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Expression and Distribution of Cyclic AMP- and Cyclic GMP-Binding Protein Kinases in the Human Vagina-An Immunohistochemical Study

Ueckert, Stefan; Waldkirch, Eginhard S.; Albrecht, Knut; Sonnenberg, Julia; Langnaese, Kristina; Richter, Karin; Hedlund, Petter LU and Kuczyk, Markus A. (2010) In Journal of Sexual Medicine 7(2). p.888-895
Abstract
Introduction. In contrast to research findings describing the localization of nitric oxide synthases (NOS), guanylyl cyclases, and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)- and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)-degrading phosphodiesterase isoenzymes in the human vagina, the distribution of proteins known as major targets for cyclic nucleotides has not yet been evaluated. cAMP- and cGMP-dependent protein kinases (cAK, cGKI) have been identified as important receptors for cyclic nucleotides downstream the signaling cascades. Aim. To investigate, by means of immunohistochemistry, the expression of cAK and cGKI in relation to endothelial NOS (eNOS), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), and protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) in the human... (More)
Introduction. In contrast to research findings describing the localization of nitric oxide synthases (NOS), guanylyl cyclases, and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)- and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)-degrading phosphodiesterase isoenzymes in the human vagina, the distribution of proteins known as major targets for cyclic nucleotides has not yet been evaluated. cAMP- and cGMP-dependent protein kinases (cAK, cGKI) have been identified as important receptors for cyclic nucleotides downstream the signaling cascades. Aim. To investigate, by means of immunohistochemistry, the expression of cAK and cGKI in relation to endothelial NOS (eNOS), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), and protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) in the human vagina. Main Outcome Measures. Expression and distribution of cAK and cGKI(alpha,beta) in relation to eNOS, VIP, and PGP 9.5 in human vaginal tissue. Methods. Immunohistochemical techniques were applied to sections of human vaginal full wall specimens in order to evaluate the presence of cAK and cGKI(alpha,beta) in relation to VIP, PGP 9.5, and eNOS, respectively. Western blot analyses were conducted using cytosolic supernatants of homogenized specimens of the vaginal wall and epithelium. Results. Immunostaining specific for cGKI beta was observed in vascular and nonvascular smooth muscle of the vagina. In the endothelial layer, cGKI beta was found colocalized with eNOS. In contrast, no signals indicating cGKI alpha were registered. cAK-positive subepithelial vessels were found to be innervated by a dense meshwork of PGP-containing varicose nerve fibers, some of which presented expression of VIP. The expression of cAK and cGKI beta was confirmed by Western blotting. Conclusions. Our results demonstrate the expression of cAK and cGKI beta in the human vagina. The colocalization with VIP and eNOS underlines the significance of both the cAMP and GMP pathway in the control of human vaginal vascular and nonvascular smooth muscle. Uckert S, Waldkirch ES, Albrecht K, Sonnenberg J, Langnase K, Richter K, Hedlund P, and Kuczyk MA. Expression and distribution of cyclic AMP- and cyclic GMP-binding protein kinases in the human vagina-An immunohistochemical study. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Immunohistochemistry, Cyclic GMP, Cyclic AMP, Vaginal Physiology, Protein Kinases
in
Journal of Sexual Medicine
volume
7
issue
2
pages
888 - 895
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000274191700005
  • scopus:75649151048
ISSN
1743-6109
DOI
10.1111/j.1743-6109.2009.01539.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6fd55a6e-49fe-4089-9fc6-fc3f6079075e (old id 1570725)
date added to LUP
2010-03-17 08:40:38
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:45:55
@article{6fd55a6e-49fe-4089-9fc6-fc3f6079075e,
  abstract     = {Introduction. In contrast to research findings describing the localization of nitric oxide synthases (NOS), guanylyl cyclases, and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)- and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)-degrading phosphodiesterase isoenzymes in the human vagina, the distribution of proteins known as major targets for cyclic nucleotides has not yet been evaluated. cAMP- and cGMP-dependent protein kinases (cAK, cGKI) have been identified as important receptors for cyclic nucleotides downstream the signaling cascades. Aim. To investigate, by means of immunohistochemistry, the expression of cAK and cGKI in relation to endothelial NOS (eNOS), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), and protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) in the human vagina. Main Outcome Measures. Expression and distribution of cAK and cGKI(alpha,beta) in relation to eNOS, VIP, and PGP 9.5 in human vaginal tissue. Methods. Immunohistochemical techniques were applied to sections of human vaginal full wall specimens in order to evaluate the presence of cAK and cGKI(alpha,beta) in relation to VIP, PGP 9.5, and eNOS, respectively. Western blot analyses were conducted using cytosolic supernatants of homogenized specimens of the vaginal wall and epithelium. Results. Immunostaining specific for cGKI beta was observed in vascular and nonvascular smooth muscle of the vagina. In the endothelial layer, cGKI beta was found colocalized with eNOS. In contrast, no signals indicating cGKI alpha were registered. cAK-positive subepithelial vessels were found to be innervated by a dense meshwork of PGP-containing varicose nerve fibers, some of which presented expression of VIP. The expression of cAK and cGKI beta was confirmed by Western blotting. Conclusions. Our results demonstrate the expression of cAK and cGKI beta in the human vagina. The colocalization with VIP and eNOS underlines the significance of both the cAMP and GMP pathway in the control of human vaginal vascular and nonvascular smooth muscle. Uckert S, Waldkirch ES, Albrecht K, Sonnenberg J, Langnase K, Richter K, Hedlund P, and Kuczyk MA. Expression and distribution of cyclic AMP- and cyclic GMP-binding protein kinases in the human vagina-An immunohistochemical study.},
  author       = {Ueckert, Stefan and Waldkirch, Eginhard S. and Albrecht, Knut and Sonnenberg, Julia and Langnaese, Kristina and Richter, Karin and Hedlund, Petter and Kuczyk, Markus A.},
  issn         = {1743-6109},
  keyword      = {Immunohistochemistry,Cyclic GMP,Cyclic AMP,Vaginal Physiology,Protein Kinases},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {888--895},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Journal of Sexual Medicine},
  title        = {Expression and Distribution of Cyclic AMP- and Cyclic GMP-Binding Protein Kinases in the Human Vagina-An Immunohistochemical Study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2009.01539.x},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2010},
}