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Accounting for depressive symptoms in women: a twin study of associations with interpersonal relationships

Spotts, Erica L.; Neiderhiser, Jenae M.; Ganiban, Jody; Reiss, David; Lichtenstein, Paul; Hansson, Kjell LU ; Cederblad, Marianne LU and Pedersen, Nancy L. (2004) In Journal of Affective Disorders 82(1). p.101-111
Abstract
Background: This study examined how interpersonal relationships, specifically marital quality and adequacy of social support, are associated with depressive symptoms among women. Methods: A sample of 326 female monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs and their spouses was drawn from the Swedish Twin Registry. Associations among the three variables were evaluated by comparing similarities among monozygotic and dizygotic female twin pairs. Results: Interpersonal relationships contributed between 18% and 31% of the variance for depressive symptoms in women. Associations among the three variables were accounted for by genetic influences when women's reports were used. Non-shared environmental influences were important for the association between... (More)
Background: This study examined how interpersonal relationships, specifically marital quality and adequacy of social support, are associated with depressive symptoms among women. Methods: A sample of 326 female monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs and their spouses was drawn from the Swedish Twin Registry. Associations among the three variables were evaluated by comparing similarities among monozygotic and dizygotic female twin pairs. Results: Interpersonal relationships contributed between 18% and 31% of the variance for depressive symptoms in women. Associations among the three variables were accounted for by genetic influences when women's reports were used. Non-shared environmental influences were important for the association between marital quality and depressive symptoms when a combination of husband and wife reports of marital quality were used. Limitations: The data is cross-sectional and the generalizability of these findings to depressive symptoms in men or to individuals with major depression is not clear. Conclusions: These findings indicate important associations among marital quality, social support and depressive symptoms in women, which should be taken into consideration for prevention and intervention strategies targeting depression. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Behavior genetics, Depressive symptoms, Interpersonal relationships
in
Journal of Affective Disorders
volume
82
issue
1
pages
101 - 111
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:15465582
  • wos:000224670500012
  • scopus:4744338141
ISSN
1573-2517
DOI
10.1016/j.jad.2003.10.005
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b7386572-bc4d-4f85-8fbc-00a115f06147 (old id 155268)
date added to LUP
2007-06-25 15:31:33
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:44:10
@article{b7386572-bc4d-4f85-8fbc-00a115f06147,
  abstract     = {Background: This study examined how interpersonal relationships, specifically marital quality and adequacy of social support, are associated with depressive symptoms among women. Methods: A sample of 326 female monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs and their spouses was drawn from the Swedish Twin Registry. Associations among the three variables were evaluated by comparing similarities among monozygotic and dizygotic female twin pairs. Results: Interpersonal relationships contributed between 18% and 31% of the variance for depressive symptoms in women. Associations among the three variables were accounted for by genetic influences when women's reports were used. Non-shared environmental influences were important for the association between marital quality and depressive symptoms when a combination of husband and wife reports of marital quality were used. Limitations: The data is cross-sectional and the generalizability of these findings to depressive symptoms in men or to individuals with major depression is not clear. Conclusions: These findings indicate important associations among marital quality, social support and depressive symptoms in women, which should be taken into consideration for prevention and intervention strategies targeting depression.},
  author       = {Spotts, Erica L. and Neiderhiser, Jenae M. and Ganiban, Jody and Reiss, David and Lichtenstein, Paul and Hansson, Kjell and Cederblad, Marianne and Pedersen, Nancy L.},
  issn         = {1573-2517},
  keyword      = {Behavior genetics,Depressive symptoms,Interpersonal relationships},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {101--111},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Affective Disorders},
  title        = {Accounting for depressive symptoms in women: a twin study of associations with interpersonal relationships},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2003.10.005},
  volume       = {82},
  year         = {2004},
}