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The role of phospholipid transfer protein in lipoprotein-mediated neutralization of the procoagulant effect of anionic liposomes.

Oslakovic, Cecilia LU ; Jauhiainen, M; Ehnholm, C and Dahlbäck, Björn LU (2010) In Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 8. p.766-772
Abstract
Summary Background: Serum has the ability to neutralize the procoagulant properties of anionic liposomes, with transfer of phospholipids (PLs) to both high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles. Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) mediates transfer of PLs between HDL and other lipoproteins and conversion of HDL into larger and smaller particles. Objectives: To examine the role of PLTP in the neutralization of procoagulant liposomes. Methods: Procoagulant liposomes were incubated with different lipoproteins in the presence or absence of PLTP, and then tested for their ability to stimulate thrombin formation. Results and Conclusions: In the absence of added PLTP, the lipoprotein-enriched fraction, total HDL,... (More)
Summary Background: Serum has the ability to neutralize the procoagulant properties of anionic liposomes, with transfer of phospholipids (PLs) to both high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles. Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) mediates transfer of PLs between HDL and other lipoproteins and conversion of HDL into larger and smaller particles. Objectives: To examine the role of PLTP in the neutralization of procoagulant liposomes. Methods: Procoagulant liposomes were incubated with different lipoproteins in the presence or absence of PLTP, and then tested for their ability to stimulate thrombin formation. Results and Conclusions: In the absence of added PLTP, the lipoprotein-enriched fraction, total HDL, HDL(3) and very high-density lipoprotein (VHDL) were all able to neutralize the procoagulant properties of the liposomes. In these samples, endogenous PLTP was present, as judged by western blotting. In contrast, no PLTP was present in LDL, HDL(2) and lipoprotein-deficient serum, all of which displayed no ability to neutralize the procoagulant liposomes. The phospholipid (PL) transfer activity was dependent on both enzyme (PLTP) and PL acceptor (lipoproteins). After treatment of the VHDL fraction with antiserum against PLTP, the neutralization of procoagulant activity was reduced, but could be regained by the addition of active PLTP. The neutralizing activity was dependent on a catalytically active form of PLTP, and addition of a low activity form of PLTP had no effect. In conclusion, PLTP was found to mediate transfer of anionic PLs to HDL and LDL, thereby neutralizing the effect of procoagulant liposomes resulting in a reduction of procoagulant activity. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
volume
8
pages
766 - 772
publisher
Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd
external identifiers
  • wos:000275922500022
  • pmid:20088939
  • scopus:77952692526
ISSN
1538-7933
DOI
10.1111/j.1538-7836.2010.03744.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
27ede526-435e-4efb-91dd-5210e4529e79 (old id 1540758)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20088939?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2010-02-03 09:51:27
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:28:27
@article{27ede526-435e-4efb-91dd-5210e4529e79,
  abstract     = {Summary Background: Serum has the ability to neutralize the procoagulant properties of anionic liposomes, with transfer of phospholipids (PLs) to both high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles. Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) mediates transfer of PLs between HDL and other lipoproteins and conversion of HDL into larger and smaller particles. Objectives: To examine the role of PLTP in the neutralization of procoagulant liposomes. Methods: Procoagulant liposomes were incubated with different lipoproteins in the presence or absence of PLTP, and then tested for their ability to stimulate thrombin formation. Results and Conclusions: In the absence of added PLTP, the lipoprotein-enriched fraction, total HDL, HDL(3) and very high-density lipoprotein (VHDL) were all able to neutralize the procoagulant properties of the liposomes. In these samples, endogenous PLTP was present, as judged by western blotting. In contrast, no PLTP was present in LDL, HDL(2) and lipoprotein-deficient serum, all of which displayed no ability to neutralize the procoagulant liposomes. The phospholipid (PL) transfer activity was dependent on both enzyme (PLTP) and PL acceptor (lipoproteins). After treatment of the VHDL fraction with antiserum against PLTP, the neutralization of procoagulant activity was reduced, but could be regained by the addition of active PLTP. The neutralizing activity was dependent on a catalytically active form of PLTP, and addition of a low activity form of PLTP had no effect. In conclusion, PLTP was found to mediate transfer of anionic PLs to HDL and LDL, thereby neutralizing the effect of procoagulant liposomes resulting in a reduction of procoagulant activity.},
  author       = {Oslakovic, Cecilia and Jauhiainen, M and Ehnholm, C and Dahlbäck, Björn},
  issn         = {1538-7933},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {766--772},
  publisher    = {Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd},
  series       = {Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis},
  title        = {The role of phospholipid transfer protein in lipoprotein-mediated neutralization of the procoagulant effect of anionic liposomes.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1538-7836.2010.03744.x},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2010},
}