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Toward a Clarification of the Concept of Mastitis as Used in Empirical Studies of Breast Inflammation During Lactation

Kvist, LInda LU (2010) In Journal of Human Lactation 26(1). p.53-59
Abstract
The objective of this study is to clarify use of the term mastitis in empirical studies of lactational mastitis. Eighteen articles published between 1998 and 2008 were critically analyzed, and a concept clarification of the term mastitis was carried out. Four articles suggested that mastitis was an infection, 4 made no mention of the etiology of symptoms, and 10 articles described mastitis as an inflammation or an infection. Eight studies made no use of distinctions between milk stasis, noninfectious mastitis, and infectious mastitis. Bacterial cultivation was used in 5 articles, and 1 article measured leukocytes and C-reactive protein. Several different causes were cited. Antibiotics were suggested as appropriate treatment in 4 articles.... (More)
The objective of this study is to clarify use of the term mastitis in empirical studies of lactational mastitis. Eighteen articles published between 1998 and 2008 were critically analyzed, and a concept clarification of the term mastitis was carried out. Four articles suggested that mastitis was an infection, 4 made no mention of the etiology of symptoms, and 10 articles described mastitis as an inflammation or an infection. Eight studies made no use of distinctions between milk stasis, noninfectious mastitis, and infectious mastitis. Bacterial cultivation was used in 5 articles, and 1 article measured leukocytes and C-reactive protein. Several different causes were cited. Antibiotics were suggested as appropriate treatment in 4 articles. Use of the concept of mastitis in empirical studies remains inconsistent and may do so until the etiology of symptoms is understood. Understanding is also needed as to why some women who present with symptoms suggesting septic reaction recover without antibiotic therapy. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
concept clarification, breastfeeding, mastitis, lactation
in
Journal of Human Lactation
volume
26
issue
1
pages
53 - 59
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
external identifiers
  • wos:000274432300012
  • scopus:77649240388
ISSN
0890-3344
DOI
10.1177/0890334409349806
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fbdfaeec-c72b-4d3b-95e1-ec34a302ede8 (old id 1568913)
date added to LUP
2010-03-17 11:15:58
date last changed
2018-06-24 04:08:16
@article{fbdfaeec-c72b-4d3b-95e1-ec34a302ede8,
  abstract     = {The objective of this study is to clarify use of the term mastitis in empirical studies of lactational mastitis. Eighteen articles published between 1998 and 2008 were critically analyzed, and a concept clarification of the term mastitis was carried out. Four articles suggested that mastitis was an infection, 4 made no mention of the etiology of symptoms, and 10 articles described mastitis as an inflammation or an infection. Eight studies made no use of distinctions between milk stasis, noninfectious mastitis, and infectious mastitis. Bacterial cultivation was used in 5 articles, and 1 article measured leukocytes and C-reactive protein. Several different causes were cited. Antibiotics were suggested as appropriate treatment in 4 articles. Use of the concept of mastitis in empirical studies remains inconsistent and may do so until the etiology of symptoms is understood. Understanding is also needed as to why some women who present with symptoms suggesting septic reaction recover without antibiotic therapy.},
  author       = {Kvist, LInda},
  issn         = {0890-3344},
  keyword      = {concept clarification,breastfeeding,mastitis,lactation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {53--59},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {Journal of Human Lactation},
  title        = {Toward a Clarification of the Concept of Mastitis as Used in Empirical Studies of Breast Inflammation During Lactation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0890334409349806},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2010},
}