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The Friction Model - a dynamic model of functioning, disability and contextual factors and its conceptual and practical applicability.

Borg, Johan LU ; Larsson, Stig LU ; Östergren, Per-Olof LU and Eide, Arne H (2010) In Disability and Rehabilitation 32. p.1790-1797
Abstract
Purpose. To develop a model of the dynamics of functioning, disability and contextual factors which harmonises with the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Method. Model parts based on ICF were identified and a model drawing from engineering concepts was developed. The conceptual and practical applicability of the model was discussed. Results. The so called Friction Model was created, which incorporates the ICF entities capacity, performance, environmental factors, health condition, body functions and structures, and personal factors. Friction describes the interaction between a person and his or her environment. The coefficient of friction is defined as the ratio between capacity and performance.... (More)
Purpose. To develop a model of the dynamics of functioning, disability and contextual factors which harmonises with the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Method. Model parts based on ICF were identified and a model drawing from engineering concepts was developed. The conceptual and practical applicability of the model was discussed. Results. The so called Friction Model was created, which incorporates the ICF entities capacity, performance, environmental factors, health condition, body functions and structures, and personal factors. Friction describes the interaction between a person and his or her environment. The coefficient of friction is defined as the ratio between capacity and performance. Conclusion. Carrying conceptual strengths and limitations, the Friction Model appears to offer opportunities for practical applications, including ICF-based alternatives to health-economic analyses. Harmonising with the ICF model and terminology, the model uses friction to describe the interaction between a person and the environment. The coefficient of friction can be used as a simple measure of how facilitating an environment is. The applicability is not limited to functioning of people with impairments. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Disability and Rehabilitation
volume
32
pages
1790 - 1797
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000282890600010
  • pmid:20100045
  • scopus:77956520094
ISSN
0963-8288
DOI
10.3109/09638280903531220
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a68aad09-798c-447b-ac8a-2b2a2102fb4d (old id 1540628)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20100045?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2010-02-03 10:42:35
date last changed
2018-05-29 12:29:21
@article{a68aad09-798c-447b-ac8a-2b2a2102fb4d,
  abstract     = {Purpose. To develop a model of the dynamics of functioning, disability and contextual factors which harmonises with the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Method. Model parts based on ICF were identified and a model drawing from engineering concepts was developed. The conceptual and practical applicability of the model was discussed. Results. The so called Friction Model was created, which incorporates the ICF entities capacity, performance, environmental factors, health condition, body functions and structures, and personal factors. Friction describes the interaction between a person and his or her environment. The coefficient of friction is defined as the ratio between capacity and performance. Conclusion. Carrying conceptual strengths and limitations, the Friction Model appears to offer opportunities for practical applications, including ICF-based alternatives to health-economic analyses. Harmonising with the ICF model and terminology, the model uses friction to describe the interaction between a person and the environment. The coefficient of friction can be used as a simple measure of how facilitating an environment is. The applicability is not limited to functioning of people with impairments.},
  author       = {Borg, Johan and Larsson, Stig and Östergren, Per-Olof and Eide, Arne H},
  issn         = {0963-8288},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1790--1797},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Disability and Rehabilitation},
  title        = {The Friction Model - a dynamic model of functioning, disability and contextual factors and its conceptual and practical applicability.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09638280903531220},
  volume       = {32},
  year         = {2010},
}