Advanced

Remembered Parental Bonding in Adult Twins: Genetic and Environmental Influences

Lichtenstein, Paul; Ganiban, Jody; Neiderhiser, Jenae M.; Pedersen, Nancy L.; Hansson, Kjell LU ; Cederblad, Marianne LU ; Elthammar, Olof and Reiss, David (2003) In Behavior Genetics 33(4). p.397-408
Abstract
One common assumption in psychology is the impact of parenting and parent-child relationships on the child's adjustment throughout the life span. Studies have indicated that there are genetic influences on memories of parenting, but how these influences are mediated has not typically been investigated. A sample of 150 pairs of monozygotic and 176 pairs of dizygotic Swedish twin women reported on personal characteristics and on remembered relationships with their mother and father using the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI). Quantitative genetic analyses showed moderate genetic influences for remembered parental warmth, which also was partly explained by genetic influences for optimism, aggression, and humor. The other two PBI scales,... (More)
One common assumption in psychology is the impact of parenting and parent-child relationships on the child's adjustment throughout the life span. Studies have indicated that there are genetic influences on memories of parenting, but how these influences are mediated has not typically been investigated. A sample of 150 pairs of monozygotic and 176 pairs of dizygotic Swedish twin women reported on personal characteristics and on remembered relationships with their mother and father using the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI). Quantitative genetic analyses showed moderate genetic influences for remembered parental warmth, which also was partly explained by genetic influences for optimism, aggression, and humor. The other two PBI scales, authoritarianism and protectiveness, showed only shared and nonshared environmental influences. One interpretation of the findings is that heritable personal characteristics of children elicit parental warmth. However, other explanations such as personality characteristics influencing how experiences with parents are interpreted or circumstances in adult life that affect the recall of experiences could not be ruled out. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
personality, Parenting, Parental Bonding Instrument, twins, genetics
in
Behavior Genetics
volume
33
issue
4
pages
397 - 408
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000184842600003
  • pmid:14574139
  • scopus:0141717600
ISSN
0001-8244
DOI
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
034cd879-aadc-4ca7-a298-d92e61d39177 (old id 155392)
date added to LUP
2007-06-25 13:08:53
date last changed
2018-05-29 12:14:45
@article{034cd879-aadc-4ca7-a298-d92e61d39177,
  abstract     = {One common assumption in psychology is the impact of parenting and parent-child relationships on the child's adjustment throughout the life span. Studies have indicated that there are genetic influences on memories of parenting, but how these influences are mediated has not typically been investigated. A sample of 150 pairs of monozygotic and 176 pairs of dizygotic Swedish twin women reported on personal characteristics and on remembered relationships with their mother and father using the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI). Quantitative genetic analyses showed moderate genetic influences for remembered parental warmth, which also was partly explained by genetic influences for optimism, aggression, and humor. The other two PBI scales, authoritarianism and protectiveness, showed only shared and nonshared environmental influences. One interpretation of the findings is that heritable personal characteristics of children elicit parental warmth. However, other explanations such as personality characteristics influencing how experiences with parents are interpreted or circumstances in adult life that affect the recall of experiences could not be ruled out.},
  author       = {Lichtenstein, Paul and Ganiban, Jody and Neiderhiser, Jenae M. and Pedersen, Nancy L. and Hansson, Kjell and Cederblad, Marianne and Elthammar, Olof and Reiss, David},
  issn         = {0001-8244},
  keyword      = {personality,Parenting,Parental Bonding Instrument,twins,genetics},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {397--408},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Behavior Genetics},
  title        = {Remembered Parental Bonding in Adult Twins: Genetic and Environmental Influences},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/},
  volume       = {33},
  year         = {2003},
}