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Functioning and disability 6-15 years after traumatic brain injuries in northern Sweden

Jacobsson, L. J.; Westerberg, M.; Soderberg, S. and Lexell, Jan LU (2009) In Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 120(6). p.389-395
Abstract
Objectives - To assess long-term functioning and disability after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Material and methods - Individuals (n = 88) in Norrbotten, northern Sweden, who had been transferred for neurosurgical care were assessed with internationally established TBI outcome measures 6-15 years post-injury. Results - There was an improvement in overall outcome from discharge from inpatient rehabilitation to follow-up. Many individuals had a high degree of motor and cognitive functioning, which enabled them to live independently in their own home without assistance, but there remained a disability related to community reintegration and social participation. This affected their productivity and to some degree their marital stability. The... (More)
Objectives - To assess long-term functioning and disability after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Material and methods - Individuals (n = 88) in Norrbotten, northern Sweden, who had been transferred for neurosurgical care were assessed with internationally established TBI outcome measures 6-15 years post-injury. Results - There was an improvement in overall outcome from discharge from inpatient rehabilitation to follow-up. Many individuals had a high degree of motor and cognitive functioning, which enabled them to live independently in their own home without assistance, but there remained a disability related to community reintegration and social participation. This affected their productivity and to some degree their marital stability. The remaining disability and reduced productivity were related to the age at injury and the injury severity. Conclusions Our data showed that individuals with a TBI can achieve and maintain a high degree of functioning many years after the injury. Increasing age and a greater injury severity contributed to their long-term disability. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
function, recovery of, outcome, disability evaluation, Glasgow Outcome Scale, traumatic brain injury, questionnaires
in
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
volume
120
issue
6
pages
389 - 395
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000271758800003
  • scopus:72849121556
ISSN
1600-0404
DOI
10.1111/j.1600-0404.2009.01238.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
97ef3d73-0764-43d0-95e3-ce007b7f5110 (old id 1519694)
date added to LUP
2009-12-28 11:43:49
date last changed
2017-10-08 04:05:11
@article{97ef3d73-0764-43d0-95e3-ce007b7f5110,
  abstract     = {Objectives - To assess long-term functioning and disability after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Material and methods - Individuals (n = 88) in Norrbotten, northern Sweden, who had been transferred for neurosurgical care were assessed with internationally established TBI outcome measures 6-15 years post-injury. Results - There was an improvement in overall outcome from discharge from inpatient rehabilitation to follow-up. Many individuals had a high degree of motor and cognitive functioning, which enabled them to live independently in their own home without assistance, but there remained a disability related to community reintegration and social participation. This affected their productivity and to some degree their marital stability. The remaining disability and reduced productivity were related to the age at injury and the injury severity. Conclusions Our data showed that individuals with a TBI can achieve and maintain a high degree of functioning many years after the injury. Increasing age and a greater injury severity contributed to their long-term disability.},
  author       = {Jacobsson, L. J. and Westerberg, M. and Soderberg, S. and Lexell, Jan},
  issn         = {1600-0404},
  keyword      = {function,recovery of,outcome,disability evaluation,Glasgow Outcome Scale,traumatic brain injury,questionnaires},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {389--395},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Acta Neurologica Scandinavica},
  title        = {Functioning and disability 6-15 years after traumatic brain injuries in northern Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0404.2009.01238.x},
  volume       = {120},
  year         = {2009},
}