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Subfossil Cladocera in relation to contemporary environmental variables in 54 Pan-European lakes

Bjerring, Rikke; Becares, Eloy; Declerck, Steven; Gross, Elisabeth M.; Hansson, Lars-Anders LU ; Kairesalo, Timo; Nykanen, Mirva; Halkiewicz, Anna; Kornijow, Ryszard and Conde-Porcuna, Jose M., et al. (2009) In Freshwater Biology 54(11). p.2401-2417
Abstract
P>1. Changes in cladoceran subfossils in the surface sediments of 54 shallow lakes were studied along a European latitude gradient (36-68 degrees N). Multivariate methods, such as regression trees and ordination, were applied to explore the relationships between cladoceran taxa distribution and contemporary environmental variables, with special focus on the impact of climate. 2. Multivariate regression tree analysis showed distinct differences in cladoceran community structure and lake characteristics along the latitude gradient, identifying three groups: (i) northern lakes characterised by low annual mean temperature, conductivity, nutrient concentrations and fish abundance, (ii) southern, macrophyte rich, warm water lakes with high... (More)
P>1. Changes in cladoceran subfossils in the surface sediments of 54 shallow lakes were studied along a European latitude gradient (36-68 degrees N). Multivariate methods, such as regression trees and ordination, were applied to explore the relationships between cladoceran taxa distribution and contemporary environmental variables, with special focus on the impact of climate. 2. Multivariate regression tree analysis showed distinct differences in cladoceran community structure and lake characteristics along the latitude gradient, identifying three groups: (i) northern lakes characterised by low annual mean temperature, conductivity, nutrient concentrations and fish abundance, (ii) southern, macrophyte rich, warm water lakes with high conductivity and high fish abundance and (iii) Mid-European lakes at intermediate latitudes with intermediate conductivities, trophic state and temperatures. 3. Large-sized, pelagic species dominated a group of seven northern lakes with low conductivity, where acid-tolerant species were also occasionally abundant. Small-sized, benthic-associated species dominated a group of five warm water lakes with high conductivity. Cladoceran communities generally showed low species-specific preferences for habitat and environmental conditions in the Mid-European group of lakes. Taxon richness was low in the southern-most, high-conductivity lakes as well as in the two northern-most sub-arctic lakes. 4. The proportion of cladoceran resting eggs relative to body shields was high in the northern lakes, and linearly (negatively) related to both temperature and Chl a, indicating that both cold climate (short growing season) and low food availability induce high ephippia production. 5. Latitude and, implicitly, temperature were strongly correlated with conductivity and nutrient concentrations, highlighting the difficulties of disentangling a direct climate signal from indirect effects of climate, such as changes in fish community structure and human-related impacts, when a latitude gradient is used as a climate proxy. Future studies should focus on the interrelationships between latitude and gradients in nutrient concentration and conductivity. (Less)
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published
subject
keywords
multivariate regression, canonical correspondence analysis, ephippia, analysis, species richness, zooplankton structure
in
Freshwater Biology
volume
54
issue
11
pages
2401 - 2417
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000270613600018
  • scopus:70349871312
ISSN
0046-5070
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-2427.2009.02252.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
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bec612d0-9d8f-4d7e-86bc-7fc7c2b783ba (old id 1507408)
date added to LUP
2009-11-20 13:51:16
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2017-11-05 04:08:57
@article{bec612d0-9d8f-4d7e-86bc-7fc7c2b783ba,
  abstract     = {P>1. Changes in cladoceran subfossils in the surface sediments of 54 shallow lakes were studied along a European latitude gradient (36-68 degrees N). Multivariate methods, such as regression trees and ordination, were applied to explore the relationships between cladoceran taxa distribution and contemporary environmental variables, with special focus on the impact of climate. 2. Multivariate regression tree analysis showed distinct differences in cladoceran community structure and lake characteristics along the latitude gradient, identifying three groups: (i) northern lakes characterised by low annual mean temperature, conductivity, nutrient concentrations and fish abundance, (ii) southern, macrophyte rich, warm water lakes with high conductivity and high fish abundance and (iii) Mid-European lakes at intermediate latitudes with intermediate conductivities, trophic state and temperatures. 3. Large-sized, pelagic species dominated a group of seven northern lakes with low conductivity, where acid-tolerant species were also occasionally abundant. Small-sized, benthic-associated species dominated a group of five warm water lakes with high conductivity. Cladoceran communities generally showed low species-specific preferences for habitat and environmental conditions in the Mid-European group of lakes. Taxon richness was low in the southern-most, high-conductivity lakes as well as in the two northern-most sub-arctic lakes. 4. The proportion of cladoceran resting eggs relative to body shields was high in the northern lakes, and linearly (negatively) related to both temperature and Chl a, indicating that both cold climate (short growing season) and low food availability induce high ephippia production. 5. Latitude and, implicitly, temperature were strongly correlated with conductivity and nutrient concentrations, highlighting the difficulties of disentangling a direct climate signal from indirect effects of climate, such as changes in fish community structure and human-related impacts, when a latitude gradient is used as a climate proxy. Future studies should focus on the interrelationships between latitude and gradients in nutrient concentration and conductivity.},
  author       = {Bjerring, Rikke and Becares, Eloy and Declerck, Steven and Gross, Elisabeth M. and Hansson, Lars-Anders and Kairesalo, Timo and Nykanen, Mirva and Halkiewicz, Anna and Kornijow, Ryszard and Conde-Porcuna, Jose M. and Seferlis, Miltiadis and Noges, Tiina and Moss, Brian and Amsinck, Susanne Lildal and Odgaard, Bent Vad and Jeppesen, Erik},
  issn         = {0046-5070},
  keyword      = {multivariate regression,canonical correspondence analysis,ephippia,analysis,species richness,zooplankton structure},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {2401--2417},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Freshwater Biology},
  title        = {Subfossil Cladocera in relation to contemporary environmental variables in 54 Pan-European lakes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2009.02252.x},
  volume       = {54},
  year         = {2009},
}