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Sexual abuse and associations with psychosocial aspects of health. A population- based study with Swedish adolescents.

Priebe, Gisela LU ; Hansson, Kjell LU and Svedin, Carl Göran LU (2010) In Nordic Journal of Psychiatry 64(1). p.40-48
Abstract
Background: Few population-based Nordic studies with adolescents investigate the associations between sexual abuse (SA) and psychosocial health. Aim: Associations between adolescents' self-reported experiences of SA different severity and aspects of psychosocial health such as emotional and behavioral problems, sense of coherence and self-esteem (general comment: sense of coherence=the theoretical concept, Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC)=measure of sense of coherence, were investigated. Methods: A school-based study with 1107 Swedish high school seniors was conducted. The students completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC), I think I am and a self-report survey that included questions... (More)
Background: Few population-based Nordic studies with adolescents investigate the associations between sexual abuse (SA) and psychosocial health. Aim: Associations between adolescents' self-reported experiences of SA different severity and aspects of psychosocial health such as emotional and behavioral problems, sense of coherence and self-esteem (general comment: sense of coherence=the theoretical concept, Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC)=measure of sense of coherence, were investigated. Methods: A school-based study with 1107 Swedish high school seniors was conducted. The students completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC), I think I am and a self-report survey that included questions about SA, socio-demographic variables and family variables. Results: SA was related to more emotional and behavioral problems, weaker SOC and lower self-esteem when compared with non-abuse. There was also a dose-response effect insofar as more severe abuse was related to poorer psychosocial health. When adjusted for socio-demographic and family-related variables, the associations between penetrating SA and most of the health variables weakened or disappeared. SOC was associated with penetrating SA even after adjustment. Conclusions: This population-based study suggests that SA should not be regarded as an isolated factor in relation to psychosocial health as the associations at a group level may be smaller than expected. Among a number of covariates, family variables such as parental bonding showed to be especially important. Sense of Coherence may be of special interest in further research and clinical treatment. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
volume
64
issue
1
pages
40 - 48
publisher
Informa Healthcare
external identifiers
  • wos:000273780200007
  • pmid:19883194
  • scopus:76749150901
ISSN
1502-4725
DOI
10.3109/08039480903265769
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
94526fc1-c72b-4018-ae4e-2a3f492d27d7 (old id 1512330)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19883194?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2009-12-01 11:04:00
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:38:27
@article{94526fc1-c72b-4018-ae4e-2a3f492d27d7,
  abstract     = {Background: Few population-based Nordic studies with adolescents investigate the associations between sexual abuse (SA) and psychosocial health. Aim: Associations between adolescents' self-reported experiences of SA different severity and aspects of psychosocial health such as emotional and behavioral problems, sense of coherence and self-esteem (general comment: sense of coherence=the theoretical concept, Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC)=measure of sense of coherence, were investigated. Methods: A school-based study with 1107 Swedish high school seniors was conducted. The students completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC), I think I am and a self-report survey that included questions about SA, socio-demographic variables and family variables. Results: SA was related to more emotional and behavioral problems, weaker SOC and lower self-esteem when compared with non-abuse. There was also a dose-response effect insofar as more severe abuse was related to poorer psychosocial health. When adjusted for socio-demographic and family-related variables, the associations between penetrating SA and most of the health variables weakened or disappeared. SOC was associated with penetrating SA even after adjustment. Conclusions: This population-based study suggests that SA should not be regarded as an isolated factor in relation to psychosocial health as the associations at a group level may be smaller than expected. Among a number of covariates, family variables such as parental bonding showed to be especially important. Sense of Coherence may be of special interest in further research and clinical treatment.},
  author       = {Priebe, Gisela and Hansson, Kjell and Svedin, Carl Göran},
  issn         = {1502-4725},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {40--48},
  publisher    = {Informa Healthcare},
  series       = {Nordic Journal of Psychiatry},
  title        = {Sexual abuse and associations with psychosocial aspects of health. A population- based study with Swedish adolescents.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/08039480903265769},
  volume       = {64},
  year         = {2010},
}