half of the genetic contributions to covariance between marital quality and parenting. Results indicate that personality significantly contributes to associations between marital quality and parenting and that personality is an important path through which genetic factors contribute to family relationships.},
  author       = {Ganiban, Jody M. and Ulbricht, Jennifer A. and Spotts, Erica L. and Lichtenstein, Paul and Reiss, David and Hansson, Kjell and Neiderhiser, Jenae A.},
  issn         = {0893-3200},
  keyword      = {twins,personality,marriage,parenting},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {646--660},
  publisher    = {American Psychological Association (APA)},
  series       = {Journal of Family Psychology},
  title        = {Understanding the Role of Personality in Explaining Associations Between Marital Quality and Parenting},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0016091},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2009},
}