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Smoking and body fatness measurements: A cross-sectional analysis in the EPIC-PANACEA study

Travier, Noemie; Agudo, Antonio; May, Anne M.; Gonzalez, Carlos; Luan, Jian'an; Besson, Herve; Wareham, Nick J.; Slimani, Nadia; Rinaldi, Sabina and Clavel-Chapelon, Francoise, et al. (2009) In Preventive Medicine 49(5). p.365-373
Abstract
Objective. The present study investigates the cross-sectional relationship between tobacco smoking and body fatness. Methods. This cross-sectional study consisted of 469,543 men and women who participated in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study between 1992 and 2000 providing anthropometric measurements and information on smoking. Adjusted multilevel mixed-effects linear regression models were used to assess the association between smoking and body fat mass. Results. The analyses showed that BMI and WC were positively associated with smoking intensity in current smokers but negatively associated with time since quitting in former smokers. When compared to never smokers, average current smokers (17... (More)
Objective. The present study investigates the cross-sectional relationship between tobacco smoking and body fatness. Methods. This cross-sectional study consisted of 469,543 men and women who participated in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study between 1992 and 2000 providing anthropometric measurements and information on smoking. Adjusted multilevel mixed-effects linear regression models were used to assess the association between smoking and body fat mass. Results. The analyses showed that BMI and WC were positively associated with smoking intensity in current smokers but negatively associated with time since quitting in former smokers. When compared to never smokers, average current smokers (17 and 13 cig/day for men and women, respectively) showed a lower BMI. When average former smokers (men and women who had stopped smoking for 16 and 15 years, respectively) were compared to never smokers, higher BMI and WC were observed in men, whereas no significant associations were observed in women. Conclusions. This cross-sectional study suggests that smoking may be associated with body fatness and fat distribution. Although our findings cannot establish cause and effect, they suggest that providing information and support to those who want to stop may help in preventing weight gain and therefore weaken a barrier against stopping smoking. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (Less)
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
EPIC, Cross-sectional study, Waist circumference, Smoking, BMI
in
Preventive Medicine
volume
49
issue
5
pages
365 - 373
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000271849200004
  • scopus:70350638930
ISSN
1096-0260
DOI
10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.08.009
language
English
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yes
id
004c7b5f-3cc0-47c3-964b-9821217d8e40 (old id 1518685)
date added to LUP
2009-12-28 14:53:24
date last changed
2017-10-22 03:54:54
@article{004c7b5f-3cc0-47c3-964b-9821217d8e40,
  abstract     = {Objective. The present study investigates the cross-sectional relationship between tobacco smoking and body fatness. Methods. This cross-sectional study consisted of 469,543 men and women who participated in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study between 1992 and 2000 providing anthropometric measurements and information on smoking. Adjusted multilevel mixed-effects linear regression models were used to assess the association between smoking and body fat mass. Results. The analyses showed that BMI and WC were positively associated with smoking intensity in current smokers but negatively associated with time since quitting in former smokers. When compared to never smokers, average current smokers (17 and 13 cig/day for men and women, respectively) showed a lower BMI. When average former smokers (men and women who had stopped smoking for 16 and 15 years, respectively) were compared to never smokers, higher BMI and WC were observed in men, whereas no significant associations were observed in women. Conclusions. This cross-sectional study suggests that smoking may be associated with body fatness and fat distribution. Although our findings cannot establish cause and effect, they suggest that providing information and support to those who want to stop may help in preventing weight gain and therefore weaken a barrier against stopping smoking. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Travier, Noemie and Agudo, Antonio and May, Anne M. and Gonzalez, Carlos and Luan, Jian'an and Besson, Herve and Wareham, Nick J. and Slimani, Nadia and Rinaldi, Sabina and Clavel-Chapelon, Francoise and Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine and Palli, Domenico and Agnoli, Claudia and Mattiello, Amalia and Tumino, Rosario and Vineis, Paolo and Rodriguez, Laudina and Sanchez, Maria-Jose and Dorronsoro, Miren and Barricarte, Aurelio and Tormo, Maria-Jose and Norat, Teresa and Mouw, Traci and Key, Tim J. and Spencer, Elizabeth A. and Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas and Vrieling, Alina and Orfanos, Philippos and Naska, Ada and Trichopoulou, Antonia and Rohrmann, Sabina and Kaaks, Rudolf and Bergmann, Manuela M. and Boeing, Heiner and Hallmans, Goran and Johansson, Ingegerd and Manjer, Jonas and Lindkvist, Bjorn and Jakobsen, Mariane Uhre and Overvad, Kim and Tjonneland, Anne and Halkjaer, Jytte and Lund, Eiliv and Braaten, Toni and Odysseos, Andreani and Riboli, Elio and Peeters, Petra H.},
  issn         = {1096-0260},
  keyword      = {EPIC,Cross-sectional study,Waist circumference,Smoking,BMI},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {365--373},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Preventive Medicine},
  title        = {Smoking and body fatness measurements: A cross-sectional analysis in the EPIC-PANACEA study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.08.009},
  volume       = {49},
  year         = {2009},
}