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Artemia salina as test organism for assessment of acute toxicity of leachate water from landfills

Svensson, Britt-Marie LU ; Mathiasson, Lennart LU ; Martensson, L and Bergström, Staffan LU (2005) In Environmental Monitoring & Assessment 102(1-3). p.309-321
Abstract
Artemia salina has, for the first time, been used as test organism for acute toxicity of leachate water from three landfills (the municipal landfills at Kristianstad, Sweden and Siauliai, Lithuania, and an industrial landfill at Stena fragmenting AB, Halmstad, as well as for leachate from Kristianstad treated in different ways in a pilot plan). Artemia can tolerate the high concentrations of chloride ions found in such waters. Large differences in toxicities were found, the leachate from Siauliai being the most toxic one. To increase the selectivity in the measurements, a fractionation was done by using ion exchange to separate ammonium/ammonia and metal ions from the leachate, and activated carbon adsorbents for organic pollutants. The... (More)
Artemia salina has, for the first time, been used as test organism for acute toxicity of leachate water from three landfills (the municipal landfills at Kristianstad, Sweden and Siauliai, Lithuania, and an industrial landfill at Stena fragmenting AB, Halmstad, as well as for leachate from Kristianstad treated in different ways in a pilot plan). Artemia can tolerate the high concentrations of chloride ions found in such waters. Large differences in toxicities were found, the leachate from Siauliai being the most toxic one. To increase the selectivity in the measurements, a fractionation was done by using ion exchange to separate ammonium/ammonia and metal ions from the leachate, and activated carbon adsorbents for organic pollutants. The influence of some metals and phenol compounds on the toxicity was investigated separately. It was found that most of the toxicity emanated from the ammonium/ammonia components in the leachate. However, there was also a significant contribution from organic pollutants, other than phenol compounds, since separate experiments had in this latter case indicated negligible impact. The concentrations of metals were at a level, shown by separate experiments, where only small contribution to the toxicity could be expected. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Environmental Monitoring & Assessment
volume
102
issue
1-3
pages
309 - 321
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • pmid:15869192
  • wos:000227734200019
  • scopus:15544380002
ISSN
1573-2959
DOI
10.1007/s10661-005-6029-z
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0a6c0c23-29ab-4f9d-a241-c84d9cc12124 (old id 151100)
date added to LUP
2007-06-28 08:54:46
date last changed
2017-10-29 03:28:04
@article{0a6c0c23-29ab-4f9d-a241-c84d9cc12124,
  abstract     = {Artemia salina has, for the first time, been used as test organism for acute toxicity of leachate water from three landfills (the municipal landfills at Kristianstad, Sweden and Siauliai, Lithuania, and an industrial landfill at Stena fragmenting AB, Halmstad, as well as for leachate from Kristianstad treated in different ways in a pilot plan). Artemia can tolerate the high concentrations of chloride ions found in such waters. Large differences in toxicities were found, the leachate from Siauliai being the most toxic one. To increase the selectivity in the measurements, a fractionation was done by using ion exchange to separate ammonium/ammonia and metal ions from the leachate, and activated carbon adsorbents for organic pollutants. The influence of some metals and phenol compounds on the toxicity was investigated separately. It was found that most of the toxicity emanated from the ammonium/ammonia components in the leachate. However, there was also a significant contribution from organic pollutants, other than phenol compounds, since separate experiments had in this latter case indicated negligible impact. The concentrations of metals were at a level, shown by separate experiments, where only small contribution to the toxicity could be expected.},
  author       = {Svensson, Britt-Marie and Mathiasson, Lennart and Martensson, L and Bergström, Staffan},
  issn         = {1573-2959},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-3},
  pages        = {309--321},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Environmental Monitoring & Assessment},
  title        = {Artemia salina as test organism for assessment of acute toxicity of leachate water from landfills},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-005-6029-z},
  volume       = {102},
  year         = {2005},
}