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Democratization and Women's Empowerment: The Effects of Electoral Systems, Participation and Repetition in Africa.

Lindberg, Staffan I LU (2004) In Studies in Comparative International Development 39(1). p.28-53
Abstract
This article investigates three hypotheses suggested in the literature on women's political empowerment, operationalized here as increased legislative representation. These hypotheses are that (1) electoral systems manipulate women's political empowerment; (2) increased popular participation empowers women in particular; and (3) accumulated experience gained over several electoral cycles facilitates increased political empowerment of women. In Africa, as well as in other parts of the world, majoritarian systems discriminate against women, while the effect of large parties in proportional representation systems is more ambiguous, and popular participation and repetitive electoral cycles are increasing women's legislative representation.... (More)
This article investigates three hypotheses suggested in the literature on women's political empowerment, operationalized here as increased legislative representation. These hypotheses are that (1) electoral systems manipulate women's political empowerment; (2) increased popular participation empowers women in particular; and (3) accumulated experience gained over several electoral cycles facilitates increased political empowerment of women. In Africa, as well as in other parts of the world, majoritarian systems discriminate against women, while the effect of large parties in proportional representation systems is more ambiguous, and popular participation and repetitive electoral cycles are increasing women's legislative representation. This article demonstrates the value of studying gender relations under democratization, even with a narrow institutionalist focus using an elitist perspective. Finally, it shows that institutions can travel over diverse contexts with constant effects. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Politiska partier, Politik i tredje världen, Politisk makt och demokrati, Statsskick och centrala statsorgan
in
Studies in Comparative International Development
volume
39
issue
1
pages
28 - 53
publisher
Transaction Publishers
external identifiers
  • wos:000222697600002
ISSN
0039-3606
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
83bd84c7-74aa-4368-8543-9b5e24142ac1 (old id 156444)
date added to LUP
2007-06-25 13:15:11
date last changed
2016-04-15 20:29:46
@article{83bd84c7-74aa-4368-8543-9b5e24142ac1,
  abstract     = {This article investigates three hypotheses suggested in the literature on women's political empowerment, operationalized here as increased legislative representation. These hypotheses are that (1) electoral systems manipulate women's political empowerment; (2) increased popular participation empowers women in particular; and (3) accumulated experience gained over several electoral cycles facilitates increased political empowerment of women. In Africa, as well as in other parts of the world, majoritarian systems discriminate against women, while the effect of large parties in proportional representation systems is more ambiguous, and popular participation and repetitive electoral cycles are increasing women's legislative representation. This article demonstrates the value of studying gender relations under democratization, even with a narrow institutionalist focus using an elitist perspective. Finally, it shows that institutions can travel over diverse contexts with constant effects.},
  author       = {Lindberg, Staffan I},
  issn         = {0039-3606},
  keyword      = {Politiska partier,Politik i tredje världen,Politisk makt och demokrati,Statsskick och centrala statsorgan},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {28--53},
  publisher    = {Transaction Publishers},
  series       = {Studies in Comparative International Development},
  title        = {Democratization and Women's Empowerment: The Effects of Electoral Systems, Participation and Repetition in Africa.},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2004},
}