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Individualizing Therapies in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Based on Patient Characteristics: What We Know and What We Need to Know.

Smith, Robert; Nathan, David M; Arslanian, Silva A; Groop, Leif LU ; Rizza, Robert A and Rotter, Jerome I (2010) In The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism Apr 7. p.1566-1574
Abstract
Objective: Type 2 diabetes is heterogeneous in its clinical features, pathogenesis, and predisposing or causal genetic factors. This report examines what is known and what needs to be learned about the potential to individualize glycemic therapies in type 2 diabetes, based on phenotypes and genotypes. Participants: A 29-member international working group with expertise in diabetes epidemiology, physiology, genetics, clinical trials, and clinical care participated in formal presentations and discussions at a conference on April 16-17, 2009. A writing group subsequently prepared this summary and recommendations. The conference was coendorsed by The Endocrine Society and the American Diabetes Association and was supported by an unrestricted... (More)
Objective: Type 2 diabetes is heterogeneous in its clinical features, pathogenesis, and predisposing or causal genetic factors. This report examines what is known and what needs to be learned about the potential to individualize glycemic therapies in type 2 diabetes, based on phenotypes and genotypes. Participants: A 29-member international working group with expertise in diabetes epidemiology, physiology, genetics, clinical trials, and clinical care participated in formal presentations and discussions at a conference on April 16-17, 2009. A writing group subsequently prepared this summary and recommendations. The conference was coendorsed by The Endocrine Society and the American Diabetes Association and was supported by an unrestricted educational grant from Novo Nordisk. Evidence: Participants reviewed and discussed published literature, plus their own unpublished data. Consensus Process: The summary and recommendations were supported unanimously by the writing group as representing the majority or unanimous opinions of the working group. Conclusions: Recent advances in genetics, such as the identification of Kir6.2 mutations and the responsible genes for several forms of maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY), have established precedents linking specifically effective therapies to defined diabetes subtypes. The recent increase in identified polygenic factors related to type 2 diabetes and our understanding of the pathogenesis of diabetes provide potential opportunities to individualize therapy. To further this process, we recommend expanded analysis of existing data sources and the development of new basic and clinical research studies, including a greater focus on identifying type 2 diabetes subtypes, their response to different therapies, and quantitation of cost-effectiveness. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
volume
Apr 7
pages
1566 - 1574
publisher
The Endocrine Society
external identifiers
  • wos:000276402300011
  • pmid:20194712
  • scopus:77951630215
ISSN
1945-7197
DOI
10.1210/jc.2009-1966
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ab57ab32-698c-41f9-bebf-afc840a55ed2 (old id 1582643)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20194712?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2010-04-07 11:36:21
date last changed
2017-03-19 04:21:56
@article{ab57ab32-698c-41f9-bebf-afc840a55ed2,
  abstract     = {Objective: Type 2 diabetes is heterogeneous in its clinical features, pathogenesis, and predisposing or causal genetic factors. This report examines what is known and what needs to be learned about the potential to individualize glycemic therapies in type 2 diabetes, based on phenotypes and genotypes. Participants: A 29-member international working group with expertise in diabetes epidemiology, physiology, genetics, clinical trials, and clinical care participated in formal presentations and discussions at a conference on April 16-17, 2009. A writing group subsequently prepared this summary and recommendations. The conference was coendorsed by The Endocrine Society and the American Diabetes Association and was supported by an unrestricted educational grant from Novo Nordisk. Evidence: Participants reviewed and discussed published literature, plus their own unpublished data. Consensus Process: The summary and recommendations were supported unanimously by the writing group as representing the majority or unanimous opinions of the working group. Conclusions: Recent advances in genetics, such as the identification of Kir6.2 mutations and the responsible genes for several forms of maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY), have established precedents linking specifically effective therapies to defined diabetes subtypes. The recent increase in identified polygenic factors related to type 2 diabetes and our understanding of the pathogenesis of diabetes provide potential opportunities to individualize therapy. To further this process, we recommend expanded analysis of existing data sources and the development of new basic and clinical research studies, including a greater focus on identifying type 2 diabetes subtypes, their response to different therapies, and quantitation of cost-effectiveness.},
  author       = {Smith, Robert and Nathan, David M and Arslanian, Silva A and Groop, Leif and Rizza, Robert A and Rotter, Jerome I},
  issn         = {1945-7197},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1566--1574},
  publisher    = {The Endocrine Society},
  series       = {The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism},
  title        = {Individualizing Therapies in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Based on Patient Characteristics: What We Know and What We Need to Know.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2009-1966},
  volume       = {Apr 7},
  year         = {2010},
}